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History of communication essay

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Annual Review Debate — In Committee. This page displays your selected transcript. You may view the recorded PTV video using the history essay, Video tab. Please note that the video tab displays all available video for the sitting day of the transcript. Collector" Novel Fowles"! A filter will be available to find the specific debate / speech you wish to view. [Sitting date: 03 May 2016. Volume:713;Page:10666. Text is incorporated into history essay, the Bound Volume.] Debate resumed from 14 April on the Appropriation (2014/15 Confirmation and Validation) Bill. Hon Dr JONATHAN COLEMAN (Minister of Health): To resume from where we were 2 weeks ago—look, if you look at the wider picture in health, over the last 7 years this Government has put an extra $4 billion into literature review, the health sector. We have been very much focused on delivering increased access to services at the same time that, globally, most other Governments in the Western World have actually been decreasing their public service spending, and history of communication, their health services have been massively under pressure.

So if you look at the achievements of this Government in health, not only have we kept spending at about 6 percent of GDP, which is higher than that in Australia, but we have also been very focused on delivering those services that really matter to the people of New Zealand. If you look at first specialist assessments, they have increased by 26 percent over that time. Hnd Business Marketing Principles 4 Assignment! They have gone up from 430,000 to 540,000 per history year. At the same time we are delivering an extra 50,000 surgeries per year. Literature Apa Guidelines! When we came into history of communication essay, Government there were 118,000 elective surgeries performed each year; we are now doing 168,000 per year. At the essays about elie night, election we pledged that we would continue to raise that by an average of 4,000 per year, and, actually, we have exceeded that target. History Of Communication! Very recently we announced the first ever results of what happens to a referral when it goes from a general practitioner through to the hospital. University Questions 2008! There has been a lot of of communication, debate around this area over time, and no Government has ever traced that path. The only evidence we have was back in 2006 when Pete Hodgson, the Minister of Health, estimated that about 25 percent of patients were returned to their GP, and at that time that would have been 65,000. We have looked at the figures, and the first lot of preliminary data released last week shows that 87 percent of patients who have been referred by their GP to hospital services are getting an appointment.

There are about 5 percent who do not meet the five paragraph essay set up, threshold, and there are 8 percent who have to be held for further information to be sought. History! If you look at this area of unmet need, no Government has ever been able to deliver every operation and every appointment that every person in New Zealand could benefit from, but the only answer in hnd business 4 assignment the end is to do more and more. That is exactly what we have done. In the area of doctors and nurses, we have now got 5,500 more doctors and nurses working in the New Zealand health system than 8 years ago. That is a considerable uplift in the number of history of communication, personnel. The other big challenge we have had, apart from increasing access to services, has been on the financial side.

When we came into Government, district health boards were spending about $150 million more than they received in unit revenue each year. So they were in massive deficit, and the whole place was sliding out of control. Essay! Through a progressive approach we have brought those deficits back to about $50 million, and essay on other, we are determined to continue to reduce those. If you take Southern District Health Board—where we have a commissioner in place—out of the equation, those deficits are even lower. So the history of communication, fiscal discipline does really matter, and the point I would make is that if you look at that whole picture of access to services and the change in five paragraph the financial picture, it has been only history of communication essay, a National Government that has been able to increase access to services as well as manage the finances. That is very important because we are never going to have an five paragraph essay set up, unending pool of finance for the health system. No one is ever going to say: “Stop sending dollars.” It just will not happen. But what we do need to do is make the very best use of the finance that we do have in the health system. We have taken a very focused approach, as well. Of Communication Essay! For the essay harmful effects, last 7 years we have had health targets for the sector, and that has given very clear direction to essay the system. If you look at the approach in emergency departments, when we came into about night, Government there were ambulances queuing in the carpark at my local hospital, North Shore Hospital.

That does not happen any more, because we set this target of 95 percent being in and out of the emergency department within 6 hours. We have actually been very successful in history of communication essay reaching that target. We are no longer, also, sending people to apa guidelines Australia for cancer care. History! When we came into Government, 700 people had been sent to Australia for cancer care. We are also providing the elective surgery that people in this country need. The other thing we have done is, for the first time, we have launched a comprehensive New Zealand health strategy that lays out the plan for the health system for the next 5 to 10 years and beyond. Actually, what we need in terms of the health system is a change in approach whereby we are focusing more on the community. We are focusing on prevention and earlier intervention because, actually, it does not really help the patients if the literature review apa guidelines, only point of history of communication, intervention is once they get to hospital. We want to essay deal with things much, much earlier.

We want to history of communication keep people well and in the community and we want to deliver care closer to home, and all that has to be enabled with the best use of technology in the long term. If you look at the investment approach in justice, which my colleague Amy Adams was talking about earlier today, this Government is very conscious that what we do in these different social sector portfolios is the novel Fowles", all linked. In health, if we want to keep kids out of hospital we have got to have well-insulated homes. That is of communication essay, 270,000 homes that have been insulated under the course of this Government. If children are getting their immunisations, if they are staying out of hospital and staying well, they are actually going to novel Fowles" do much better in the education system. If they come through the education system successfully with the skills that you need to actually function in a modern economy, they are actually going to have far better long-term social outcomes. History Essay! If you look at the statistics for people who end up in hnd business 4 assignment the justice system, they have fallen off the wagon at some point along the history of communication essay, way.

So all these things are interlinked, and literature review apa guidelines, what we do know from the of communication essay, political point of hnd business unit 4 assignment, view is that the history of communication, health system is one of those things that the public really does care about. This Government has been very committed to making sure that health has been the about night, largest beneficiary of new money at history, each Budget, and I am sure that will continue to be what happens into the future, because in the end we know that well beyond the political arena, health is one of those things—in fact, it is the most important thing—that counts for New Zealanders, and we are determined to deliver on that. Hon ANNETTE KING (Deputy Leader—Labour): I must agree with the Minister of Health that the public does care about health. About Elie Wiesel's Night! Members of the essay, public do care about their health, their family’s health, and essays about wiesel's night, the health system. But, Minister, I do not know where you have been, because there are a lot of New Zealanders who are very worried about their health, very worried about their access to history of communication health services, and very worried about the health system. Part of the problem is that a Minister must actually be accurate with the information that he provides. Essays About Wiesel's Night! I have listened day after day as the history, Minister tells New Zealanders that under his Government 50,000 more elective surgeries have been done. He then quotes the 2007-08 figure as the base point. Who had the on other effects, Budget of 2008-09? It was the of communication essay, Labour Government; it was not the National Government. Literature Review! In fact, there were 12,000 additional procedures done in that year that he counts as National’s.

I am just pointing out of communication essay, that honesty and truthfulness in figures is very important, and collector" novel, that is one of the ones that is not being presented in the correct way. Saying that one Government did something when it did not is not being straight with the public. The second issue I want to raise is that Minister Coleman constantly says that former Minister of history essay, Health Pete Hodgson said that about 25 percent of patients were being sent back to the doctor. Hnd Business Marketing 4 Assignment! Pete Hodgson never said any such thing. I have asked the Minister—in fact, I did an Official Information Act request; several of them—to provide the evidence. There was no evidence that Pete Hodgson said that, and I could read out the exact quote that has been interpreted by this Minister for history of communication essay, political purposes.

So I have to say to the Minister that if he is going to bring up these issues, he should at short essay of smoking, least tell the story as it is. Let us take the issue of cancer treatment in New Zealand. Yes, we are no longer sending 700 patients to Australia, but I ask the essay, Minister, when were they sent, Minister? They were sent between 2000 and 2002. Why, Minister? The answer is in five essay the very report that the Minister would not release when he had it. It was a 1998-99 report into cancer services in New Zealand, which I received as the history essay, Minister of Health, that said our cancer services in New Zealand were in questions 2008 a dire position, that we did not have enough linear accelerators, that we did not have enough radiation therapists, and that our health cancer services were likely to crumble. That was the truth—not the truth that the Minister will tell the people of history of communication essay, New Zealand, but that was the about elie wiesel's night, truth. Then the history, Minister said we needed to do more.

Well, I have got the figures, Minister, on what has happened since 2011 to 2015 to those old people who were waiting for essay, their hip and knee operations around New Zealand. In that time eight district health boards did 2,181 fewer operations, not more operations. So, then, let us look at the evidence. The evidence that came out of Otago University said that there is explicit rationing of joint operations in Otago, and it is worsening—it is worsening. Essay! The research paper went on to say that “we have noticed an increase in the severity of disease of those patients who do qualify for surgery.” That is the evidence, Minister.

It is not the nice rosy picture the Minister would like to paint to New Zealanders, but what the hnd business unit, public are actually seeing and what our professionals and essay, our researchers are finding. I have to effects say that I am very disappointed in the Minister’s approach to the health budget. Unless this Minister is able to show New Zealanders that he has sufficient in his budget in this 2016-17 Budget, he will be a failure. And he will continue to have New Zealand Doctor magazine—this comes from of communication doctors—writing things like this about him: “Who is Dr Coleman? What does he look like? Try Labour.” That is essays about night, what they say in New Zealand Doctor magazine, and that is history of communication essay, because he has been missing in action when it comes to supporting New Zealanders in terms of the health budget.

I will be looking to see how much money goes into Pharmac, because Pharmac says there are 20 drugs that need to be funded before a drug like Keytruda. So there needs to be a sizable increase in that budget. There needs to be a sizable increase in order to do more elective surgery. Of Chicago Questions 2008! I would like to see more money going into history of communication, public health, because what we have had is a lot of fancy words about obesity. [ Bell rung ] The CHAIRPERSON (Hon Chester Borrows) : The Hon Annette King. Hon ANNETTE KING : No, Mr Chairman, I will sit down and let the review apa guidelines, Associate Minister of Health have a go. Of Communication! Hon Peseta SAM LOTU-IIGA (Associate Minister of Health): It is a privilege to speak in this debate. We have heard the member opposite, Annette King, ask for facts, and then she proceeded to slander the Minister of Health, who is doing a fine job, I may add, compared with the five essay set up, former Minister. I think that that may be the problem here—that it is the former Minister having a go at a Minister who is doing a fine job. Now here are the facts: in Labour’s last Budget, it was $11.8 billion—she knows that; she was part of that Government—and that has gone up to $15.9 billion. Hon Peseta SAM LOTU-IIGA : $15.9 billion, Mr Simpson. So that is over $4 billion more in the health budget under this National Government—under this National Government—and those are the facts that she should appreciate.

But it is not just the history of communication essay, amount of essay, spending that matters in Government; it is the quality of the history essay, spending—it is the quality of spending, and collector" novel by John, it is New Zealanders accessing those services that are demanded by them. And the Minister of Health has already pointed out that under National an average of 6.5 percent has been spent as a percentage of GDP. Essay! So the actual amount spent by essay on other harmful of smoking, National as a percentage of our gross domestic product is 6.5 percent. Under Labour, under Miss King and her mates—5.7 percent. So it has gone up by about 1 percent, on average. But it is not about that; it is actually about front-line services. We campaigned in 2008 that we would be putting more police on the front line, that we would be putting more teachers on the front line, that we would be putting on more nurses and GPs and doctors to serve New Zealanders, in essay terms of the quality services that they expect.

Dr Coleman has already outlined 5,500 more doctors and nurses. And what does it mean? Hon Annette King : And what are they saying about the literature apa guidelines, health system? Hon Peseta SAM LOTU-IIGA : Well, what they have said is that there are 50,000 more elective surgeries, which she seems to try to debunk, but those are the facts—110,000 more first specialist appointments. Do you know that? Miss King knows that. What I can say in terms of the Pacific health portfolio, you know, we have spent millions in terms of getting more Pacific people to that front line.

In terms of the history, Aniva Scholarships, over $1.19 million, in terms of getting more Pacific people on the front line—and that includes 58 doctors in the last year, 27 nurses, and four oral health and dentistry specialists. It is also about the nursing graduates. A couple of weeks ago I attended a scholarship presentation evening where Pacific people were being trained. They were being trained to become nurses, physios, doctors—and, you know, that is a beautiful thing. Miss King supports that but she will not acknowledge the— Hon Annette King : Oh yes, I do. Hon Peseta SAM LOTU-IIGA : —fine work that we are doing. Oh, she does acknowledge it. Well, thank you, I am glad you do.

I am glad that we also support health sciences academies, because it is not just about doctors and nurses; it is also about getting the kids at an early stage in their lives and to promote health sciences and to promote medicine and science in our schools. One of them—my local high school, Onehunga High School—has got a health sciences academy, which is a collaboration between the local district health boards and the Ministry of unit, Health. When I talk to the students in those classes, what it is doing is promoting a subject that they would not otherwise be exposed to. It is allowing them to project their dreams and of communication essay, their aspirations to be in the Fowles" the health sector. These are young boys and girls, but they will be the men and women who will deliver health services into the future. We also know, in terms of facts—you wanted facts; we are going to give more facts—our immunisation rates under National are mid-90 percent. What were they under Labour? Mr Simpson, do you know?

Hon Peseta SAM LOTU-IIGA : Mid-70 percent—they were in the 70s. Of Communication Essay! So we have lifted immunisation rates right across the board, from the mid-70 percent under the Labour Government to mid-90 percentages. Hon Annette King : Do you know when it started? With meningitis B. That’s when it started—when we started to five paragraph set up train all the immunisers. Hon Peseta SAM LOTU-IIGA : Oh, here she goes—here she goes. She is denying it again, but those are the facts. We can look at all the health statistics you like; the National Government has done a great job to deliver these types of services. One of the other statistics that I am particularly proud of is the reduction in rheumatic fever rates. Again, in history investment, we put millions up front— Hon Annette King : Bronchiectasis. Hon Peseta SAM LOTU-IIGA : —in terms of the investment, and Ms King agrees with this.

I have heard testimonies from Maori and Pacific kids and their parents who have said that without that investment, without their exposure to the type of treatment to reduce these rheumatic fever rates, they would be suffering right now. So these things are important, these are the facts, and essay on other of smoking, this is why— KEVIN HAGUE (Green): I want to talk about one particular area in health, and that is the area of history, mental health, which is one that, historically, has been poorly dealt with by Governments right around the world, including ours. Perhaps it is because of our fear of mental illness—that we may be affected by it—that we have chosen instead to put people in the bin, and to put them out of sight in those big psychiatric institutions. I am thinking of Kingseat Hospital, Seacliff Lunatic Asylum, Seaview Asylum, Carrington/Oakley Hospital—successors of Bedlam. They were nasty places to be. In the 1980s and questions, 1990s in history essay this country we had two forces that were changing that: one was the by John Fowles", process of deinstitutionalisation, and the other was several reports led by Judge Ken Mason. The Mason reports led to a very substantial increase in funding for mental health services, and led to the creation of the Mental Health Commission. The commission itself did an extraordinary amount of good work. It developed the Blueprint for Mental Health Services in New Zealand: How Things Need to Be , it developed a ring-fence for history of communication essay, mental health funding to ensure money that was intended for mental health services could not be spent elsewhere, and it ensured there was ongoing oversight of the five paragraph essay, implementation of the blueprint. Under the essay, watch of the Mental Health Commission we saw steady improvement.

We saw more services, we saw greater capacity, and we saw a pretty substantial increase in people’s health. The commission moved on to primary mental health with Blueprint II, but now things are going backwards. They are going backwards because the ring-fence does not really exist any longer, and so district health boards, which are under substantial financial pressure, are choosing instead to use dollars that were intended for mental health services for other services. Things are going backwards because there is short on other effects, no longer a top-line target for mental health services. The point of targets is to increase focus and effort on those particular areas, with the consequence that those areas that are not targeted will have less focus, less resource, and less effort, and, sadly, mental health is one of those. We have seen the of communication essay, Mental Health Commission disbanded and replaced with a single Mental Health Commissioner, whose focus is on individual complaints and not on the kind of marketing 4 assignment, systemic oversight and improvement that we actually need. The Ministry of Health recently conducted a review of the Waikato District Health Board’s mental health services after a series of tragic events under that district health board. It found that staff working in mental health had very low morale, it found that the planning and funding department was paying a price below the national price for history of communication, mental health services, it found that staffing ratios meant that clinical staff in mental health were having to try to care for principles, more people than was appropriate, and history of communication essay, it found that vacancies in short essay on other of smoking mental health staffing were being held open to essay enable the district health board to save money. Those shortcomings are echoed amongst other district health boards: Northland, Capital and questions, Coast, Southern, Canterbury. They are the signs of a sector that is history, under severe financial pressure—severe financial pressure that is short on other of smoking, stretching our mental health services not only to breaking point but beyond breaking point.

People like Nicky Stevens have paid the price for that underfunding, for having that eye off the essay, ball, with their lives. It is now time for an urgent, nationwide inquiry into the state of university of chicago 2008, this country’s mental health services. BARBARA STEWART (NZ First): I am pleased to rise to take a call on behalf of New Zealand First on the annual review of the history essay, health sector. The Minister of Health continues to tell us, on literature apa guidelines, every opportunity that he can, that the health system is in good shape and that we are heading in the right direction. We are hearing the increasingly loud voices of the people out there who are telling us that this is definitely not the case. We, and they too, hold grave concerns for the future of our health system because the ambulance at the bottom of the cliff is ailing, which is a very unfortunate situation. The chronic underfunding is basically putting a huge strain on history essay, our health services and putting our system at risk. Many district health boards are not able to fund a safe level of staffing in our hospitals or even keep annual leave at a manageable level, and we have read this many times in the newspapers. Collector" By John! The medical staff are saying that their workloads are unsustainable and that they are being forced to do more and more with less. It is not a safe situation and patients are, basically, being put at risk.

I had a very fortunate meeting with somebody on a plane going back to Hamilton— BARBARA STEWART : —yes—who said that, in his opinion, the nurses and the doctors go beyond the call of duty to look after the patients. Despite the fact that they are stretched, they do far more than they actually should. In high-dependency units and intensive care units we know that staff go beyond the call of history of communication, duty. The gentleman I spoke to said that the care his son received was absolutely outstanding and about elie night, could not be faulted. He also praised the hospital air service that flies from New Plymouth to Hamilton, and, again, the care in there was outstanding. History Of Communication! So we have got our staff working to the best of their ability despite the lack of funding. We know too that district health boards are unable to essay 2008 cope with the demand for elective surgery.

Although the number of surgeries has increased, and the Minister tells us that every day, it is simply not enough to keep up with demand. We have got an ageing population, we have got a sharp increase in chronic illnesses, and all of this is putting pressure on history of communication essay, the health system. And what have we seen? We have seen the district health boards having to raise the threshold to ensure that people have to apa guidelines jump through higher hoops to of communication essay actually qualify for surgery. The result is that more and more people are becoming more and more disabled, and more are left in chronic pain to the novel by John try to cope until they can have surgery. Performing operations when they are needed makes sounds economic sense and, of course, it saves money.

I had one instance recently of a gentleman coming to visit me in my Hamilton office. He said that he needed a heart operation, but the history of communication essay, hospital had told him that it did not have the money to actually carry this out. This does not sound like the the, health system that we have had in essay the past. Pharmac too is severely underfunded, meaning that more and more New Zealanders are missing out on vital medicines. Those who can afford to pay for the collector" novel, them privately or through private health insurance definitely receive them, but for the rest of the people it is just about impossible.

They are left to manage as best they can. We have never ever had a two-tier health system here in New Zealand where those who can afford treatment get it and those who cannot basically go without. When we look at cancer, we see that we are lagging behind Australia in this area too. Of Communication! Up in the Waitemata District Health Board the bowel cancer screening programme is absolutely outstanding, saving many people every year. Why has this programme not been extended to other district health boards?

It is actually saving lives. I am hoping that the Minister is hnd business principles 4 assignment, going to announce this in the Budget this year. An election promise is too late. Of Communication! We will lose another 1,200 people to this disease. When we have a look at obesity, the about, number of cases is reaching chronic levels. BARBARA KURIGER (National—Taranaki - King Country): It was a pleasure to wait for the other Barbara, and I have to say that if anyone is in Inglewood next Monday morning there will be two Barbaras speaking in support of breast cancer as well. This National Government is making each health dollar go further. History Of Communication Essay! There are 5,500 more doctors and nurses with 1,000 fewer managers and literature apa guidelines, administrators. What that means for me is there are more people in our community shifting primary health care out to where the people live.

An example that I just want to give to you around this today is that the half a million dollars that was put into rural mental health has been widely used in terms of training people to pick up problems and help with cases early, before people get to the stage where they need to be in of communication essay hospital. So it is about more identification and more knowledge around that. Literature Review! I agreed with Kevin Hague when he talked before about the things that we used to do to people with mental health issues in years gone by, and I am pleased that we are past that. When I see 480 people coming out in Hawera to listen to John Kirwan speak on mental health, I do believe that the stigma is lifting. So I am really pleased that the community is totally aware of it. Other things are happening in terms of shifting health care out into our communities. This week all of you here in Parliament will have the opportunity to visit on the forecourt the mobile health care units. They are visiting Parliament. I am really pleased to have them here. History! There will be a lot more than there used to be. We are going to be looking at the mobile breast-screening unit, the mobile dental unit, and the mobile lithotripsi—and for those of us who do not have medical backgrounds and who are lay people, that is about blasting your kidney stones.

The mobile surgical unit will be there. I have been lucky enough to watch an operation in that surgical unit, and it is an absolutely brilliant concept. But what is 2008, actually even more exciting is that there are more technologies in the making. History Essay! The diagnostic technologies that we are going to be looking at, which are traditionally in the realms of essays about night, hospitals, are more and more being brought into history essay, our communities. These are things like prostate function; respiratory function; mole-mapping; endoscopy, which is essay 2008, about your digestive tract; and skin lesions—those sorts of history of communication, things. It is going to be a real pleasure to be associated with those surgical buses and essays about, health care units that are coming to Parliament.

The other thing that is happening this week is that I am opening the Rural Nurses Meeting on Thursday night. Of Communication! It is hnd business unit, a real pleasure to be doing that. History Essay! The Rural Health Alliance Aotearoa New Zealand is coming to essays about wiesel's night Parliament—and to Wellington as well—and will be talking to us tomorrow. So there is a whole lot going on in our communities that is taking primary health care closer to where people live. You would have heard the history essay, Minister of Health talking before about marketing unit integrated data and people’s health. You know, if someone is not doing well, is it a health issue, is it a learning disability, or is it a hearing issue?

There is a whole range of things that we can pick up with integrated data. I was very impressed last week when I joined the Prime Minister and the Maori Party in Te Kuiti. We had the Taumarunui Community Kokiri Trust in Te Kuiti demonstrating all the services that it offers, but the best service that it actually offers is of communication essay, that when people go in its door, they end up with a one-stop service. So this is the beginning of some of hnd business principles, those integrated community services. Whether it is a health issue, a social support issue, or a housing issue, people come in very confused about where they need to go. That business has a source of navigators, who are totally there to help people work on history of communication essay, whichever issue they need to and connect them to the right place so their health and university of chicago 2008, social well-being is taken care of. They also have these wonderful groups of history essay, people who go out in their blue T-shirts. They do dancing in the community, they are fit, they are active, and they are working a whole lot on prevention as well as cure. So I am really heartened with what is happening in health and with what I see in hnd business unit my communities. I am very pleased to be standing here in support of the National Government today and I look forward to all the things that are happening.

Thank you. The CHAIRPERSON (Hon Chester Borrows) : Before I call the history, member, I will just remind members that the Business Committee has given permission for the chairs of hnd business marketing principles unit 4 assignment, select committees to lead each debate on the basis that they are recapping evidence that came before the committees that they have taken over time, as opposed to future projection, in their speeches. JACQUI DEAN (Chairperson of the Justice and Electoral Committee): With those words echoing in history essay my ears, thank you, Mr Chairman. There are many divisions across this House over a number of issues. There are some things that we all agree on, however, and one is five paragraph, that we want New Zealanders to history essay feel safe in literature review apa guidelines their communities and to history of communication feel safe in their homes together with their families. Sadly, for some people this is not the reality of their lives. Family violence in this country is far too high. The Minister of Justice, the Hon Amy Adams, has made tackling family violence a priority for her in her time as justice Minister. Also, the marketing principles 4 assignment, other issue in the justice sector that has been under review is of communication essay, around reducing reoffending within New Zealand prisons and the number of collector" by John, people who go to prison. I am going to briefly touch on both of those things.

In terms of family violence, early last year the essay, Ministerial Group on Family Violence and Sexual Violence commissioned a stocktake of family and marketing principles unit, sexual violence services across all Government agencies. We should note that the history essay, Government spends around $1.4 billion each year responding to family and sexual violence issues. That is a large amount of money to spend on a number of very important programmes. The stocktake found that although a whole lot of good work was being done there is certainly room for improvement, and the figures, of course, underline that. There is duplication of some services, there is fragmentation of other services, and all these things were noted. Literature! So a new family violence work programme has been under development and is developing a whole-of-Government strategy to tackle these issues and provide better services and better results for victims of family violence. So I will just run through a number of the initiatives that have been undertaken in the past financial year and are ongoing. A Chief Victims Advisor has been appointed to provide independent advice to the Government—that is, an essay, independent voice to Government on family violence.

There has been a $3.6 million contract for a National Home Safety Service and that was awarded to the National Collective of Independent Women’s Refuges. That is being rolled out across New Zealand and that will now assist up to a thousand victims a year with better security so that they can remain in their homes and they can feel safe with a much lower risk of serious physical harm or violence. There is now new regulation to give judges better access to novel by John Fowles" more information about perpetrators’ family violence history so they have the best information possible when they are making decisions. History Of Communication Essay! We are trialling ways where we can speed up family violence cases that are progressing through the courts. That is happening in two pilot locations. Why? Because Family Court issues need to be resolved quickly, mostly for the benefit of the children involved. Police will soon start testing improved portable safety alarms and of chicago questions, fixed alarms for history, high-risk victims.

The Ministry of university of chicago essay, Justice is of communication, looking into short essay on other harmful, how to improve the history essay, information judges receive about defendants’ health where that is relevant to bail conditions and sentencing decisions and, for example, alcohol and drug dependency issues. That segues quite neatly into the reducing reoffending programme, which is so dear to the Minister’s heart. The Justice and Electoral Committee visited the alcohol and other drug treatment court in of chicago essay 2008 Waitakere. There is a trial going on into how the history essay, judicial system can better deal with people who have recidivist offences in the realms of drug and paragraph set up, alcohol offending. The pilot that the committee attended in the Waitakere court was under Judge Tremewan, and I want to acknowledge Judge Tremewan’s work in the alcohol and other drug treatment court. I want to history commend her for collector" novel Fowles", her vision and for her passion and for her commitment to those offenders who have been referred to her court. History Of Communication Essay! What happens is that a recidivist drink-driver is facing charges. They apply to appear in of chicago essay questions 2008 the drug treatment court. They will be sentenced but not until they have undergone a programme of treatment. This is history, a great initiative. Thank you.

KELVIN DAVIS (Labour—Te Tai Tokerau): I will dedicate my 5 minutes to talking about the Department of Corrections. When we look at the annual review of the department, where do we start? There is just a wealth of material to go on, so let me start where it needs to five paragraph essay set up start, and that is with the essay, Serco debacle. The Department of Corrections had a terrible year last year, and Serco was the poster boy for incompetence and mismanagement. By John Fowles"! I remember walking down the main street of Kaikohe in history 2009 or 2010—about that time—when the Government first mooted the idea of privatisation of prisons. Literature! I walked down the main street of Kaikohe with corrections officers from Ngawha prison. History Essay! They said to me at the time: “This is going to be a disaster. Privatisation of prisons doesn’t work overseas. There are going to be more assaults, prisoner on prisoner assaults. There are going to be more prisoner on staff assaults.

There is university questions, going to be a whole heap of things covered up.” Let me tell you, every single prediction they made was 100 percent accurate. In fact, we could not have imagined that it would be worse, but it certainly was. On 24 June last year we had the then Minister of Corrections in front of the Justice and Electoral Committee talking about the Estimates, and even then he had his head in the sand. He was talking about what a great job Serco was doing, saying that everything was fantastic, it had been monitored, and of communication essay, it was just swell. Harmful Effects! Within 7 months Serco was gone.

Its contract was not going to be renewed. OK, so it is still managing the prison for the next 12 months, but, basically, all it is essay, doing is just providing the staff to run Mt Eden Corrections Facility. Paragraph! The Department of of communication, Corrections has taken it over, and so it should. Let me just remind everybody what the Minister who set up Serco said in 2010—and, of course, that Minister was Judith Collins. She stated in 2010: “Serco has a strong track record in managing prisons. I’m confident that the company will bring the high standards of five paragraph essay, professionalism, safety, rehabilitation and security expected by the Government to Mt Eden/ACRP.” Well, are those not famous last words? Everything she said there has been totally wiped.

Nothing that she said in terms of high standards, of history essay, professionalism, of safety, of rehabilitation, or of security measured up to what she said at review, that time. We have heard the story of contraband being brought in, we have had the fight clubs—and the fight clubs have been videoed and put on Facebook. Everything was a disaster. And now that the “tough on crime” rhetoric is history essay, not working, we are heading towards having a muster of 10,000 people in our prisons before the end of next year. We start to wonder why it is that our muster is getting so high. Let us take a look at apa guidelines, the programmes that they have in prisons, but, first of all—and I am reading from the annual report here, at page 134, talking about the programmes—“The rates of some programmes reported are small and below the level of statistical significance;”. Imagine that: programmes in prisons are performing and getting results below the level of statistical significance. In other words, they are not working. Then the report goes on to say: “however, this does not necessarily mean that the particular programme has no impact on re-offending.” Of course, a programme needs to help only one person to of communication not reoffend, out of all the hundreds of thousands who might attend the programme, to say that it is having some positive effect. So that is just nonsense. Collector" By John! The programmes have what they call a rehabilitation quotient, and after a 12-month follow-up only one of the rehabilitation quotients, when it comes to preventing reconvictions, gets to double figures.

There is one rehabilitation quotient for history of communication, the reimprisonment of offenders, and this is the Special Treatment Unit - Child Sex Offender programme. It has a rehabilitation quotient of minus 2.2. I thought, well, what does that actually mean? Because people will read the annual report and ask: “What do these figures actually say?”. I asked written questions of the Minister of Corrections: what does that figure of minus 2.2 mean in terms of offenders?

How many offenders has it helped? Hon AMY ADAMS (Minister of Justice): It is university questions, a great pleasure to come down and take a call in the 2014-15 annual review debate. First of all, I want to history of communication essay begin by just acknowledging the Justice and Electoral Committee, which does a huge amount of five paragraph, work in history of communication this space, and, of course, the Law and Order Committee. I see that the chairs of collector" by John Fowles", both committees—Jacqui Dean, who chairs the history of communication essay, Justice and Electoral Committee, and Kanwaljit Singh Bakshi, who chairs the Law and Order Committee—are present. Review Apa Guidelines! The members on of communication essay, both of those committees do a huge amount of hnd business marketing principles 4 assignment, work in history of communication this sector, and paragraph essay, I do want to acknowledge all of the members on those committees for essay, their diligent work. The role of the justice sector, in my view, is really about reducing harm and victimisation wherever we can and, of course, maintaining trust and literature apa guidelines, confidence in our institutions, and recognising that when people are in history essay contact with the justice sector, it is harmful of smoking, generally not somewhere that they want to be. It is not something that they have chosen for themselves, and it is of communication, our job, I think, to university essay 2008 make sure that we deal with them as fairly and essay, as efficiently as possible and essay harmful effects, allow them to get on history essay, with their lives as soon after that as we can. I think, in that regard, a huge amount of university of chicago questions 2008, work has been going on under the radar that I want to take a moment to reflect on. It is obviously not only about the people using the sector but also about the taxpayers who fund it, and my view is history, that we have to literature work very hard to ensure that our services are as supportive and enabling for our customers and as effective for them as they can be, and of communication essay, efficient for the taxpayers. Novel Fowles"! When I came into the Chamber I heard Jacqui Dean speaking very eloquently about a lot of the work we are doing in family and sexual violence, and members of this Committee will know that I have made this my No. 1 priority in my time as the Minister of Justice.

There is of communication, a huge amount that we could talk about in that space alone but, actually, in this contribution, having heard the contribution from the the collector" novel by John Fowles", chair of the select committee, rather than repeat much of what she touched on, I thought I would focus instead on some of the history essay, areas in the justice sector that perhaps do not get as much visibility, because often it is the smaller, less newsworthy, or less exciting initiatives that we do that make a significant difference. I think some of those really do deserve a little bit of visibility. I talked about the fact that when people come into the court system, they generally want to get through it as efficiently and as fairly as possible, and one of the big focuses for literature review, us has been on of communication essay, reducing the times through the courts. I want to acknowledge the marketing unit, work of history of communication essay, my predecessor in the role of Minister of courts in this regard, Judith Collins, who really kicked off this piece of work. There has been a focus for some time on the by John Fowles", saying we need to of communication essay get the court system operating more quickly and questions, more efficiently than it has been, and I am pleased to report to this Committee that we have made significant progress. If you look at history, the category of review, District Court criminal trials alone, over history essay, the past few years we have managed to essays elie wiesel's reduce the number of cases that have been there more than 2 years by 73 percent—a 73 percent reduction in history of communication essay aged cases. In fact, those sorts of reductions of time are not unique to District Court criminal cases.

The Maori Land Court aged cases are down 35 percent, Employment Court is review apa guidelines, down 30 percent, Environment Court is down 22 percent, and District Court civil originating applications aged cases are down 41 percent. Essay! So there has been a tremendous focus from all of the staff who work in essay harmful effects our court system, and I want to acknowledge them because up and down this country we have thousands of people who work incredibly hard in our courts, all around New Zealand, and they really have a very, very strong focus on getting a better, faster resolution of issues for New Zealanders. Their work has paid significant dividends and they deserve acknowledgment. I also want to comment on of communication, the increased use of audiovisual links. Review Apa Guidelines! Over the year in question that we are discussing, we saw the history of communication essay, continuation of the roll-out of audiovisual links across our courts.

As well as being a very efficient and effective way to use technology and reduce cost, one of the unspoken—well, certainly spoken by me, but perhaps unrecognised—benefits has been the reduction in the number of prisoner transports. So it is principles unit, a reduction in the security and the court time and—actually, helping the victims to find the process easier—through not having to move the of communication, prisoners back and forward often quite long distances. When I was visiting Ms Dean’s electorate in Oamaru we found that youth offenders were being transported from Christchurch, from the youth justice residence Te Puna Wai o Tuhinapo, all the way to Oamaru every time there was a call-over. So, obviously, that is a significant impact. In the use of audiovisual links, just in the area in question, we saw a 25 percent reduction in prisoner transports just from having that system. These are the sorts of figures you do not hear a lot about, but they make a significant difference to both the the collector" novel by John Fowles", offenders in the system and, as I say, the victims, and also the cost and of communication essay, safety of all of our corrections and short harmful effects of smoking, security staff. I can tell this Committee that since the history, year in question the use of audiovisual links has gone up and hnd business unit, up. So we have gone from about 9,000 instances of use in the year in history of communication essay question—that is increasing and we are now up to around 1,000 a month, which I find very encouraging. The most recent court to get its audiovisual links upgrade is the Waitakere District Court, as part of a $3.8 million refurbishment, which we are going to visit shortly. I am very proud of the essay set up, work that we are doing in this space.

JACINDA ARDERN (Labour): I am aware, in rising to history speak on activity within the justice portfolio, that the justice sector is a really fundamental part of essay questions 2008, ensuring you have a fair and just society. That may be seen as a given, but not all justice systems are built equal. In fact, what is incredibly important is that in essay terms of building a society where people have faith in their institutions and ensuring that your justice system is review apa guidelines, transparent, accessible, and representative, we must ensure that we are keeping a constant check on each and every one of those measures. If people cannot have faith in their institutions, then everything is under threat. I think we are seeing examples—Mr Chair, if I could be so bold—with the chaos that ensues if citizens no longer, for instance, feel faith in institutions like those that gather tax revenue. This is history essay, another reason why, for instance, Transparency International uses 12 data sources when assessing a country’s level of corruption and relative corruption, and uses the collector" by John, World Justice Project Rule of Law Index as part of its measure. Taking that into account, in terms of how fundamental it is to ensure that we have a transparent, accessible, robust justice system, how have we fared over the past year within a New Zealand context? I fear that if you survey across the corrections system, policing, courts, and justice, we have a system where people are feeling increasingly like they are unable to access the justice system that is history, meant to short on other of smoking serve them.

Where is the evidence of that? Well, it is pertinent that the Minister of Police has taken the chair, because we have seen a cut in history essay the policing budget in real terms—in real terms, absolutely. The police are having to absorb $300 million in essay on other harmful most recent times into their baseline in terms of a cut, and that is having a tangible impact on the front line—and I know that my colleague will expand on that further. Of Communication! There has been a departure from the notion of community policing, and the Fowles", burglary resolution rates are at an all-time low. But that is not the only the measure of an history of communication, accessible justice system. If you are a small business owner, for instance, and you have someone who breaches a contract with you as a small business and you are left out of pocket, how are you meant to seek redress on the Fowles", that matter other than through the ability to access our court system, our civil court regime? If you are unable to history of communication essay do that in a cost-effective manner, what happens? As a small business, you cut your losses. You shrug your shoulders.

Fundamentally, the rule of law in New Zealand requires that people are able to collector" Fowles" access the justice system to essay ensure that the five set up, law is upheld. It is not just about criminals; it is also about those situations where if someone sees that the cost is too high, they will not access our courts, and the rule of law collapses. We have a situation now where to access our legal aid regime you basically have to be on an income of history, $22,000 or less, essentially. It is becoming increasingly less accessible—I know Louisa Wall will speak on this—but, again, that feeds into this growing problem we have where people have distance from their ability to access justice. That is hnd business marketing, something that should worry each and every one of us. It expands right across the sector; not just contracts. Even in of communication the Family Court, with the hnd business marketing unit 4 assignment, incredible role that it plays as a court of last resort when it comes to custody and property matters, increasingly, there are massive problems, particularly stemming from the reforms that this Government has put in essay place.

These may have been established with the very best intentions—the desire to keep access to the court cost-effective by not having to use a lawyer and by university of chicago essay questions 2008, using mediation processes—but what have we seen as a result of those ill-planned reforms? People are making without notice applications to the court in history of communication essay order to (a) access a lawyer and (b) get to the court quickly, and, as a result, we have an absolute backlog—we have an absolute backlog. The judiciary has been crying out, saying that it is seeing constant failures and that people are coming to the courts representing themselves in unsafe situations. It is a disaster all round, and the Government’s response? “We’ll review it in 2017.” We have massive problems— KANWALJIT SINGH BAKSHI (Chairperson of the Law and Order Committee): Thank you, Mr Chair, for giving me the opportunity to speak in this debate on the justice sector. First of all, I would like to acknowledge the essay harmful of smoking, Ministers for this sector, the Hon Amy Adams and the Hon Judith Collins, for their leadership and history of communication, the work they have been doing in this sector.

I would also like to acknowledge Jacqui Dean, the chair of the Justice and Electoral Committee, who is university of chicago essay questions, doing a fantastic job in that select committee. This Government has been working hard to reduce crime, and of communication, I would also like to acknowledge the police as well as the Department of essays about elie night, Corrections for the work they are doing in helping this Government to achieve its targets in reducing crime. The Government has been taking steps to prevent crime from happening, supporting the vulnerable in our society, and preventing them from of communication essay being victimised. It is the National-led Government’s priority to provide safer communities and focus on reducing the crime rate in harmful this country. I would also like, once again, to say that this Government has been very successful by adding an additional 600 front-line policemen to of communication reduce crime.

Mr Chair, you are one of those members who have been a policeman. As well as being a member of Parliament, you have been a lawyer and you have seen the court system. Literature! Under your leadership of the Justice and Electoral Committee— The CHAIRPERSON (Hon Chester Borrows) : Don’t bring me into this debate, thank you. KANWALJIT SINGH BAKSHI : I would like to mention that during the select committee process of the Law and Order Committee there were issues raised by the Opposition in essay respect of burglaries in New Zealand. A wide range of crimes is five paragraph, dealt with by the police from time to time, and when the history of communication essay, police are called for an offence like a burglary where the offender is still present, the response is immediate. Sometimes the police have to go and handle other cases such as homicides or serious violence cases, and these take priority over crimes like burglary. But wherever the evidence is provided, the police have been successful in their resolution, and they really work hard to make the community safer.

I would also like to touch upon a very important area that this Government has been focusing on, and that is the corrections system. In the select committee process we saw that the Department of Corrections has been doing a fantastic job of reducing the reoffending rate, which has fallen 6.8 percent since June 2011. This means 1,250 fewer offenders returning to the department’s management. The amount of reoffending is down 24 percent as of short harmful effects, December 2015, compared with 2011. The vast majority of prisoners will be released back into our communities, which is why we are committed to ensuring that they do not create one more victim. Through our commitment to of communication essay prisoners’ education, mental health support, training, and addiction treatment, our work in prisons is making a lot of progress. There is no magic bullet for reducing reoffending. the Collector" By John! We are tackling the drivers of crime in a number of ways, and we will continue to do so. Thank you.

Hon JUDITH COLLINS (Minister of Corrections): It is a pleasure to be able to take a call on this matter. I would like to acknowledge my ministerial colleagues involved in the area, particularly Amy Adams, and of communication, also the chair of the Law and the novel by John, Order Committee, Kanwaljit Singh Bakshi; the Justice and Electoral Committee chair, Jacqui Dean; and all of the members of those committees. I know that they are all very hard-working committees. History Essay! I am particularly pleased that the Law and Order Committee is also helping us come up with some solutions—hopefully, cross-party solutions—to some of the collector" by John Fowles", issues around gun crimes and the increasing use of guns, particularly by gang members and serious violent offenders. So it is one of those things where it is good to see a committee working so hard to come up with something, hopefully, very sensible— Tim Macindoe : The public welcomes it.

Hon JUDITH COLLINS : —and the public does welcome that sort of contribution from history essay us. Can I say that it is great to be back in the justice sector, and it is particularly great to of smoking be able to say that one of our four big priorities when we first came into Government was around reducing crime. One of the first things we did was to bring 600 extra front-line police into the New Zealand Police. It made a huge difference, particularly the 300 going into the Counties Manukau, or South Auckland, policing district. What we have seen is a reduction in the crime rate. We sought to reduce violent crime by 20 percent and reduce youth crime by 25 percent by 2017. We have exceeded two of those targets. Since the base period of history, June 2011, the recorded crime rate has fallen by 16 percent, violent crime has fallen by 8 percent, and youth crime has fallen by 38 percent. There are 52,448 fewer crimes now, since that time.

This is hnd business unit 4 assignment, a huge improvement, and in history of communication addition to the collector" that we can always look to do better, as well. Of Communication! I think one of the things that has been very helpful is the use of technology, particularly in the police, around the use of novel by John Fowles", smartphones—first off, iPads, and then smartphones—and actually being able to access information about offenders and being able to input information as the police are at the job and not afterwards. I saw very recently a very good innovation with the smartphones. The police were able to of communication record, with a victim’s consent, the statement of a victim of family violence at her own home immediately following the police having arrived at the house and finding out what had happened. This saves the marketing unit, victim so much effort in having to leave the home, often with children in it, and going into a police station. Of Communication! After all, she has not done anything wrong.

It also helps to prevent the hnd business, offenders and family members from getting to the victim, or trying to stop the victim from continuing to give evidence. History Of Communication! This is something that is being trialled in paragraph Palmerston North. Of Communication! I have been really thrilled to see that it seems to be making a real difference already—particularly for victims, who are then spared this very difficult and tortuous process of having to give a written statement to short on other harmful effects a police officer, often in times of deep distress. One of the good things with this process is of communication, that the police are looking at short essay effects of smoking, the technologies they have and thinking about essay different ways of using them. Often when we look at some of five essay set up, these really good innovations, it is not rocket science, but it does not happen unless we have the technology available and we have an attitude that says that actually police officers can come up with great ideas. Let us trial them and, if they work, let us help them. Family violence is one of our big frontiers when it comes to dealing with crime.

We have 41 percent of police front-line staff time spent on family violence issues. It is around about 20 percent of all police work. It is of communication essay, far too high. At least in this country, like Australia, we do actually acknowledge that it occurs and that it is a very serious problem. But, frankly, we need to do a lot better, and principles unit, that is why the Minister of Justice and I, and other Ministers—17 of us—are involved in cross-Government work in this area. History Of Communication! It is something that should be concerning to us all. In addition to the novel that, I can say I am very pleased with some of the work that has been going on in the Department of Corrections. I know that the Committee will be thrilled to know that Serco paid us $8 million yesterday.

It is so much better to actually get the money than to history of communication essay say it is paragraph essay set up, coming. Guess what? The cheque was not just in the mail; it was there. That was great. Also, we are seeing some really good work going on in rehabilitation, particularly drug and alcohol treatment. History Of Communication! I am really pleased to see that we have been able, in the first term in office, to double the number of university essay 2008, prisoners who can access drug and alcohol treatment from the measly 500, which we inherited, to 1,000, and now that is going to be growing by up to 4,000, hopefully, starting next year. Of Communication Essay! So we are going to put a big effort into that. There is a lot going on in our prisons, too, around working prisons, so that all of our prisons are becoming working prisons. I know that all Kiwis will join with me in a silent cheer when I tell them that some prison directors who have come from overseas—OK; it is the about elie wiesel's night, UK—have said to me things like: “In New Zealand prisoners want to work.” That is, apparently, unusual, but not in New Zealand—our prisoners want to work.

I was really proud of history of communication essay, them when they said that. I thought: “They are good, our Kiwis. Well, OK, some of night, them are very badly behaved, but they want to work.” So that is a good thing. They see work as being of benefit to them, and of course it gives them something—skills—that they would not have otherwise. Just recently I was at Rolleston Prison in Canterbury and saw the 34th house that the Department of Corrections has rebuilt from, in some cases, very damaged properties—Housing New Zealand Corporation houses. It was being trucked out the gate, off to its new home and to its new tenants. That is the sort of work that I think New Zealanders want to see our prisoners doing—learning new skills, getting a great outcome, and helping other people who are actually, in some cases, worse off than themselves.

I hear that that was very well received. We often hear quite a lot about the prison population in history of communication essay New Zealand. I am often hearing it quoted that it is the second-highest in the world. Well, that of course is complete rubbish. What it is is that we are ranked seventh in the OECD for imprisonment rates, and collector" by John Fowles", 72nd in the world. We are nowhere near the second-highest in the world. What would be great is if we were to have fewer people in our prisons, but while they continue to history of communication commit violent crimes and where they continue not to be safe on remand, then they will continue to hnd business principles unit be sent to prison. Of Communication Essay! When they are, then I will be happy to about help house them.

We have had to deal with that, and I think it is essay, probably a good thing that we have been prepared to apa guidelines do that. It is not a good thing that they are committing crime in the first place. There are lots of things, too, that we could do further in this portfolio, and I am really pleased that the Department of Corrections has agreed with me, and I have agreed with the department, that mental health is one of the of communication essay, areas that we need to do better in, in university essay 2008 our prisons. So the House can expect to be hearing more on that. It does not take a rocket scientist to work out that in the late 1980s and history of communication essay, early 1990s when, essentially, modern Western countries decided to empty out the mental institutions, we actually ended up filling up the prisons instead. That should not have been a surprise to anyone, really, but that is short essay on other harmful effects, what happened.

I am not saying “Let’s go back to history those days.”, because these mental institution patients did not have the same rights that people in our prisons have. I think it was a pretty horrendous situation for many people. But do we need more beds for those forensic patients? Yes, obviously, we do. But, unfortunately, it is the short essay on other effects, sort of thing where, in some cases, prison is history, going to be the novel by John, safest place. We are working on something right now, at Auckland prison, at Paremoremo, where there is a very secure unit being built. It is, in fact, going to be able to house and to treat prisoners with mental health issues who do not pass the threshold where they need to go to the Mason Clinic, but who exhibit very serious behaviours, including self-harm and harming others. I am very pleased about of communication essay that. I also want to see more work in the Department of Corrections—and the department certainly agrees—on making sure the Out Of Gate care is better as prisoners leave prison. We do not want to see them back again. There has been a huge improvement in that over the last 7 years, but there needs to be even more.

In particular, we could spend all the money that there is, but actually that will not solve the problem until we deal with the university of chicago, issue of gangs and their influence. If you want to look at who reoffends more, it is gang members. They are twice as likely to of communication essay reoffend as non - gang members and are twice as likely to university of chicago essay questions be in prison for serious violent offences and for the selling of methamphetamine. These are the sorts of situations we are dealing with. This is not just a Department of Corrections problem, it is of communication, not just a police problem, and not just a justice problem. Basically, the way I see it, when families fail, Child, Youth and marketing principles, Family and the social welfare system comes in, and when that fails, so does the justice system. Hon PHIL GOFF (Labour—Mt Roskill): I am really glad the Minister of Police is in of communication the chair because the ethnic communities have asked me to raise directly with her, in the House, the concerns they have about their security, particularly those who are retailers. What they tell me about university of chicago essay questions is the gross inadequacy of the response they are getting to protect them in their communities and on the streets when they have raised matters with the history of communication essay, police. Just a week ago we had the hnd business principles, Indian Central Association conference. History Of Communication Essay! The president raised with me, and the novel by John, with three National colleagues who were there, the fact that they had had a gutsful of the sort of complacent response they were getting from the Government. Essay! It says “It’s all OK because crime is coming down.”, and we have heard that again from the two previous National speakers in the Committee.

The ethnic communities say that this is a Government that is increasingly arrogant and out of touch with what is happening in the community. Let me give the Minister an example of what happened at the meeting we held last Friday night. A lady got up. Her name is Mrs Smruti Patel. She has a superette, the Island Superette, in East Tamaki Road, Otara.

The day before—last Thursday—a robber had broken into the shop, attacked her husband with a hammer, and left him bleeding and seriously injured. She told the meeting that when she rang the five essay, police, they said they were too busy to respond. I find that inexplicable. History Of Communication! I am not sure that that can be right, but she said that, and I had hoped there would be a policeman at that meeting to five essay set up respond to history of communication her because I had written to three Ministers—the Minister of Police, the essays, Minister of Justice, and the Minister in charge of Child, Youth, and Family—and said: “We have got this growing concern. The ethnic community wants your representatives to come along to essay answer the the by John Fowles", questions, to respond, to have dialogue with them, and to hear their concerns.” You know, not one of those departments turned up. History! They all said no. They declined to be there. Essay Harmful Effects Of Smoking! The request we made, and I had made through the Ministers, was respectful; their response was not. Of Communication! We had the case last week of a young Thai girl who had had her iPhone robbed off her. She has a “find your iPhone” app on her iPad.

She found out where the offenders were. She rang the police and said: “Come with me and get my phone back, and arrest the offender.” They said: “No, we won’t.” She had to turn up herself with her taxi driver to about wiesel's night retrieve the phone, and with no police to arrest the people who had robbed her of that phone. I had another case referred to me of a man whose home had been burgled and the burglar had taken his credit card. A service station rang him up and said: “Your credit card’s been used to buy petrol.” He rang the police up and said: “They’ve got it on closed-circuit television. We can find the identity of the offender.” Do you know what happened? The police said “We’re too busy. You’ll have to history of communication go down there and retrieve the footage.”, and he did. He went down and he got it, he took it the short harmful of smoking, police, and they said: “No, that’s not enough evidence.

You’ll have to find some more.” Another man who was at the meeting, Indy Purewal, has a superette in the Minister’s own electorate. On a Friday night 3 weeks ago, the assistant, who was asleep upstairs in his bedroom, was woken up by an offender trying to break in through the window. He rang the police while the man was still there trying to break in, but the police said they were too busy. On the of communication, Sunday, again, the same shop assistant was behind the counter when seven teenagers came marauding into the shop, stealing cigarettes, trying to open the till, and taking the marketing principles unit, goods. I have seen it all on closed-circuit television. He rang up the police and the police said: “We’re too busy to come.” The offenders were still in the vicinity. It was only of communication essay, when the owner, Mr Purewal, turned up and said: “I’m going to hnd business marketing principles unit 4 assignment go out there with a gun and get these …” that the police then came immediately.

But I ask the Minister why that shopkeeper had to do that to get a response. The police tell me that they are too busy, too stretched, and too under-resourced to respond in the way that every New Zealand citizen has the right to essay have the police respond to them when they are under attack. New Zealanders have had a gutsful of this, and they have had a gutsful of the literature apa guidelines, arrogance and history, the complacency and the fact that this Government is the collector" novel by John, so out of touch that it will not respond other than by saying what the Minister of Justice has just said, which is: “It’s all right, crime’s coming down.” If you are the person who is the victim, if you are the person who has been attacked, then that response is not adequate. History! I say to the Minister that it is time she got the resources to the police to get, for example, more than 6 percent of all burglaries resolved. If you are a crook in Auckland and you are stealing from houses, you have got a 94 percent chance of essays about night, getting away with it. Those figures have got worse every year. History Essay! DAVID CLENDON (Green): I am keen to take a call on this justice segment of the debate. We live in short essay on other of smoking a constitutional democracy. We have a robust judicial system, apparently.

We respect the history of communication, rule of essay set up, law. It is unfortunate, however, that in history of communication recent times, particularly in the last couple of years, the whole question of access to that justice system has gone to the forefront of a lot of people’s thinking, particularly in terms of the cost of accessing the justice system and issues of geography. The fact is that where you live in the collector" novel by John New Zealand—your physical location—can be one significant determinant of whether or not you can get a fair shake from the justice system. I think that is unacceptable. The justice community—the judiciary, the essay, legal fraternity, and the like—is an essays wiesel's night, inherently conservative community. Of Communication Essay! By the very nature of what they do they are conservative, which makes it all the more significant that some of the language emerging from that community of interest has been arguably quite radical and quite outrageous in some views. We have been hearing from lawyers themselves and from judges, we are hearing from people who work in the courts, we are hearing from probation officers, and we are certainly hearing from the people who are endeavouring to engage, for whatever reason, with the justice system that the cost is essays elie wiesel's, simply too high. There is insufficient support for the least well-off, who often have the highest needs. We are in of communication real danger of finding a situation where New Zealanders will get the best justice that they can afford. That is an untenable situation for a country like ours to find itself in. Elie Wiesel's Night! One example of that is legal aid.

Most people, if you ask them, will assure you that “Yes, for those who cannot afford a lawyer, we have a good legal aid service.” The threshold for history of communication essay, legal aid is set at such a rate that if a person is working, on average, more than 30 hours a week on the minimum wage, then they are above the income level for legal aid assistance. That is five paragraph essay, a ridiculous proposition. Of Communication Essay! For somebody who will be barely surviving, 30 hours a week on collector", the minimum wage puts you above the income threshold to qualify for legal aid. Of Communication Essay! That is a ludicrous proposition. It is not only the least well-off; even middle-income families are finding it increasingly difficult. Where you get separations and the like and you need the intervention of the courts, it is becoming extremely problematic for people to get into that justice system, and that is unacceptable. It is set up, a result directly of policy and of budget decisions. We need to history of communication do better; we can do better. Even in terms of legal aid, a lot of the larger partnerships that historically have done a significant amount of essays about elie, work—some of it pro bono—are starting to back off because they simply cannot afford the level of history of communication essay, contribution that they are making to subsidise the inadequate budget that is going to the judiciary, to the justice system. the Collector" By John! Smaller partnerships, particularly around Family Courts and the like, are simply struggling.

They cannot take on of communication essay, work where they will be constantly losing money—that is an unacceptable situation. One of the safety nets, the hnd business principles unit, community law centres—and I have engaged with a number of them in just the history essay, last 4 to 6 weeks—are all over-stretched and marketing principles 4 assignment, under-resourced. They are working on goodwill, and inevitably that pool of goodwill will diminish over time when they have simply reached the point of exhaustion and cannot continue to meet the level of demand. In fact, they are not meeting the level of history of communication, demand now because their funding is often insecure and insufficient, and short effects of smoking, it really leaves people with nowhere to go. I think our Labour colleague Jacinda Ardern was commenting on the Family Court issues, particularly the matter of self-representation.

That is essay, a very real and university, growing problem, as is the phenomenon that so many more people are now claiming urgency in history of communication essay order to have legal representation when they enter the Family Court. That is university questions, a perverse outcome, but an entirely predictable one, of the poorly thought-out reforms that we saw in history 2014—18 months to 2 years ago. We need to do a lot better in that sense if we are going to continue to be a country with an accessible and a robust justice system. We need to put the resources where they need to go, and stop pretending and stop denying that there is not a problem. Sadly, that is largely this Government’s response—“There’s nothing to see here. Everything’s roses.” When talking to people on the ground, in the community, and in the judicial system, we know very well that is not the case. I would like to speak briefly about the Department of Corrections.

Again, I make it my business to visit the prisons regularly—[ Bell rung ] Mr Chair. The CHAIRPERSON (Hon Trevor Mallard) : David Clendon. DAVID CLENDON : Excuse me, Mr Chair, I will finish there. The CHAIRPERSON (Hon Trevor Mallard) : OK. Scrub that—by leave. Principles 4 Assignment! Ron Mark. RON MARK (Deputy Leader—NZ First): Well, it is of communication, interesting. Looking at apa guidelines, page 596 of this report, regarding the history of communication essay, 2014-15 annual review of the Department of Corrections , there is a part of me that says that this is like deja vu, is it not? I think back to the time when I was in Opposition over here and I was looking at the Hon Paul Swain, who was the Minister of Corrections. Labour was in Government, and we were talking about the Department of Corrections and what an absolute debacle it was.

I look at this report here and I see the essay, mention of the advanced control and restraint training, which has been very successful. It brings back visions of the “goon squad” in Christchurch, which, among other things, became very infamous for of communication, having initiation tests that required new members to put their penis on the bar at the West Melton pub and withstand it being bashed with a beer bottle. That was the type—and we had Justice Ailsa Duffy’s judicial inquiry into what was known as the “goon squad” in Canterbury, but it was the short, emergency response team. Thankfully, those days have gone. I have to say that, looking at this report, it does beg a question. In those days, the of communication, Department of Corrections was a debacle. Five Set Up! There were many across the House who questioned the history essay, view, which the National Party and the ACT Party touted, that we should have private prisons. Five Paragraph Essay! Looking at of communication, this report here, in this era, in 2016, we see where this Government has indeed privatised a couple of prisons. We read that the private management of prisons has likewise turned out to be a debacle, with the Minister herself saying that she has just received an $8 million cheque, being payment from marketing Serco for its failings, some of which are covered in this report.

So, today, in 2016, what does it lead us to think? It actually leads us in essay New Zealand First to think that, actually, the Department of Corrections has gone through a serious adjustment. The public management of five paragraph set up, our prisons has improved. The leadership team in the department has definitely improved since the history, days of Mr McCarthy and the like. But it is this experiment that has fallen over drastically. I read in this report here that “Serco was fined for failing to meet performance targets in accordance with the contract,”, and then, further down, I see that “The department acknowledged that it was responsible for overseeing the prison and emphasised that it was now focused on essays about elie, making future improvements”, and the Law and history of communication, Order Committee itself questioned the questionable international reputation of the prison management that actually won this contract. Question: what does this Government intend to do? It has tried its experiment. In actual fact, it is the publicly managed prisons that seem to have picked up their game and are doing better, and collector" novel by John Fowles", it is the private prison experiment that has turned out to be a disaster. Of Communication Essay! It would be a very brave Chief Executive of the Department of Corrections to right now stand up and tell the Minister of Corrections and this Government: “Look, mate, the policy’s failed.

It doesn’t work. All the university of chicago essay 2008, predictions that were made about privately managed prisons have come home to roost, and we’d be far better off having prisons managed by history of communication essay, the prison service, the Department of Corrections, as was always the case.” But, unfortunately, New Zealand First does not see any indication that the Government is getting that message or that the department’s management is giving it that message. Indeed, if we read on further, what do we find? We find: “We heard from the harmful, department that it has a contract with Secure Future to design, build, finance, operate and maintain the Auckland South Corrections Facility …”. History! What do I get from that? I get the message that the Government is wedded to its privatisation policy and it will not change, despite what we have seen.

Going further into review apa guidelines, this report, there are a couple of things that we can agree with. History! I agree with the Minister’s comments about short essay harmful rehabilitation, looking at the many drivers around—and here is the comment—the increasing prison population. We are always hearing from this Government that crime is going down and that crime is at record low levels. History Of Communication! Match that statement against a later statement that actually says that the prisons are overflowing. Well, it does not say those exact words, but what it does say is it is “reported that the average prison population in 2014/15 was 8732, which is an increase from 8,460 …”, which in 2013-14 was an all-time high.

It goes on: “This is largely the result of a steady increase in the population of prisoners on remand, and represented 23 percent of the prison population in 2014/15,”. Essentially, that paragraph is saying that although the Government has been insistent that crime is essays elie wiesel's night, going down, our prisons are overflowing. One of these things cannot be true. History! We cannot have overflowing prisons and we cannot be moving to university of chicago 2008 full prisons, talking of building new ones, and having double-bunking if crime is going down, surely. History! Match that against the, the comments that we have just heard from the Hon Phil Goff about police—and I want to get to that as well. If you look at the Department of Corrections and the police hand in hand, and you look at this report and read it, are we succeeding at reducing reoffending? No.

We had a reduction rate peaking at essay, 12.5 percent and it has decreased now to 8 percent, so we are failing at rehabilitation. We talk later on in the the Fowles", report about the effectiveness of rehabilitation programmes that offenders complete, and then, ironically, we talk about how difficult it is to achieve these targets because reintegration is proving to be extremely complex and difficult. But look at the numbers. Out of a $1.25 billion budget, the department is spending only $10 million on reintegration. Go figure. History Essay! If we are not pouring money into reintegration, if our rehabilitation programmes are not working, and if they have dropped from 12.5 percent down to the by John Fowles" 8 percent, is it any wonder that our prisons are overflowing?

It has to be that, because it cannot be that crime is increasing because the Government tells us every day, ad nauseam, that crime is of communication, reducing. It is Fowles", down to something like 32 percent, I think I heard was one figure. Let us get real. Let us be honest and truthful about it. Crime is not reducing.

Did anyone watch television last night and watch the news? Four of the five most dangerous places to be are in Auckland. Why? Because you are liable to get the bash. We hear day after day after day about storekeepers, corner dairy owners, and superette owners being attacked at their place of business and police not responding. We hear continually that in rural provincial New Zealand police stations are—well, they are not quite being closed; they are just not open for business. We are hearing continually that people are calling police and getting frustrated that no one responds. What does all that mean? If, fundamentally, you are not responding and if you are not reacting and of communication essay, catching bad guys and literature apa guidelines, charging them, then crime will go up and your prisons will overflow, and if the of communication essay, reintegration and the—crikey, I am losing my track now. If the reintegration and paragraph set up, the corrective programmes are not working, then your prisons will fill up and overflow. Fundamentally, if we were to do a report card right now, in 2016, on this Government’s performance on the Department of history essay, Corrections—on its rehabilitation programmes and on its reintegration programmes—it has failed.

No amount of paragraph essay, fluff and bumf and denial from the history essay, Government can change this report. It is university 2008, what it is. History Essay! I would say to the Government that it is time, actually, if we want to get crime down and if we want to set up get reoffending down, to seriously focus on reintegration programmes. We do have to of communication essay step up the unit 4 assignment, game on the rehabilitation programmes, and we do have to make sure that we are catching people and locking them up, and make sure that justice is being seen to be done and that law and order is being seen to be maintained. If we fail to do those basics, we will continue to build more prisons, we will continue to of communication double-bunk, and we will continue to sit in this House—it does not matter whether it was 2002, 2005, or now, in 2016—arguing amongst ourselves as to who has done better with law and order and arguing as to whether the public in general is safer and better off for it. This report is a sad report. It is a fail. I would say to the new Minister of Police and Minister of Corrections that she has got a big task on her hands. Of Chicago 2008! I feel sorry for the former Minister of Corrections. I think he got a hospital pass.

Some might say that he was unfairly set up to fail. But the facts speak for themselves. We have failure in essay law and order at both ends— STUART NASH (Labour—Napier): Let me tell you a story about a member in this House who was driving on a street in university of chicago 2008 Whangarei on Friday evening at 5.30 with his wife, his 4-year-old daughter, and his 13-year-old daughter. A woman ran a stop sign, smack into the side of his truck, and it wrote the truck off. Of Communication Essay! He phoned up the hnd business marketing, police. Heaven forbid—there was no one injured, thank goodness. History! He phoned up the police.

The police said: “We’re too busy to come.” This was one street away from the brand new Whangarei police station that the Minister of Police had opened—one street away from the police station, and the police said to him: “We’re too busy to come, but make sure you report it to short of smoking the police within 72 hours.” The witnesses who came over, and this member himself, smelt alcohol on history, this woman’s breath, and the police were too busy to come. Essay Set Up! I ask you, is this the sort of service we expect from of communication our police? Is this the 4 assignment, sort of society we have now come to? Mr Goff has told about six stories of New Zealanders in trouble—in trouble. What do New Zealanders do when they are in trouble? We learn, from essay as soon as we can dial the phone, to dial 111.

Every single one of Mr Goff’s people did that, and no one turned up because the police are too busy. Whenever a Minister assumes a portfolio, he or she is given something called a briefing to the incoming Minister. Judith Collins got one when she reassumed the police ministry in November, and the No. Essays Elie! 1 priority in that briefing was not solving crime, was not resolution rates, was not more cops, and history of communication, was not more stations. It was fiscal sustainability. Hnd Business 4 Assignment! The police sent a very clear message to the Minister, saying: “We are in trouble. We do not have enough money to of communication do the job.” We can see this in the crime statistics, and of chicago questions, we can also see this in the messages the police themselves are sending us. I want to say that I have immense respect for the police officers who keep our community safe. They are hugely committed. They are very passionate about their communities, but they are stretched. In the biennial Police Association survey, last undertaken in December of history of communication essay, last year, 74 percent of Police Association members said that they were dissatisfied with the number of front-line staff—74 percent were dissatisfied with the number of front-line staff.

And 86 percent of Police Association members—so these are the police themselves—are saying that front-line officers are under-resourced. But even worse, I think, is that 27 percent of hnd business principles unit 4 assignment, police—that is, one in four police officers—believe there is a risk of service failure at the front line due to recent cuts. History Of Communication! We have a real problem, and this needs to marketing principles unit be addressed by giving the of communication, police the resources they require to do the job. Recently, the Counties Manukau crime prevention manager blamed the media for the increase in burglaries in essays March of essay, this year. He said: “The media around burglaries has been one of the contributing factors to the increase of burglaries because people think it’s a crime they can get away with.” I do not believe that criminals undertake a detailed risk analysis to determine what they can and cannot get away with. What I would say is that the marketing principles 4 assignment, media’s analysis of this has perhaps led to a general waning of confidence in the police, and this is history essay, something that needs to be addressed under urgency. In fact, from 2013 to 2015 the public’s trust and confidence in the police dropped from about wiesel's night 81 percent to 75 percent. Admittedly, that is a lot higher than, say, the 25 percent that politicians get, but firemen have a public trust and confidence level of 93 percent and of communication essay, ambulance officers 92 percent. Set Up! Sir Robert Peel said that the public are the police and the police are the public. History Essay! The police do operate well when the public believe that communities are safe.

When members of the public see that only 8.7 percent of burglaries in five paragraph set up Wellington are solved, then they have good reason to be concerned. When they see that about 6 percent of all burglaries in Auckland are solved, then they have reason to be concerned. There are basically two facets to policing: you have got the traditional “let’s lock ’em up” facet and then you have got the community policing. What we have seen just recently is the community policing— LOUISA WALL (Labour—Manurewa): It is history of communication, a privilege for me to five essay speak as part of Labour’s “Team Justice”. I would like to history essay acknowledge Jacinda Ardern, Kelvin Davis, Phil Goff, Stuart Nash, Su’a William Sio, Peeni Henare, and of chicago questions 2008, myself. My particular delegations are in the courts and legal aid areas, and what I have been really interested to find out, actually, is that the whole objective of the justice reforms has been about history essay saving $250 million. In 2011 the Ministry of Justice oversaw legal aid. I would like to acknowledge my colleague the review apa guidelines, Hon Phil Goff because in 2005, when he was the Minister of Justice, what Labour did was actually expand eligibility for legal aid because we wanted to ensure that low-income working families had access to this money as well. When National came in it saw it as a liability—a $173 million liability—so the history essay, first thing it did was change the eligibility criteria. For National, the imperative was to get the cost down to $100 million.

What has that seen? Actually, you now have to essay earn under $22,000 to history of communication essay qualify. One of the big issues we have in paragraph the area is around protection orders. If you are a woman who needs a protection order, you do not automatically get eligibility to apply for legal aid to get a protection order. The Minister of Justice’s response was that women can do it for themselves, but if you go on the Ministry of Justice website it actually says you should engage a lawyer—it is a legal process. One of the other unintended consequences—who knows—of this whole reframing of history essay, access to legal aid has been an increase in self-representation. One of the paragraph set up, first things I did was go and talk to of communication an expert, a woman called Bridgette Toy-Cronin. She is a PhD graduate from the University of paragraph set up, Otago. She works in the legal issues centre, and I want to commend Mark Henaghan and his group from of communication essay Otago University for actually highlighting a whole lot of issues in our criminal justice system. What she said was: “There is a difference between access to courts and access to justice. Self-representation allows access to courts, but access to justice within the review, system is an entirely different matter.

It is one thing to get in the door and another having the ability to get the necessary resources or advice to understand the legal system.” This was reinforced by Chris Moore, President of the New Zealand Law Society, who actually said that this phenomenon had happened because of an inability of people to get legal aid. The other interesting commentator, in March last year, was Chief High Court Judge Justice Helen Winkelmann, who actually sounded a warning about under-represented litigants, or people representing themselves in history of communication essay court. She actually said that this posed “a serious challenge to the civil justice system”. It makes it less efficient, and from some of essay questions, my meetings with judges and other people engaged in this sector, I think the reforms have been a complete debacle. Yesterday I was with Judge Harvey. He has got a particular passion for access to justice through IT.

I think there is merit in some of history of communication essay, his proposed reforms. Actually, if I look at the reforms that have been incredibly successful in the justice system, they have actually come about because judges, who know the system intimately, have proposed some of the reforms that are working. One such reform is the alcohol and other drug treatment court that—I am just trying to remember her name; she is from west Auckland—Judge Tremewan has championed. the! The whole objective is about reducing reoffending and reducing dependency on alcohol and other drugs. Of Communication! It is about reducing imprisonment and it is about being cost-effective, and I think that the hnd business 4 assignment, findings so far have been that it has been an incredibly important addition to the justice system and is actually treating people who need help. So that is kind of the medical aspect of the justice system.

It is not making them criminals or treating them as criminals, but it is actually addressing the underlying causes so that we can address issues such as recidivism. In terms of my courts portfolio, it has been really interesting to actually think about the history of communication essay, court. I went to principles unit 4 assignment the Manukau District Court only the other day. I intend to go to the courts as part of my responsibility and to get a feel for what being in a court is like. I have never been in one myself, but I look forward to doing that. One of the issues that has been highlighted is that the centralisation of the Family Courts in Auckland has been a complete disaster. Some clients cannot get into Auckland City, and those who do have to pay $24 to history of communication park there for the day. I think what we are finding is that a lot of the reforms that this Government has introduced in the justice sector have been completely driven by economic imperatives. Maori, Other Populations and Cultural Sector.

The CHAIRPERSON (Hon Trevor Mallard) : Nuk Korako. It is necessary to say some words, as well as nod. NUK KORAKO (Chairperson of the Maori Affairs Committee): Kia ora. I was just rising to my feet and waiting for principles 4 assignment, you to finish. Of Communication Essay! Tena koe.

Huri noa i Te Whare nei, e mihi atu ki a koutou katoa. I am happy to lead the debate on the annual reviews for the Maori, other populations, and cultural sector. Essay! As chair of the of communication essay, Maori Affairs Committee I want to focus my contribution on the Maori development portfolio, and specifically those annual reviews undertaken by university of chicago, the Maori Affairs Committee. We carried out annual reviews of Te Puni Kokiri, Te Reo Whakapuaki Irirangi, and history of communication essay, Te Taura Whiri i te Reo Maori. When it comes to Te Puni Kokiri, this is a ministry that is doing well, and we have seen further progress on its restructuring and better results around the use of contractors last year. I do want to note that I think there is more that can be done to promote the development of the Maori economy. In carrying out the annual review of Te Puni Kokiri, it is very clear that this is an agency that is paragraph essay, very comfortable, and for the most part does a very good job, with its role in promoting Maori culture, education, and health.

What would be good, though, to see in the future is a greater focus and greater drive applied to the ministry’s responsibilities for promoting growth in the Maori economy. The other agencies we reviewed came before the committee against the backdrop of history, Te Ture mo Te Reo Maori / the Maori Language Act. Te Reo Whakapuaki Irirangi, or Te Mangai Paho, as it is elie wiesel's night, better known, is anticipating a role in history of communication developing Maihi Karauna, the Crown’s Maori language strategy, under the essay harmful effects, Maori Language Act. We were impressed by the agency’s readiness to work under the new legislation and to work positively to influence how the broadcasting sector responds to history of communication this strategy. There were several other areas for which the agency deserves real recognition. One is the way that it is looking towards the future of radio, which is in the digital sphere, and pushing iwi radio stations to embrace technical technology and the change that comes with it.

I was also particularly impressed with how focused the the collector" novel, agency is on essay, increasing the normalisation of Te Reo Maori in everyday life. For example, it rejected the suggestion that a quota for Maori language content should be imposed on radio, and instead reiterated its focus on increasing normalisation of Te Reo Maori. Te Taura Whiri i te Reo Maori—the Maori Language Commission—also discussed the paragraph, Maori Language Bill when it appeared before the Maori Affairs Committee. Like Te Mangai Paho, Te Taura Whiri i te Reo Maori expressed its readiness for the enactment of the new legislation, and its willingness to change in response to it. There were a number of essay, issues raised in Te Taura Whiri i te Reo Maori’s review. The chief executive role was vacant for the collector" by John, over a year, until last September, and there has been some instability in other staffing, possibly resulting from the vacancy at the top. Last year Te Taura Whiri i te Reo Maori told us that the appointment of a new chief executive would, hopefully, decrease the staff turnover. It appears that this was the case, and the agency is once again fully staffed. The new chief executive has also been working on staff morale and the office’s performance and preparing staff for a change under the Maori Language Bill.

We also believe that the history, appointment of a chief executive and the other new staff who have come on board would put Te Taura Whiri i te Reo Maori on track to rectify some of the deficiencies identified by the Auditor-General. the Novel Fowles"! I look forward to seeing continued improvement in these areas when Te Taura Whiri i te Reo Maori comes to the Maori Affairs Committee next year. It has been pleasing to see all of these agencies making progress towards their objectives over the year. I commend the hard work that their leaders and staff have been doing. I finish with this whakatauki: He huka mata ano mo te pouka—fortune favours the of communication, brave. the Fowles"! That is exactly what this is history, about. Kia ora. MARAMA DAVIDSON (Green): Kia ora, Mr Chair. It is my absolute honour to be the second speaker, after our chair of the Maori Affairs Committee, Nuk Korako, delivered the the collector" novel, initial speech—this is a first.

Kia ora to history the Committee and to all of my colleagues. Maori well-being is what I would like to focus on. Review Apa Guidelines! Maori thrive when we are connected to essay our land, our language, and collector" novel, our people—being our marae, our hapu, our iwi, and/or our communities. So Maori understand this. Well-being, then, for essay, Maori, requires us all to believe that a fairer future is possible—a future that will keep us connected and will reconnect us to those very things that make us who we are and keep us alive. So I want to focus on the Green Party as being a big part of what is possible, because good change is absolutely 100 percent possible. Literature Apa Guidelines! Now I am going to reflect on why we need change. Too many people are struggling and Maori are overrepresented in those who are struggling, and that includes Maori children. If we look at housing, I came in on a platform of reminding us about the hardship, particularly for Maori women and children, in housing. I have said constantly that I think about of communication essay friends of of chicago essay 2008, mine who are Maori mothers with their children living in history of communication essay the garages of my other friends, living in essays elie night cars, and struggling to essay just get by short essay harmful, every day. That is simply not good enough.

We know that, for example, the number of food parcels being given out to of communication families has increased, and the work of the Salvation Army I completely acknowledge here. But also, again, that is not good enough. Just in question time today we had the Prime Minister quite gleefully reminding us about how the economy is supposedly growing. So why then have we still got too many tamariki living in poverty, too many of whom are Maori? Why would we ever stop and even say that our economy is the novel by John Fowles", growing while these things continue to history of communication happen to hnd business unit Maori? So, in of communication essay my role as spokesperson for Maori development for the Green Party, I absolutely want to five paragraph essay stand and history of communication essay, remind us that a fairer future is possible, and why that is literature review, necessary. It is necessary for me as a Maori woman in Parliament to remember that all of us have a responsibility to make good change. Maori, as kaitiaki, understand that our hopes and dreams include a cleaner environment that we are having to look after. I welcome the history essay, news of my Tai Tokerau colleague Kelvin Davis and his survey in the north of my Tai Tokerau people, where 86 percent oppose deep-sea oil drilling, because Maori also understand that deep-sea oil drilling can never be part of a sustainable economy and can never be part of a just society. So I am pleased, and have always seen, that Maori are capable of leading the way in review apa guidelines good change.

Thank you. Although I commend the work of Minister Te Ururoa Flavell and the changes and the positive steps with things like Whanau Ora, unfortunately, the Minister is hampered by a National Government whose economy is history essay, not working for everybody. And if an economy is essays about night, not working for everybody, then it is not working. That is all that can be said about that, so I put it back to this Government. The solutions are there, and the Green Party has long worked on them. We can build the smartest houses, the best houses. We can have the smartest, cleanest, and most sustainable economy. We can protect our rivers and clean them up for essay, our children to swim in. The Greens have long understood that the solutions and the ideas exist, and we see the ideas and the leadership in the community.

In Glen Innes, for five essay, 4 years in a row, I have supported river talks, where the community— The CHAIRPERSON (Hon Trevor Mallard) : Order! I am going to of communication essay interrupt. I have signalled to the member before that she has to stay closer to the debate than she has been. MARAMA DAVIDSON : Fair enough, thank you. So I want to emphasise that when it comes to the well-being for Maori, the literature review apa guidelines, Green Party understands what that requires. The Green Party understands the political will and leadership that is required for us to ensure— PEENI HENARE (Labour—Tamaki Makaurau): Excellent choice, Mr Chair. Thank you very much for of communication, allowing me this opportunity to contribute to short essay harmful this debate.

The CHAIRPERSON (Hon Trevor Mallard) : I might do it again. History Essay! PEENI HENARE : Te Puni Kokiri, sadly, does not know whether it is Arthur or Martha. Once upon a time, the direction and the leadership for Te Puni Kokiri was very clear. It knew what its job was—its job was to grow a sustainable Maori economy. Today Te Puni Kokiri is being asked to be a social services arm. It is being asked to become a Te Reo Maori assessor.

It is being asked, also, to continue its work in the economic space. I take the words of the principles unit, member and the chair of the Maori Affairs Committee, Nuk Korako, who would like to see more of that take place at Te Puni Kokiri. But, sadly, that is history, not going to happen under the current leadership. It is not going to happen when you are forcing a traditionally excellently performing ministry, in Te Puni Kokiri, to do so many other things. It does not know whether or not it is Arthur or Martha. Te Ture mo Te Reo Maori Act has just come in. The member has spoken about Te Taura Whiri i te Reo Maori and collector", some of the problems that were faced by history of communication, Te Taura Whiri i te Reo Maori around staffing, and, of course, we know that the chief executive position was vacant for some time.

However, it got a chief executive and hnd business marketing, I do understand that it is back to a full complement of staff. But this means nothing when its budget has been slashed to create a new entity, Te Matawai. Although I am all for progressing and history of communication, revitalising Te Reo Maori—I am a huge Te Reo Maori champion—I do not believe, however, that Te Reo Maori is going to reach the pinnacles that we hope it will. Why I say that is because there is a lack of leadership on this matter. We have talked about a Maihi Karauna strategy, or a Crown strategy, and 2008, a Te Reo Maori strategy. Well, the legislation does not give the strategy.

The Government is yet to work the of communication essay, strategy out. It is prepared to give Te Matawai 3 years to see whether or not it will come up with a strategy, and to see whether or not the number of speakers of Te Reo Maori will lift or continue to of smoking decrease, as trends have shown. Our research has shown that in that 3 years the number of conversational Maori speakers will drop by of communication, 1 percent, falling to a very critical level of just under 20 percent. University! We know that in order for of communication, Te Reo Maori to short on other harmful of smoking grow and to thrive, you need a critical mass speaking Te Reo Maori. Experts in history of communication essay the field tell us that that critical mass must be at 35 percent. So why, then, under this Minister for Maori Development and this Government, did we not have that aspiration play out in essays elie the set-up of Te Matawai and the debate of the bill—that we want to see Te Reo Maori speakers in history this country grow to literature review apa guidelines a number of 35 percent?

I am afraid there is a lack of leadership on that matter. Back to Te Puni Kokiri. I think it is doing a great job. It, just like Te Taura Whiri i te Reo Maori, has had issues around staffing. And it is not just any old staff member; it has had vacancies in the leadership group of history, Te Puni Kokiri—in key positions to lead and drive Te Puni Kokiri. The ministry told the Maori Affairs Committee that it will work hard to fill those, and I understand that it has made some progress there. University Of Chicago! But if it has made progress there, then why is essay, it that in the past financial year Te Puni Kokiri has spent $8 million on consultants—$8 million on consultants—to carry out the work of Te Puni Kokiri instead of focusing on filling those key leadership roles to provide leadership from this Government and paragraph essay, the Minister to of communication essay Te Puni Kokiri to allow it to do its work correctly?

All of this $8 million to set up consultants—we have raised several times since the last election this issue about the excess being spent on consultants. And what are they giving? What are they providing? Well, we would argue, on this side of the Chamber, that what they are actually providing, in essay many instances, is flawed advice. I say that with respect to Te Ture Whenua Maori Bill. I want to mention Te Ture Whenua Maori Bill because all of the harmful effects of smoking, advice given to the Minister has just allowed him to fool himself into thinking he can bulldoze this piece of legislation through the Parliament and that he can force it on to the people, despite the people being very clear to this Minister and to this Government that what they are proposing is wrong and that what they are proposing is history, actually going to further alienate Maori land.

That is not acceptable. I am on a trust that administers a large amount of Maori land, and we have looked through the bill that is to be proposed by the Minister, and we too have very strong concerns about the intention of the bill. Why do we not listen to the experts? Why do we not listen to those who actually work with the bill every day—organisations like the Maori Land Court, people like the judges in the Maori Land Court, and people like the lawyers who have forged careers in this space? Why do we not listen to them? Well, I can tell you that this Minister and review apa guidelines, this Government are not listening to history of communication them. Instead, what they gone and done is university essay, said: “Let’s have hui across the history of communication essay, country. Literature! Let’s just go through a box-ticking exercise. We’ll engage with the Maori people on Te Ture Whenua Maori Bill, but, I’ll tell you what, let’s meet at the Langham Hotel.”—that must be the flashest marae I have ever seen, the Langham Hotel—“I know another place where we can meet.

Let us meet in a bunker at an airport in the hope that we can have meaningful consultation with the Maori people around Te Ture Whenua Maori Bill. Once that is all done, and we have ticked all the boxes, we are now going to say that the Maori people agree.” I beg to differ. Of Communication Essay! That is not the view of our people with regard to Te Ture Whenua Maori Bill. Sure, they want to be able to feel empowered to make decisions for themselves. Sure, they want to be able to manage their land to five paragraph set up make sure that they receive benefits from it. History Essay! But it works only if you go through a solid process—a solid process—that will create a foundation for the collector" by John, that to happen and create a foundation to empower our people, the Maori people, to history make meaningful contributions to the economy, to seek self-determining means by way of building their own value and their own assets. But what the questions, exercise of Te Ture Whenua Maori Bill has actually proven to history members on this side of the Chamber, and, of course, to the rest of the country, is this Government’s overall failure to collector" make sure that you go through due process.

We have sat in this House many times now explaining to many iwi who come here to settle their Treaty grievances—and we look them in the eye and we say to them—“Kia kaha. This is full, this is fair, and of communication essay, this is final.” Yet what we are seeing now is all of a sudden there is a flip-flop from this Government, which says: “Oh, heck. Actually, we may have rushed this through. Maybe we didn’t quite get it right the first time. So let’s revisit it.” What have we seen? We have seen the right of first refusal on homes and on land in Tamaki-makau-rau. That is a classic example. What else have we seen?

Te Ohu Kaimoana going to court over the Kermadec Ocean Sanctuary. This, after the fisheries settlement in 1992 that said it was full, fair, and final. Review! Now, all of a sudden, because of the history essay, decisions made by this Government, Maori are feeling like victims again. Their rights are being taken away from short on other effects them. Their ability to voice their concerns is history of communication, being silenced, and short of smoking, what this points to is this Government’s failure to lead properly and to lead correctly on history of communication, true Maori development. What exactly does that mean? It means allowing Te Puni Kokiri to do what it is supposed to university essay do. Also, in of communication conclusion, I want to just briefly mention Whanau Ora.

We all agree with Whanau Ora. About Night! We want Whanau Ora to work. Essay! Recently, we have heard of the tragic case about university of chicago essay 2008 that young Maori boy called Moko, who passed away through tragic circumstances, through people not caring for our most vulnerable. We want Whanau Ora to get into these houses and to get into these communities to make sure that those people—the most vulnerable in our country—are protected and that those who need the of communication, help get the help that they need. University Questions! However, I do not believe this is happening under Whanau Ora. I do not believe that this Government is of communication, showing true leadership on Whanau Ora to make sure that those people, like young Moko, and the families who are dealing with a lot of of smoking, our most vulnerable get the service and get the of communication, help that they require. Hon Peseta SAM LOTU-IIGA (Minister for the by John, Pacific Peoples): It is a privilege to speak in this debate, and history essay, I am particularly honoured to speak to paragraph essay Whanau Ora, which the previous speaker, Peeni Henare, referred to.

He said he did not know what Whanau Ora is doing. Well, Whanau Ora is touching over history of communication, 5,000 whanau and of chicago essay, families across New Zealand in the 2015 financial year. I cannot talk for the two Maori commissioning agencies, but I can talk to Pasifika Futures. In Pasifika Futures there were over 2,200 families connected via navigator support. Its focus was on giving families financial independence—giving them financial independence. It reported that of those families that it connected with where they prioritised economic independence, 29 percent of them reduced their debt during that period. So it is helping families get independence. We are helping families into jobs, and we are helping families and their children, their whanau, become independent.

Pasifika Futures also engaged with over 200 families in terms of giving small grants projects. History Essay! Those grants projects were to assist those families with a hand up, not a handout. They are working alongside other agencies to help those whanau become enabled and become more self-reliant. I want to turn to university essay the Pacific portfolio because as the of communication, Minister I am proud of the about elie night, work that our ministry, the Ministry for Pacific Peoples, has done over the last year. History! I am proud because Pacific New Zealanders have become better educated. Under the National Government, more and more Pacific people are working than at any time in our history, and we know that it starts with education. It starts with early childhood education, where Pacific participation rates are now over 90 percent. The participation rates in early childhood education are over 90 percent, and that is something that we can be proud of. the Novel By John! We know it starts young. We know it starts in the families, at home, and history of communication, we know it starts in our churches.

It is done through support by those early childhood education providers—and I have visited a number of Pacific providers in my time as Minister. They are people with good hearts, good intentions, who are providing our kids with not just an early childhood education but language skills in apa guidelines our aoga amata, and they are teaching them Pacific values and Pacific language, culture, and heritage. I want to history of communication talk about the work that the ministry does in terms of the of chicago questions, seven Pacific language weeks that are conducted throughout the year. The Samoan Language Week will begin again at the end of May, leading into Samoan Independence Day. Our ministry works alongside community organisations in order not just to promote the language among Pacific people but also to promote Pacific languages to other New Zealanders—non-Pacific people who can enjoy, who can thrive, and learn a Pacific language—because we are a Pacific nation. Aotearoa New Zealand is a Pacific nation.

Pacific people contribute to and they are part of the rich social and economic fabric of history of communication, this nation. The Pacific language weeks are an opportunity for all New Zealanders to enjoy that Pacific language, enjoy the Pacific culture and heritage, and also enjoy Pacific dance, arts and craft, and rich Pacific food, which I am quite partial to. It starts with early childhood education, and our Well Child before-school check rates are some of the essays about wiesel's night, highest in New Zealand. History Of Communication! It starts with immunisation rates that are over Fowles", 90 percent. They are over history essay, 90 percent because Pacific health providers and the, Pacific family and whanau see the value in giving our kids the best start that they can get, not just in early childhood education but also in terms of immunisation and health care and health provision. We also know that Pacific employment is up. Essay! Around 123,500 Pacific people are currently employed in New Zealand today. That is the most in any time in questions 2008 our history. It is a 10 percent increase, year on year, for the year to the end of December 2015, and it is because we have a strong focus on education. This Government has a strong focus on employment.

We are about growing our economy, growing jobs, and growing families and supporting families. The best way we can support our families is to give them a job, because all our families are looking to do is to raise their kids in history of communication essay this great country of ours, feed them, clothe them, nurture them, care for them, and love them. Paragraph Essay Set Up! The best way they can do that is when they are meaningfully employed. When they are not meaningfully employed, we can support them too because we are the first Government to raise benefits in the last 42 years. We have the compassion to history of communication look after those people who cannot look after themselves. But, having said that, we are about promoting Pacific employment. the Collector" Novel By John! I am proud that there are more Pacific people now working in this country than ever before. The reason is history essay, that we have seen a huge increase in Pacific achievement in education. When National became the Government, our National Certificate in Educational Achievement level 2 rates were around 50 percent. They are now around 75 percent, so we have seen a 50 percent increase in those achievement rates.

We have seen the number of Pacific students enrolled in qualifications at Bachelor level or higher. It was about 9,000 in 2008 and it is now well over 13,500. So we have seen another substantial increase in the number of those taking up tertiary level study. On Other Harmful Effects Of Smoking! We have also seen that course completion rates at all levels are up to 74 percent in of communication 2014. the Novel Fowles"! This is one of the success stories of this National Government—that we have promoted and history, we have encouraged and we have supported Pacific and Maori people to succeed and achieve. Is our job done? No, there is a long way to go, but what I can say is apa guidelines, that we are doing remarkably well under this National Government compared with under the previous Labour Government. One of the areas that we need to work on—but that is history of communication essay, coming down—is the area of “neets”. For those who do not know who “neets” are, it is those who are not in employment, education, or training.

One of the more innovative things that this Government has done is support those organisations that support young people into essays about, jobs or into training. The Pacific Employment Support Services scheme, which was run under our National Government—over 5 years this programme had just under 1,500 individual Pacific youth who participated in the programme, and the statistics are quite encouraging. Of those 1,400, 709 were placed into employment, with 463 of these achieving sustainable employment—“sustainable employment” is 6 months’ continuous employment—450 were put into training, and 72 percent of those participants achieved an employment or training placement. Those are the types of history essay, interventions that this Government has engineered, that this Government has put together, alongside Pacific providers. We have got a strong Pacific health sector. We have got a strong sector around social services. It is that type of investment, using the essay questions, investment approach that we do in justice, that we have done in social welfare, and we are doing right across the history of communication essay, social services sphere. It is that type of investment where we put in $4.88 million that will result in long-term liability to harmful effects the Government being reduced by $18.8 million. This is not just about the numbers; it is about people being put into training, being put into jobs, and being better able to support their whanau and history essay, families. Ultimately, that is night, what this National Government stands for.

We stand for stronger families, stronger communities, and, ultimately, a stronger nation. Thank you. JOANNE HAYES (National): I stand to make a brief contribution on history, the Maori, Other Populations, and Cultural Sector. I just want to novel by John talk about some areas around the Treaty settlements, because since 2008, when this Government came into power, it has dedicated itself to completing as many Treaty settlements as it could, based on the number of of communication essay, iwi who wished to set up settle with this Government. History! Currently, we have 86 percent of claimant groups that are now mandated. We have 79 deeds of settlement with iwi, of which 53 have been signed since 2009. The Crown is in essays elie settlement work with 60 groups at the moment. We have 10 Treaty bills in of communication the House at the moment, and by 2017 we are looking to have achieved our target of settling with all of those iwi who wish to settle.

I want to talk a little bit about the Maori economy through the He Kai Kei Aku Ringa, which is a group put together by of chicago essay, the Minister of Maori Affairs and of communication, the Minister for Economic Development in 2011. It is an independent Maori economic development panel and it is tasked with developing Maori economic strategy and five set up, an action plan. While it has been pulling together this particular strategy, which was released in 2012—and around about that time the history of communication essay, Maori economy was about $36.9 billion. Today, as I stand here, the Maori economy is worth about $40 billion and rising, and short essay harmful effects, it ranges across a number of classes: 40 percent in history of communication forestry, 38 percent in fishing quota, 30 percent in land production, 12 percent of literature, beef and sheep units, 10 percent of essay, dairy production, 10 percent of kiwifruit, with further ownership in geothermal, digital services, education, and tourism. This is a Government that has been doing a lot of of chicago essay questions 2008, work with Maori—with them, for history essay, them—and we should be celebrating that in this Committee today. When I start to look at the Maori farming side of things through the Federation of Maori Authorities—known as “FOMA”—we have, as of 30 June 2011, 140 members in that group, with 568,000 sheep, 79,000—nearly 80,000—beef cattle, and about 40,000 dairy cattle. We have forestry plantations.

We have iwi who are part of the central North Island, or what they call the “Treelords”, deal. There are so many excellent things that have been happening through the Maori sector that have not been actually celebrated in these annual review debates in this House, and I stand very proud of the work that has been going on. Let us also have another look at the regional growth programmes. We have regional plans in Tai Tokerau, Northland—they have been released—the Bay of Plenty, East Coast, Gisborne, and essays about wiesel's night, Hawke’s Bay, Manawatu, Whanganui, and the West Coast. History Essay! We have digital platforms, ultra-fast broadband, the Rural Broadband Initiative, and infrastructure through Maori through the Matihetihe Marae in Mitimiti in Northland. There is the Maori Information and Communications Development Fund and five, the digital literacy initiatives. We have education success happening for our Maori people in this country, and it has all been because of the policies that have been going on with the National Government.

As I stand here, again I want to say that we have a $4 million innovation fund. History Essay! It is an investment for Maori innovation and Maori-led science and innovation. This fund invests in programmes because we want to see our Maori kids picking up science and technology like any other child in this country. We have it innate and inborn in us. I am a science student myself. I have got a science degree. It is all part and parcel of who we are. It comes naturally. Biological science, physics, chemistry—you name it, we are there. So some of that fund is going into literature apa guidelines, some indigenous innovation around the environment, health, and also matauranga—exploring indigenous knowledge.

I am pleased to stand here. Again, I am pleased to stand here and talk and essay, raise the roof off this Chamber, because what we are doing for Maori has been much more than what the hnd business marketing unit 4 assignment, previous Government ever did for Maori. Thank you very much. PITA PARAONE (NZ First): It is my pleasure to participate in essay this debate on behalf of New Zealand First and to talk about the short harmful effects of smoking, Ministry of Maori Development. Can I say that I must be living in history essay a different world in essays about elie wiesel's night Whangarei and in Tai Tokerau because, as Maori, we feature highest on the social indices. Unemployment is the highest in terms of Maori. Economic development, although it is making some headway, still has got a long way to go.

The other most important social thing is housing. I can recall an era when the Department of Maori Affairs used to provide 200 homes where families actually moved in and owned the home. What are the figures that are available in history of communication essay terms of homeownership for Maori today? Can I say that it is paragraph essay, not very high. Look, if we are wanting to look at history of communication essay, the social plight of Maori, all we need to do is walk up Lambton Quay and see the number of people begging. I am quite ashamed to collector" Fowles" say this: many of them are Maori. In the north, although we have not got to history the stage of begging because those of my relatives who live at home are able to live off the university of chicago essay 2008, land, at the end of the day many of them do not have access to the proper house services, they do not have access to good housing, they do not have access to history employment—and so it all goes on. Can I suggest that one of the collector" novel by John, reasons for this is history of communication essay, that Te Puni Kokiri is not doing its job. Last year it underspent its allocation by $1.7 million, and that just follows a number of years when it has underspent. I think that it is criminal that a public department like Te Puni Kokiri should underspend its allocation when the needs of the people whom it is supposed to be serving are still as strong as if it was the last century.

One of the short essay of smoking, other things that we heard during the essay, select committee review was that there was a restructuring, that over a lengthy period it had 30 vacancies, and hnd business marketing principles unit, that as a result of the restructuring it now has 11 vacancies. It is of communication, quite easy: if you just remove positions, then of elie night, course you can reduce the history essay, number of vacancies that you have. The other thing is that we have heard the discussion about the amount of money that was used for consultants. Literature Apa Guidelines! Can I suggest to you that many of those consultants became consultants as a result of history essay, restructuring not only in the last financial year but in previous years, and all those ex-staff members are laughing all the way to the bank. I think it is unit, a poor commentary that the annual vote for Te Puni Kokiri should be remitted to consultants rather than on the work that it is supposed to be doing. I can recall that in the days of the former Ministry of history, Maori Affairs, the staff, without exception, lived in by John and were much closer to the community they served. Essay! Although I congratulate Te Puni Kokiri on the academic level of essay, achievement of the history, present staff, I would suggest to you that many of them do not have the literature, life experiences that former staff used to have.

I would suggest that that is history essay, part of the reason. If we look at Whanau Ora, they talked about how successful it is and yet they still need another year before they can quite accurately comment on how successful Whanau Ora is. Another issue for me is the issue of Maori wardens. We know that the Maori wardens are one of the few groups that actually work out amongst our community and are aware of the challenges facing our people, yet the allocation that was made to literature review that particular programme has been underspent. [ Bell rung ] Mr Chairman. The CHAIRPERSON (Lindsay Tisch) : I am happy to give the member another call, but can I just remind the member and your party that you have only two calls left in the balance of the debate. If you take another call now, you will have only of communication essay, one call left, so I just bring that to your attention. PITA PARAONE : Thank you. I will forgo it. University Of Chicago Essay Questions 2008! JENNY SALESA (Labour—Manukau East): Tena koe, Mr Chair.

May I take this opportunity to acknowledge a legend. New Zealand has claimed him, but he is history of communication, originally from the Kingdom of Tonga. Bill Sevesi, who is a musical legend, passed away, and we laid him to rest a few days ago. My comments today are going to be focused on the Ministry for Pacific Peoples. This ministry has an important role to play, and the Minister for of chicago questions 2008, Pacific Peoples earlier on in his comments spoke extensively about history of communication how we have improved educational outcomes, especially for early childhood education. When we are talking about participation, the essays about wiesel's, Minister stated that we now have a 90 percent participation rate for essay, kids. That is actually a wonderful statistic. However, what about the quality of the kind of experience that our children are having in those early childhood education centres? What the Education Review Office has told us in its report is that over 50 percent of essay set up, these early childhood education centres are not, unfortunately, currently providing services that are of great quality, which is of communication essay, a big issue for about elie night, me, particularly for those of our kids out in of communication essay South Auckland. When we read in the New Zealand Herald today that under this current Government the money that has been invested in early childhood education has been tripled to $1.5 billion, one just has to about wiesel's question whether that investment in early childhood education is actually really monitored and whether we are getting the best investment out of essay, our taxpayers’ funds.

When we look at paragraph essay, the priorities that the Ministry for Pacific Peoples has, it has education, employment, entrepreneurship, and improved living conditions, including housing. I would like to focus on that last point. Are Pacific people in essay Aotearoa New Zealand today experiencing improved living conditions, especially when we are talking about housing? I have got to say that from short on other effects of smoking where I sit, and from where the people whom I serve in South Auckland sit, the answer to that is absolutely not. We are seeing so many people come through our offices not even having a house that they can live in with their children. Just last night I went around with a couple of people. We went because we had been informed by of communication, other folks in our community in Manukau East that there are so many more people now living in cars, and we wanted to see for ourselves these locations, whether it is indeed true that there are so many people now living in cars. the! I am sad to say that we did see just this. There are so many families out there living in cars. Some of them are Pacific and some of them are Maori, but I was actually surprised to see that some of these people are Pakeha—Pakeha who have full-time jobs; Pakeha who have a degree—and they are living in cars. To get back to the Ministry for Pacific Peoples, can I also acknowledge another person who, unfortunately, has just passed away.

The Chief Executive Officer of the Pacific Business Trust, Mr Rob Neru, passed away just a couple of weeks ago—very untimely, at 46 years of age. I saw Mr Neru here in history of communication Parliament just 1? weeks before his untimely death, and of chicago essay 2008, one of the conversations that we had was focused around what we should do in terms of policies to ensure that our young Pacific people are equipped, that they are skilled, and that they do have the correct training now. When the report that the of communication, New Zealand Institute of Economic Research gave us a few months ago projected that here in Aotearoa New Zealand we are going to lose 46 percent of all of the current jobs that we have, we had this discussion. Principles 4 Assignment! One of the things that Mr Neru said to me was that it is really, really important, particularly for of communication, Pacific people, who are featuring too highly in the unemployment statistics and who are featuring too high in not actually getting trained, that we ensure that they are getting skilled and they are getting trained now, so that they do not miss out university questions 2008, even more in the future. I would just like to acknowledge Mr Neru this afternoon. The Pacific Business Trust is a not-for-profit organisation that was established in of communication 1985.

It was set up to provide economic development services for Pacific businesses and for Pacific people here in New Zealand. Five Paragraph! But I would like to ask this of the Minister for history of communication, Pacific Peoples: why is it that this Pacific Business Trust, a lifeline for Pacific communities, is being ripped apart and five set up, sold off without— STUART SMITH (Deputy Chairperson of the Primary Production Committee): I would like to history essay move that the report for the Primary Sector be noted. I think it is a fantastic report card, which we can spend some time exploring. We have an aspirational goal of growing exports for the Primary Sector to $64 billion by 2025, and the question is Fowles", how do we get there if we accept that goal. I think it is history essay, great to essay have a stretch target; it is something that we can aspire to. We have such great performance now starting to come through in other sectors, like the horticultural sector and the wine industry, which is really driving exports. In fact, although the dairy sector is history of communication essay, going through a difficult time, we have increased exports, and that is underpinned by those other sectors. So it is a pretty good story.

But what I want to the Fowles" focus on today are some of the areas in irrigation that the Ministry for Primary Industries, through Crown Irrigation Investments and the Irrigation Acceleration Fund, has helped to drive some irrigation schemes on. In particular, Crown Irrigation Investments has a fund of $400 million available for direct capital investment for regional-scale irrigation schemes. Essay! What does that mean, and how does that help? There is often talk about how irrigation schemes should be able to stand on their own two feet, and unit, they will in time, but the issue is that there are so many moving parts to get an irrigation scheme up and essay, running. Essays About Night! There is history, a funding hump to get over—and the Flaxbourne Community Irrigation Scheme, in particular, comes to mind. It is a scheme in which individual farmers would have to fund a 15-kilometre pipe to storage, and the novel Fowles", an individual farmer could not afford to put that in—even two farmers would struggle to history essay make it past the on other effects of smoking, feasibility stage. The council funding has helped in that particular scheme by providing a mechanism for the farmers to get together and get their scheme over that hump, but also there has been some great help from the history of communication essay, Irrigation Acceleration Fund, and the Minister for Primary Industries made a very good announcement on that not so long ago. Collector" Novel By John Fowles"! To demonstrate the benefit of that irrigation scheme, you really only have to look at the example of history, a farmer like John Hickman from Taimate, which is in university essay questions the Flaxbourne region.

Three percent of his property, a sheep and beef property, is irrigated and growing grapes. Of Communication! That 3 percent of the short essay effects, area provides 40 percent of the revenue for that property, and if you look at it on of communication, the basis of profit, it is an even greater advantage to have irrigation there—it is closer to 50 percent of the overall profit, from just 3 percent of that area. Viticulture, as we know, is on other harmful effects of smoking, a very environmentally friendly industry, and it goes on to have great value-add through the history of communication essay, wine-making process, where all that value is added to hnd business unit the grapes that leave this shore in a bottle of wine with “New Zealand” on the bottle. Of Communication Essay! It is actually a great advantage to New Zealand in short essay effects other industries, because it really gives us a reputation overseas as a producer of high-quality, world-class products, and I think that is a wonderful example of what can happen through an irrigation scheme. The Flaxbourne scheme still has to go through the process and get the final tick-off by the farmers, but I really look forward to it growing, by many millions of history of communication essay, dollars, the export potential from the literature apa guidelines, Flaxbourne region. In fact, the Marlborough region has just done a labour market survey and, based on surveying all its members, 7,000 hectares are proposed to be planted by 2020 in the Marlborough region. That adds up to more planted hectares than in Hawke’s Bay and Central Otago combined, so it is a phenomenal vote of confidence in that industry. History Of Communication! If we go further south to the Hurunui water project—the Hawarden-Waikari area, which is the main command area for the Hurunui water project—there are some fantastic soils there.

Anyone who is literature apa guidelines, a cricket fan will have heard of Waikari pitches. Well, the soil for a Waikari cricket pitch comes from Waikari, around the Hawarden area, and that is in the Hurunui water project command area. It has fantastic soils but it is a very dry area. History Essay! It is drier now than it has been in the last couple of years. It has been 2 years of collector" novel by John Fowles", drought, and it is of communication, really getting worse as every day goes by. That area just wants an irrigation scheme. Thank you.

Hon NATHAN GUY (Minister for Primary Industries): Can I thank Stuart Smith for his contribution. I would like to take a call this evening on the Appropriation (2014/15 Confirmation and Validation) Bill, covering the primary sector. It is a huge part of the New Zealand economy. Marketing Unit! We have set an aspirational target out to $64 billion by 2025— Hon David Cunliffe : How’s that going for you? How’s that going? Hon NATHAN GUY : —and we know that is going to be challenging right now, Mr Cunliffe, with the dairy prices, but, importantly, when we set that aspirational target, it is about doubling the value of the primary sector. If Mr Cunliffe had been listening this afternoon he would have heard me talking in the House at question time about how the horticulture sector is going gangbusters. A new report out from Plant and Food Research shows it is history of communication, worth about $4.3 billion of exports. Now Mr Cunliffe has gone quiet.

Actually, the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) agreement, which Mr Cunliffe—I am not sure where he sits personally, but his party is all over the place on it. It cannot come out and support the Trans-Pacific Partnership agreement, whereas in the past, the two big political parties in of chicago 2008 the New Zealand Parliament have supported free trade and market access opportunities. So here we have Mr Cunliffe, who is saying “How’s it going for history, our aspirational target of marketing unit 4 assignment, doubling the value of our primary sector exports?” when, on that side of the Chamber, the history essay, Labour Party cannot support what we want to do, which is to open up new market access opportunities to 800 million consumers. The biggest benefactor of the Trans-Pacific Partnership is the primary sector, so I think it is fantastic that a lot of the primary sector is actually doing very, very well. What else is doing well? The red meat sector. the! We have just come back from a very successful trip with the Prime Minister into history, China, where we have made some rapid progress on the chilled meat protocol. Paragraph Set Up! That is going to be fantastic. Instead of our meat products going into the chilled market frozen, we have an opportunity to put them in the best restaurants in Shanghai, Beijing, and history of communication, all the other cities in China to continue to add value. Also on that trip we made significant progress, and further discussions have been had in terms of tourism, and it is great that Amway has signalled plans to bring a whole lot of its professional staff down into Queenstown in the off-season shoulder peak.

We have an opportunity with these air links coming down to New Zealand, planes full of tourists, to put some of this wonderful chilled meat product into the back of the literature review apa guidelines, planes. The seafood industry is also growing and so is the forestry sector, so, actually, a big part of the primary sector is history of communication essay, going pretty well. Importantly, it is pretty tough right now for essay questions, the dairy industry, but a lot of the things that are happening in the dairy sector are beyond the Government’s control. I have just been to an OECD meeting up in Paris with a whole lot of other agriculture Ministers. When I talked to history of communication my colleagues in many of the bilateral meetings that I had, they said that their farmers are feeling the strain as well with the global milk price. Novel By John Fowles"! Actually, the European farmers, who are subsidised, are finding it very, very tough, even with subsidies. The milk price is history of communication essay, below the cost of production for European farmers, just like it is for New Zealand farmers, and night, we know the reasons for history essay, that.

Of course, the Russian ban means that European products that used to go into that market, like butter and short harmful effects of smoking, cheese, are now going into other markets. We also know that the oil-producing countries have less buying power. We also know that the European farmers, since their quotas have come off, are producing more milk—up by about 2.2 percent in the last 12 months, and forecast to grow by another 1 to 1.5 percent. That is a 157 billion-litre market, so it is significant. Of Communication Essay! The fundamentals of the essay questions, dairy industry across the essay, world, with global population increasing—when you get back to the China market, it is literature apa guidelines, fascinating when you see that 250 million to 300 million people are now in the middle class in China, and that is forecast to grow by another 150 million people in the next 10 years. When you think about China’s softening of its one-child policy, where it is forecasting 38 babies to history of communication be born a minute, from memory—that is about a New Plymouth a day. So they are significant—the opportunities in unit 4 assignment China. It was a very successful visit by the Prime Minister and the Minister of Trade up there, leading a strong trade delegation. Of Communication Essay! We also heard, when we were up there, from Jack Ma, who is the founder of five essay set up, Alibaba. Of Communication Essay! Alibaba is an online trading mechanism—goods in, goods out; people buying and selling—and he is very focused on New Zealand products being showcased there. Literature! There are 407 million consumers in China who shop on Alibaba.

The New Zealand Trade and Enterprise - Alibaba memorandum of understanding was signed when we were up there, and this is going to history essay be significant to showcase New Zealand products through Alibaba. As we know, we produce a premium product. We know that we are world leading in our food safety standards and our overall systems. We know that our animals are predominantly farmed outdoors, all year round, hormone-free—all of those things. We have got an opportunity to add more value, particularly in these markets like China. What I also want to talk about—and it was touched on a little bit earlier by Stuart Smith—is the elie, focus that this Government has on history, doubling the value of our primary sector exports out to 2025. The important point here is the value—there is no way that we will be able to the by John Fowles" go and double the production. You think about our oceans. There is no way that we can go and catch, sustainably, double the amount of fish. The opportunity for us is to continue to of communication essay add value. The opportunity for essays about, us is to have more water storage projects.

We collect and store only 2 percent of the history, rain that falls in this country. The rest of five essay set up, it gets in the local streams and rivers and heads out to sea. We have got a huge opportunity to store more water in this country and to use it reliably. Right now, you just look at the Tararua Ranges—the average rain up there is about 5 metres a year. Look at Martinborough; from memory, it is about 700 mm a year. You could almost throw a stone, if you were a good cricket player, from the Tararuas and hit Martinborough.

So on one end we have got huge amounts of water, but not at the right place at the right time. That is history of communication essay, why this Government is literature review, very focused on water storage projects. I know the Greens hate it when I talk about water storage projects being good for the environment. They are good for the environment because you take the history of communication, pressure off groundwater aquifers. That is hugely important. Look at Central Plains Water recharging into Lake Ellesmere/Te Waihora. We know that we have got an opportunity to store more water in this country, and we know that it is good for the social fabric of apa guidelines, society, we know it is good for economic growth, and we know, fundamentally, it is of communication essay, good for the environment.

What we have also done as a Government is we are investing more in biosecurity, and I am very proud of the Fowles", fact that we are investing more. I am very proud of the fact that we have got more dog detector teams now. Actually, for those interested, any school pupil in New Zealand can get involved and history, name one of the literature review apa guidelines, beagle puppies right now. I think, from memory, it is the “G” litter, so they are out there talking to every school in the country, and it is a wonderful opportunity for history essay, schoolkids to get on essay on other effects of smoking, board. History Essay! These beagle puppies, and others that we have now got trained, are an important part of the overall multilayered biosecurity system that we have in hnd business marketing principles unit 4 assignment New Zealand. We are investing more in terms of dogs.

We are investing more in terms of people. We have brought in history of communication essay the border levy, which now means that passengers—and about novel by John 55 percent of passengers who travel are foreigners—need to pay for our border services. As we have an increase in passenger numbers, which we are experiencing, at about 3.5 to 4 percent a year, that means that the cash will follow and we can do more in terms of history, those very important biosecurity services, particularly at our airports and for cruise liners. Also, we are out there consulting right now on Fowles", animal welfare regulations. This is hugely important for essay, us as an exporting nation. Literature Review! It is worth about $23 billion, and of communication, I know that about 66 percent of New Zealand families own a pet, so it is important that we strengthen our animal welfare regulations. It is fundamental to us as an exporting country, and I know that New Zealanders care about short harmful their animals. So, in summary, it is a great opportunity to be able to talk about the history of communication essay, primary sector, which is a big part of the New Zealand economy. Actually, fundamentally, the primary sector is doing pretty well and short essay on other harmful effects, we are doing what we can to support our dairy farmers through a pretty tough patch.

Hon DAVID CUNLIFFE (Labour—New Lynn): In speaking to this section of the annual review debate, the Primary Sector, it is a good opportunity just to history of communication essay acknowledge, on behalf of the Labour Party, all of the hard-working men and women of our primary sector—our farmers, who get up early every morning and go and milk the literature review apa guidelines, cows, till the fields, and provide the backbone of the New Zealand economy. History Of Communication Essay! So we want to acknowledge them. The Minister for Primary Industries has talked about water management. I want to talk a little bit about water management too. I am not going to short essay harmful effects of smoking talk about the white elephant that is the Ruataniwha Dam, which the Government cannot make pay, nor am I going to talk about the white elephant that is brewing in Ashburton, where the of communication, Ashburton District Council is doing a sweet deal, by the sound of it, for somebody while bearing the risk of having an aquifer that might go bad. I am going to talk about a river that I am rather fond of: the Manganui River in North Taranaki. When I was a kid, I used to fish for trout in the Awakino, which is right next door. The Government has approved the sale of 1,300 hectares of iconic land on the side of the Manganui River to literature a Panamanian-registered company called Ceol and Muir. That has come to New Zealanders’ attention by a thing called the essay, Panama Papers.

That sale was approved by a Government agency, under Minister Louise Upston, called the Overseas Investment Office. You might call it the “Overseas Investment Optimists”, because this is the kind of office you have when you do not really have an office. That office accepts the word of foreign investors that they are of “good character”, and it does it through a thing called a statutory declaration. The CHAIRPERSON (Lindsay Tisch) : We are on the Primary Sector debate, and I would ask the member to come back to it—the primary industries; the primary sector. This is unit 4 assignment, what it is about. Hon DAVID CUNLIFFE : I raise a point of order, Mr Chairperson. I am advised by our whips that you are taking, as is the agreement of the Committee, a broad-ranging approach to this. We are clustering related groups of portfolios— The CHAIRPERSON (Lindsay Tisch) : We are clustering them. This is to essay do with the Primary Sector. [ Interruption ] When I am on my feet, the member will sit.

You must relate whatever you are saying back to the Primary Sector. I have not yet heard one word on the Primary Sector in the time you have taken. Hon DAVID CUNLIFFE : The primary sector requires good land and water management. The Manganui River borders the Onetai Station in North Taranaki, in the primary sector. It was purchased by Rafael and essay set up, Federico Grozovsky—two gentlemen from Argentina and of communication essay, Italy who have criminal convictions for toxic waste pollution in the Lujan River in Argentina. But the Overseas Investment Office thought that was no threat to our primary sector. It was happy to tick off the sale of iconic primary sector land bordering the literature, Manganui River to history of communication a group of people who have criminal prosecutions and who have been held criminally responsible for toxic waste pollution—really bad pollution, carcinogenic pollution that made people seriously ill, for paragraph essay set up, which they were criminally responsible. Of Communication Essay! But our Overseas Investment Office did not protect our primary sector, did not protect our land, and did not protect our awa, the Manganui River, from principles this purchase because it did not even check the bona fides of the investors.

In fact, it may be that the particular people it thought were the ultimate shareholders of the purchase of this land in history the primary sector were not, in five essay fact, totally the history of communication essay, shareholders at all, and it has said it cannot tell. Furthermore, we now have information sourced from the collector" novel, UK Companies House and from a Florida court that shows that one of the directors of this company that purchased this land in our primary sector was tied up, through another Panamanian company, with a large-scale scandal involving the possible non-payment of tax in relation to the football sector in Europe, to the tune of tens of millions of dollars. The CHAIRPERSON (Lindsay Tisch) : Back to the Primary Sector. Hon DAVID CUNLIFFE : My point is history, that the supposed watchdog of the sale of iconic New Zealand primary sector land is not doing its job. It is taking an investor’s word for it, and it cannot even, by its own admission, do a simple Google search to find out whether somebody is who and what they say they are. About Elie Night! It cannot do a Google search. Of Communication Essay! The proof of the collector" by John Fowles", that is that the office has announced today a review, finally—what Labour has been calling for, for weeks now; an independent review—and has said itself that amongst the things it wants to find out is history, how to use Google. It is unbelievable.

This is the Government agency presiding over principles unit 4 assignment, the sale of thousands and essay, thousands of hectares of New Zealand land. In fact, it has turned down only one sale in the last 5 years. It has approved 99.85 percent of farmland sales. The only one it turned down was Lochinver Station, and that was after weeks of public attention and review, ministerial intervention. EUGENIE SAGE (Green): I am pleased to take a short call on essay, the review of the appropriations in the primary sector. I think the speech we heard from the apa guidelines, Minister for Primary Industries summed up the history of communication, Government’s arrogance and its lack of understanding of the fact that when rain falls on hnd business 4 assignment, the land and drains into history of communication essay, rivers, that sustains life. Rivers are not to be captured always for irrigation. The fact that the Minister was claiming that irrigation and of chicago 2008, big storage schemes are good for the environment shows what little understanding he and this National Government have about what rivers are really important for—for sustaining life, for sustaining a lot of our indigenous plants and wildlife, and for their recreational values. We cannot exist without water.

This Government wants to direct it into big irrigation schemes, and that is history of communication essay, what I would like to talk about this afternoon, in terms of the Irrigation Acceleration Fund, which is marketing principles unit, a major part of the Ministry for history of communication essay, Primary Industries’ promotion of more intensive agriculture. Marketing Unit! This Government has helped to create the perfect storm that we are now experiencing in dairying. With funding for things like the Irrigation Acceleration Fund and the handouts that it and Crown Irrigation Investments give to irrigation, it has encouraged a very high-input, high-cost model that has a high environmental impact. Of Communication Essay! It relies on imported feed, like palm kernel expeller, and very high levels of debt. So when you have had the change in the dairy supply payouts, that has helped to create the perfect storm.

Under the the collector" novel by John Fowles", Ministry for Primary Industries, through the major investment in the Irrigation Acceleration Fund—$35 million over 5 years, with another $25 million pumped in, in of communication essay last year’s Budget, to be spent from 2016—this Government is making it very easy for these think-big storage projects to university of chicago questions 2008 go ahead. To date we have had that fund spend $27 million in handouts to 18 irrigation projects. We have had $6.5 million go to Ruataniwha, $8.7 million go to Central Plains, $7.6 million go to Hunter Downs, and another $1.8 million go to history Hurunui. Even just one of those grants exceeds the amount that the Ministry for review, Primary Industries allocates for sustainable farming through its Sustainable Farming Fund. It just shows the Government’s priorities. It gives big handouts to irrigators and agribusiness, and yet in 2015 it provided only $7 million for the Sustainable Farming Fund. It just shows how little weight the Government gives to sustainability, and of communication essay, that is paragraph essay set up, despite one of the ministry’s stated outcomes being to increase sustainable resource use.

The focus seems to be more on increasing resource use, rather than on improving sustainability. What we have seen with this whole growth in irrigation and intensive agriculture has been a disaster for our rivers, our streams, and our aquifers, and history essay, that is what National is essays about, failing to take into account. Of Communication! We want to have a reputation overseas for producing safe food—food that people can trust because it comes from of chicago essay questions 2008 a clean and healthy environment—yet the Government, with its very weak standards for the regulation of land and of communication, water use, its very permissive National Policy Statement on Freshwater Management, and by John Fowles", these big handouts to think-big irrigation projects like Ruataniwha and history, Central Plains, is encouraging more intensive agriculture and more water pollution. In Canterbury, where a lot of this has happened, and where a lot of these irrigation grants have gone, we have got the medical officer of health warning midwives to warn pregnant mothers to the collector" by John ensure that if they are bottle-feeding their babies, they do not take the water for that infant formula from their local bores, because nitrate levels exceed the World Health Organization standards. Essay! Nitrate is not like E. coli. You cannot boil the water to get rid of it; it is there permanently. Hon Jo Goodhew : Scandalous—you want to scare pregnant women. EUGENIE SAGE : It is not scaremongering, Minister. Environment Canterbury’s monitoring of paragraph, water supply bores is showing an increasing spike in history of communication essay nitrate levels that exceeds World Health Organization standards. The medical officer of health has warned midwives. The Government is in denial about the impacts on our human health and the environmental health that its policies, through the essays about elie wiesel's, ministry’s handouts to irrigation, are having.

So the Irrigation Acceleration Fund is not about promoting sustainable land and water use. It is all about allowing agribusiness— Hon JO GOODHEW (Associate Minister for history of communication essay, Primary Industries): I rise to take a call in this debate and to try to balance some of the ridiculous assertions that are so broad-sweeping, and scandalous in hnd business unit 4 assignment that respect. The first thing I want to say is history, that the member Eugenie Sage is just the teeniest little bit right when she says that midwives are warning pregnant women about the risk of wells in contracting blue-baby syndrome. Where the member is just completely off the short essay on other harmful, planet is in thinking that this is widespread. The member knows it is history of communication essay, not. Hnd Business Unit 4 Assignment! It is a very, very small number, and every single farmer who takes well water that is affected in of communication essay this way knows about it already. This was a very general warning that went far wider and scared many of the pregnant women in my electorate unnecessarily. But that actually is the essay on other effects, modus operandi of that particular party sitting over there. I want to talk about the record that we have in terms of the support for the forestry sector, and then in general. What we have heard today is about how the economy is of communication, benefiting from primary industries in very many ways.

I want to start by reminding members of the benefits that certainly accrue, through free-trade agreements, to the forestry sector. The free-trade agreement with Korea will see 99 percent of essays elie night, exports duty free within 10 years, and then the Trans-Pacific Partnership agreement will see $11 million worth of savings every year, and history of communication, once it is fully implemented, it will be tariff-free. So that is the return back to short harmful effects our forestry sector. But, in fact, the forestry sector will say it needs to grow in other ways too, so we are planting more forestry through the history of communication essay, Afforestation Grants Scheme—$22.5 million over 5 years. In addition to night that, we are updating the timber standard because there is much more to be gained economically through engineered timber. History Essay! So although this is the economic side of things, I think it is really important that we put on the record today that for many in the primary industries sector—not all—it is a pretty tough time right now.

In my electorate we have certainly seen that, and we have seen it further afield, up in North Canterbury as well. But this Government has put out support for the novel by John Fowles", the mental health of rural communities—for the rural support trusts it is $150,000 extra. You know, most of the rural support trusts people are volunteers. They are fantastic, warm, caring, skilled volunteers who are out there supporting their neighbours, and out there responding to need. History Of Communication Essay! It is very much a neighbourly thing. In the next 3 or 4 weeks we have got two events—one in South Canterbury and one in mid-Canterbury—to support farming families to university 2008 come together, enjoy a bit of time together, and gain that support. I was with Annabelle White—she was doing the entertaining; I was doing the history, listening and the laughing—in North Canterbury on 1 April when a well-supported rural support trust meeting had 300 women there, a few police members, who were not women, and, in essays elie wiesel's night fact, a waiting list of of communication essay, 60 as well. So there was fantastic support—people coming together. Marketing Unit! We see banks, we see vets, and of communication, we see transport companies linking arms. They are all out essays night, there, doing their level best to support some farmers who are finding it really challenging. And we are not talking just about dairy; we are actually talking about other farmers as well.

But this is history of communication, very different from the 1980s when that support did not seem to be there; it certainly is essay questions, there now. I particularly want to essay mention the $500,000 that has gone towards mental health support. There have been an extra 60 rural support trust facilitators trained, and also 14 regional mental health clinical champions and a medical director appointed. Marketing Unit 4 Assignment! So it is not just money that is floating around. What we know is that the rural support trusts have helped to train a number of people in what is called Mental Health 101 training, so that they can recognise when people in rural communities are feeling under pressure—under the pump, so to speak. Of Communication! Suicide is always considered to be a problem, but what we know across New Zealand is that it is more frequent in rural areas, when you look at about elie, it on a population basis. This, of course, causes concern, but what we also have out there is a much better understanding now of how to recognise when people are feeling under pressure. Putting aside those people, those rural support trust facilitators, and getting around the country, both Minister Nathan Guy and I have been able to catch up with rural support trusts from the top of the North Island earlier in the year, in February, to the bottom of the South Island at the Southern Field Days, and then at A and P shows as well. They are doing a fantastic job and I want to of communication lay it on the record here today. Essay Harmful Effects! RIA BOND (NZ First): I am pleased to history of communication rise on behalf of New Zealand First and take this call in the Committee of the whole House on the annual review debate examining the novel by John Fowles", performance of the Ministry for Primary Industries. I want to say that in the last 12 months it has been quite a woeful performance from the Ministry for Primary Industries.

It has been painful to watch, and history essay, New Zealand First knows that this is not the fault of the ministry at all, or the fine people who work within it. The blame solely lies on short on other harmful effects of smoking, this Government. This National-led Government has become so distant, so divorced, and so detached from the grassroots of its farming foundation, where the genesis of the party itself sat, that it now no longer actually understands what makes the primary sector tick. This is to the point where it has lost touch with its origins, and those origins are beginning to realise that fact, and that this will be a damning fact at the 2017 election. Every day in New Zealand First we are receiving phone calls from one end of the country to the other, and right across the essay, farming and agriculture spectrum—good people who have become completely disenfranchised with the attitude of this Government due to essay effects lack of proper understanding of the most important sector of our economy. The consequence is inadequate funding for the Ministry for Primary Industries, which is tasked with looking after the safety and security of our agriculture sector. History Of Communication Essay! Where is the support to our farmers right now?

Where is the support that this National-led Government has promised to collector" novel by John this fundamental sector, right now? It is no secret that the dairy industry is experiencing the deflation of history of communication essay, a bubble that was always going to burst, because, ironically, trends tend to repeat themselves over a period of time. You have an out-of-touch Government that is hnd business, also unfocused; a Government that has forgotten about the farmers at the gate who are having to history of communication wear the biosecurity risks that are contaminating their very livelihoods, such as the velvetleaf incursion, not only in Southland but also in Canterbury, and also in the Waikato region. This biosecurity breach will see farmers at their gates having to detect velvetleaf weeds themselves, from their own resources that they should be putting back into their farms in order to collector" novel ride out essay, this tough time. I am not just talking about now; I am talking about the generations to come, from the of chicago questions 2008, farmers’ families. I am talking about of communication essay potential buyers of the contaminated farms that we will see in the future, and that is a real problem. It has been said that this National-led Government did not see it coming. There is a well-known saying, woven within the fabric of our society, that no man, no woman, no child should get left behind. In the case of the essays about night, farming and agriculture sectors, the of communication essay, Government has bolted and university essay questions 2008, pigeon-holed itself amongst the wine and tourism industries. It has been dropping the history of communication essay, ball on traditional New Zealand - based bread-and-butter sectors.

In other words, the marriage is over, and the men, the short essay harmful of smoking, women, and the children in the farming sector have been left out in the dark. Come this time next year, the Government will be back on its high horse, out of communication, rallying for the votes of farmers when it has shut its door on them now. It has failed to listen to the farmers’ needs or even protect them from basic biosecurity threats. Now let us talk about Fonterra—the great old elephant in the room. Unit 4 Assignment! Although we think we can blame Fonterra’s senior management, it has to be remembered that Fonterra exists as a creature of statute. History Essay! Fonterra came to the Government and said: “We want to be a virtual monopoly because that will give us the size and questions 2008, the strength that will benefit the entire country.” The Government said yes, and Parliament realised that having the great bulk of history essay, our dairy industry condensed into one single entity of global proportions would be a good thing.

But the Government also has a responsibility to ensure that Fonterra stays true to its original aims, and that the university essay, ministry tasked to oversee and look after this is adequately resourced. It is clear that the Ministry for history of communication essay, Primary Industries does not get resourced adequately to allow it to do the job that it is entrusted to do. The Government’s meddling hands in the financial structure of Fonterra, with the 2013 Dairy Industry Restructuring Amendment Act and the cynical Trading Among Farmers scheme, have only apa guidelines, made things worse. New Zealand First said so at the time, and we have been proven right by what is happening here today, and what is happening now. But the history of communication essay, greatest failing that this Government has heaped upon New Zealand and the primary sector is, of course, an wiesel's night, utter lack of anything remotely realistic in terms of resourcing for our biosecurity. Minister Guy said that it is his highest priority, but John Key’s Auckland-focused, finance and banking - prioritising Cabinet simply does not seem to realise how essentially important the history of communication, line of defence is in New Zealand.

MEKA WHAITIRI (Labour—Ikaroa-Rawhiti): Kia ora. E nga mema o Te Whare nei, tena tatou katoa. Elie Night! In the time that I have got remaining—probably 30 seconds—I am happy to take a call on the Appropriation (2014/15 Confirmation and Validation) Bill, focusing on the primary sector. We had the Minister talk about the wonderful strategy that he has under way—his vision for 2025—but my contribution is going to be about the cost of that progress. History! It is the apa guidelines, cost of the progress that I want to highlight.

So what has been the cost of essay, progress in essay the primary sector? We only have to look at history of communication essay, the dairy sector, and the dairy sector is in crisis. Milk prices are down— The CHAIRPERSON (Lindsay Tisch) : I am sorry to interrupt the honourable member. Hnd Business Principles! The time has come for me to leave the Chair for the dinner break. MEKA WHAITIRI : Before we broke, I was taking the honour to history of communication essay make a contribution on the 2014-15 annual review of the primary sector. Five Paragraph Essay! I started off by acknowledging the Minister getting to his feet and explaining how pleased he is with the performance of his particular sector, and I thought I would offer the cost of that progress. Essay! I started to talk around what is happening in the dairy industry in hnd business principles unit 4 assignment terms of the prices around low milk production—and, obviously, auction prices are hurting farmers—but I also want to talk about the history, whole sector’s performance around water management. It has been mentioned by previous speakers on the by John Fowles", this particular sector that we really do want a quality that means our water is swimmable, as opposed to the current quality standard, which is wadeable, which this Government is promoting.

I fully support the Minister’s ambition to of communication essay double the literature, value of our primary sector by 2025, which is merely 9 years away. I guess the offer to the Minister, to be the progressive Minister I believe that he thinks he is, is that we seriously have to clean our rivers, because one of essay, our added advantages of doubling the value in of chicago essay 2008 our primary sector is that we actually have clean rivers. That is our economic advantage on the international stage—that we are a primary producing country that actually values the clean, green image and of communication essay, the added value it brings to our exports. We also want a country that offers and implements robust and world-class labour laws so that when our workers in the primary industry go to five paragraph work—and there are many, many workers who derive their livelihoods from the primary sector—they come home. So they go to work, they come home, and they are safe while they are at work. Obviously, in that space, we want to ensure that the jobs that the primary sector is creating actually go to Kiwis first. I did want to say, from this side of the Chamber, that the progress terms of the history, primary sector is fairly wanting in terms of essay on other of smoking, water management, but the area that I am particularly keen on is actually the land issue. History Of Communication! We have had numerous applications to the Overseas Investment Office and only one application has been turned down.

So there are some concerns around how robustly we are checking overseas investors when they are coming to, obviously, buy up our land—land that is part of our country, which is really important. It is part of our psyche, it is in our DNA, and we want to ensure what land we have left in five New Zealand remains in New Zealanders’ hands. So in this part of the annual review, there are some issues, seriously, that need to be addressed around the role of the Overseas Investment Office. But one report that has come from the Minister’s own department, the Ministry for Primary Industries, is history of communication, about growing the productive base of Maori freehold land. That, to me, is one of the reasons why I have come into literature review apa guidelines, Parliament as the member for Ikaroa-Rawhiti, one of the largest holders of Maori freehold land. It is important that we ensure that land that is in Maori hands remains in Maori hands. Of Communication Essay! I draw that reference only because we do have a bill coming later to the House, Te Ture Whenua Maori Bill, and essay, I will leave that for that time. I actually want to draw the Committee’s attention to the Auditor-General’s own audit of the Ministry for Primary Industries. If I can just mention his report to the select committee, he talks about an area of performance for essay, the ministry that I am sure the Minister is going to take care of, and that is of chicago essay, performance information and associated systems and history of communication, controls.

Although the audit has noted its general performance as good for the previous year, it did make a comment that the by John Fowles", primary industries, including Maori, have greater access to capital and have skills needed to grow and innovate. It noted that the indicators of progress that give a view as to whether industry has found access to capital more or less challenging over the review period were missing. So we need to do better in this space. MOJO MATHERS (Green): I want to focus my comments on animal welfare. Last year our reputation for of communication, being world leaders in about night animal welfare took a really big hit. We saw broadcast on of communication essay, TV compelling evidence of the by John, animal cruelty to farm animals occurring in nearly every sector—dairying, pig farming, and the egg-laying sector. Undercover footage showed baby calves, laying hens, and mother and baby pigs either being violently handled or kept in appalling conditions.

Last year TV One’s Sunday programme aired appalling footage of baby calves being seriously mistreated on farms, in transport, and in a slaughterhouse. Earlier this year Story aired footage that showed conditions on a brand new colony-cage farm as bad as any I have seen on battery farms; scenes of history of communication essay, dead, dying, de-feathered hens crammed in cages in appalling conditions. Add to this the hundreds of deaths of mother pigs and their babies packed in essays farrowing crates in essay a piggery farm and essay, it clearly has not been a good year for farm animals. What really did it for me, and gets many others, is that despite the compelling video evidence and essay, witness statements that have been handed over to the Ministry for Primary Industries of suffering to the animals, hardly any have actually resulted in the Ministry for about elie night, Primary Industries following up with a prosecution. It is particularly shocking that it has said that it will not prosecute the colony-cage farm that was aired on Story . If footage of dead, dying, and suffering hens in overcrowded cages is not enough evidence for the Ministry for Primary Industries to prosecute, then something is seriously wrong.

That level of suffering that was shown should have resulted in more than a slap on the wrist with a wet bus ticket. So in my view, and in history the view of the the Fowles", many thousands of New Zealanders who really care about what is happening to our animals, and not just our pets but what is history, happening on principles unit, the farms to farm animals as well, the Ministry for essay, Primary Industries is failing them on several fronts. It is university essay, failing our animals by leaving it to members of the public to go undercover and film the footage of history of communication essay, what is happening behind closed doors on factory farms and in cage slaughterhouses to expose the cruelty that is happening there. It should not be up to essay harmful effects members of the public. If the Ministry for Primary Industries was proactive enough and doing on-the-spot audits of these farms without notice, then it would be on top of this and there would not be anything for undercover footage to reveal. The ministry is also failing our animals because it is still saying it is of communication essay, OK to keep hundreds of thousands of elie night, animals in cramped cages even when these systems are clearly in breach of the Animal Welfare Act, as farrowing crates are. Keeping animals in history of communication essay confined cages is doubly cruel because they are not set any requirement for there to be fire sprinklers, which means that these poor animals not only suffer miserable lives in these cages but are at risk of five paragraph, horrible deaths by being burnt alive when a fire breaks out, as happened in of communication the Waikato piggery and on multiple occasions on factory farms over review apa guidelines, several years. We need to be able to trust the Ministry for Primary Industries to history of communication ensure that all our animals are treated humanely and our international reputation is protected.

As I said before, the of chicago 2008, Minister is right; New Zealanders do care about our pets, but we also care about farm animals, and what we are seeing on our TV screens of what is happening to history of communication these farm animals is not OK. Especially, these colony cages are not a humane alternative to battery cages. If McDonalds and Wendy’s and Burger King have all committed to going cage-free—if these major fast food companies can afford to ditch cruel eggs—then the Ministry for Primary Industries can say that we can ditch them too, as a country. We do not need them. They should go. IAN McKELVIE (National—Rangitikei): At the risk of unit, repeating some things that have already been said, in taking this call—unfortunately, I was away today attending the history of communication, funeral of novel by John Fowles", a Shannon primary school teacher who was 27 years in the business in, of course, the previous territory of our Minister for Primary Industries. I need to start these few words by congratulating Martyn Dunne and his large team at history of communication essay, the Ministry for Primary Industries on doing such a great job in producing a very good annual report. The organisation has moved very quickly from amalgamation to become a real force in the by John Fowles" the sector. As I commented in my opening remarks to the director-general, Martyn Dunne, this sector has made great strides in the past year, producing a very good annual report and facing some very interesting challenges in the biosecurity, animal welfare, and food safety sectors—coming through them all with flying colours.

The first of these challenges was named Operation Concord and history of communication essay, managed the blackmail threat over the 1080 scare, one of the the collector" novel by John, most distressing in New Zealand’s history. History! But it was satisfactorily resolved, and at essay, the same time it gained New Zealand great credibility for our food safety response capability worldwide. The second major challenge was, of course, the fruit fly outbreak in Auckland—again managed extremely well by history essay, the Ministry for Primary Industries. I want to get on literature apa guidelines, to the issue that the last speaker was talking about—that of animal welfare. Although, unfortunately, the Ministry for Primary Industries was well tested by a major animal welfare inquiry in the treatment of bobby calves in the last year—this will result in some prosecutions, but for those of us with a lifelong love of animals it is very disappointing to believe someone could treat animals in of communication essay this manner—it is hnd business marketing 4 assignment, reassuring, of course, to know that the Ministry for Primary Industries has an extremely efficient system, and that the Animal Welfare Amendment Act (No 2) passed last year will enable effective action to be taken against these inept and irresponsible people. I want to defend the sector’s record in animal welfare, however, because I think that many of the issues raised by of communication essay, the last speaker, Mojo Mathers, are in fact not applicable. I think that almost all sectors of New Zealand farming take their animal welfare issues extremely seriously and do a great job with them, and I think we should be proud of our record in that area. We also should be proud of the collector" Fowles", fact that we produce food in a very competent and caring manner, which is history, great for our animals, great for our farming sector, and great for our international reputation.

Our industry should not be measured by of chicago questions, the inept behaviour of a few renegades. Our farming practices are world-renowned for our animal welfare, care, innovation, and many other things. To maintain and improve our place in the world market, we must ensure all of our practice relating to environmental matters, food safety, animal welfare, and biosecurity is the very highest it can be, and we must continue to root out history, of the industry those people who cannot perform. There is no room for complacency here—the Ministry for Primary Industries is well aware of that. It is also very reassuring to witness the new biosecurity agreements adding significant value to our response capability, as noted by the Office of the Auditor-General in its recent report to Parliament, a report that documented the great progress made by five essay set up, the Ministry for Primary Industries in this area. I want to of communication thank all members who have served on the Primary Production Committee in the last 12 months. We have a very consensual select committee. I think we do a pretty good job, and we do a pretty good job of reviewing some pretty important legislation and marketing, important issues for New Zealand’s future.

I just want to take one issue, though, that has been in the news again today. I think it is a shame that political interference occurs in a process around Silver Fern Farms that was democratically taken by of communication, the shareholders of that company. Short Harmful Of Smoking! We now have a whole lot of politicians jumping on the back of it, thinking they know better than the 82 percent of the shareholders who voted in history of communication essay the course of that event. I think it is extraordinary that we think we know better, in this Parliament, than the shareholders of that company. I think it is novel by John, a tragedy for New Zealand, and I think it is plain silly—irresponsible, frankly. History Of Communication Essay! We in the Primary Production Committee also review Land Information New Zealand, AsureQuality, Landcorp, Crown Irrigation Investments, and animal products.

I will briefly comment on the performance of Landcorp, as it is a very large asset in literature apa guidelines the Government books and is currently demonstrating the essay, challenges faced by many of us in essay the agricultural sector. We certainly hope it can turn the of communication essay, current situation round, because if it cannot, the rest of the short essay, agricultural sector will not. Notice that it has abandoned further dairy conversion on the central volcanic plateau. It is worth noting that this was the history of communication essay, subject of a petition to the Primary Production Committee, which enabled us to better understand the on other of smoking, challenges facing our region. Thank you. Hon DAVID CUNLIFFE (Labour—New Lynn): I acknowledge Ian McKelvie, the member who has just returned to his seat, and I acknowledge the hard-working Kiwis who are out there in of communication essay our primary sector every day, doing their work and ensuring our country moves forward. Mr McKelvie mentioned Silver Fern Farms, and I am glad that he did, because the 82 percent who voted in favour of elie night, that merger, we will call it—what is of issue is whether they voted so based on accurate information, and of communication, whether the Overseas Investment Office also had accurate information and apa guidelines, had done due diligence. I think that is, it is history of communication essay, fair to say, an the Fowles", issue that we will be returning to in weeks to of communication essay come. The member opposite has rightly noted that land information is part of the review for marketing 4 assignment, us today, and, of course, the land information portfolio takes in the Overseas Investment Office, which has been much in the news of late and not for of communication essay, good reasons.

Our primary sector, as with the rest of New Zealand, faces a choice. Are we going to be simply a hard-working producer of principles unit, relatively raw materials, where we do not get very much share of wallet, or are we going to add value and knowledge and are we going to history essay be world-beaters for premium products that we can put on restaurant tables and shelves around the university of chicago, world? If it is the of communication, latter, then we are going to need several things. We are going to need knowledge and information all the way along that value chain, from the essays wiesel's, farm to of communication the table, and we are going to need high-quality investment along the way—high-quality investment. The Labour Party is in favour of having high-quality foreign investment in set up New Zealand business.

We believe we should be international traders. We believe that we should be out there in the world, but not in a stupid way. That brings me back to the Overseas Investment Office, because today it has—by the Minister for history of communication essay, Land Information’s own admission—been the case that the Overseas Investment Office got it badly wrong in essays about elie night the case of a sheep and beef station in North Taranaki called Onetai Station, where it did not properly do a due diligence test on essay, the foreign investors who were buying it. This station is alongside a sensitive riverway in Taranaki, and the guys who bought it just happen to have criminal prosecutions in their background for toxic dumping into their local river before they bought the Taranaki station—not ideal. What is worse is that in the first place our watchdog, the Overseas Investment Office, which New Zealanders depend upon to keep our country safe from investors of ill repute, relied upon them saying they were clean. The office tried to do a quick Google search, but, according to documents that we have seen, it did not find anything. That is why in about elie the review that the Minister has, belatedly, announced today, the terms of history, reference include helping the Overseas Investment Office to find someone who can actually work Google.

That is extraordinary. New Zealand’s official watchdog of investment quality into our primary sector could not find criminal convictions that the Labour Party took 30 minutes to find—30 minutes to find. About Elie Night! And, if it is essay, true of that case, how many other cases are sitting in the Minister’s problem pile? I will bet you this. The Minister would not opt for a full external review if she thought everything in that box was hunky-dory, and, in novel Fowles" the farm language that is around out there in this sector, I would say “Bugger!”. Something is history essay, very wrong in the Overseas Investment Office, and it is going to take members across both sides of this House to fix it. We want good trade. We want our primary sector to move forward. We want high-quality foreign investment that will add skills, knowledge, distribution chains, and market access, but what we do not want is sensitive New Zealand land sold off without so much as a wet bus ticket to people who actually do not have the of chicago essay 2008, credentials that they are required to have under our New Zealand law.

That is sloppy. History Of Communication! That is not appropriate. That is not doing justice to apa guidelines the hard-working farming people up and down New Zealand, who get up every morning and work their guts out to make a decent living. It is not honouring them to allow their land to be bought up by people who may or may not have been fully frank about their criminal records when they made those investments. [ Bell rung ] Mr Chairman. History Of Communication! The CHAIRPERSON (Hon Chester Borrows) : The Hon David Cunliffe. Hon DAVID CUNLIFFE : If people out collector" Fowles", there in New Zealand think that this is an isolated case, then I think that the history essay, Labour Opposition has news for them. Elie Wiesel's! This is a system failure. Where does this go now?

Where it goes is very simple. The Onetai Station scandal is the tip of an iceberg. Of Communication Essay! It is one of many approvals that the current Government let past the goalie over the last 5 years. Do you know that only one overseas investment application into New Zealand farmland has been turned down in the last 5 years? Only one. Hon DAVID CUNLIFFE : “Unbelievable.”, my colleague says. Essays About Wiesel's Night! Unbelievable—only one. That was Lochinver Station—the Crafar farms—and that was after weeks and weeks and weeks of media attention and of Opposition work, and only then, reluctantly, did Ministers say: “Oh, it’s too hard.” But the Overseas Investment Office probably would have ticked it off, just like it ticked off every other application, without exception, during the period. Why? Is it that it thinks that it is appropriate to history essay rely upon a statutory declaration—the word of investors who may or may not have come through shell companies run by Mossack Fonseca and others? Does it think that that is principles 4 assignment, good enough for New Zealanders?

Does it think that it is OK to do a 5-minute Google search, find nothing, and say that it has done its job? Or is it more sinister? Is it possibly the fact that the current Government is so intent on keeping the tap of history of communication, cash open that it does not really care where it comes from? Could it be the case that the National Government is essays about, more intent on looking after the interests of the powerful— The CHAIRPERSON (Hon Chester Borrows) : Order! Hon DAVID CUNLIFFE : —and the moneyed— The CHAIRPERSON (Hon Chester Borrows) : Order! If the member could resume his seat momentarily. We have noticed that the of communication, Labour Party has exhausted all its supplementary calls and all its calls on this particular sector.

So unless the honourable member is using a call from a subsequent debate, then we should probably pause it there. He has had a free hit for about 2? minutes. [ Interruption ] Sorry, you do not have another call. You have had 2? minutes of the next one. Hon NATHAN GUY (Minister for Primary Industries): Was that not a fascinating contribution from the novel by John Fowles" David Cunliffe? What he has forgotten about with the history, Overseas Investment Office is when his mate David Parker was in, signing off these large tracts of agricultural land. Last time I had a look at paragraph set up, a time-frame level, Labour had, proportionally, sold about twice as many as what the National Government has sold. He has got short-term memory loss. He has forgotten all of that, and he stands up here and talks about: “We want high-quality foreign investment and we want good trade.” And yet on that side of the Chamber they do not support the Trans-Pacific Partnership, and essay, so I cannot believe that anything that David Cunliffe says actually has any credibility. the Collector" By John Fowles"! What I want to talk about this evening, on of communication, this final call from the Government’s side on the Primary Sector— Hon David Cunliffe : I raise a point of order, Mr Chairperson. I take offence at the fact that the member who has just resumed the chair could possibly infer from a rational opposition to marketing unit 4 assignment the Trans-Pacific Partnership— The CHAIRPERSON (Hon Chester Borrows) : No. Of Communication! No, the university essay questions 2008, member will be seated.

That is a frivolous point of order. He knows it is not a genuine point of history of communication essay, order. A man of his extensive experience should never have called it. Hon NATHAN GUY : Is it not great when you get under David Cunliffe’s skin? Anyway, what I wanted to essay of smoking do, moving right on history, to the issues that really matter—it is about the the collector" by John, leadership of the Primary Production Committee. I want to history of communication essay acknowledge Ian McKelvie and the great job that he does, and the reviews that he has done over the last 12 months. I also want to talk about—because it has not been touched on this evening—having had contributions while I have been in the chair about 2008 animal welfare, about irrigation, about water quality, about history biosecurity.

Those sorts of things are very important. But what we have not touched on in the primary sector is, actually, research and development, and how we are going to see the literature apa guidelines, aspirational goal of doubling the value of our primary sector exports by investing wisely in research and development. The Primary Growth Partnership is a classic example of where the Government is partnering with industry, and we are starting to see some really tangible results. If I think about the Precision Seafood Harvesting net design—recently I was up there applauding the commercial sector in the Hauraki area, where they have now got 100 percent camera-coverage and vessel monitoring systems, which is basically the history of communication, GPS. As a result of Fowles", that—and we link in with the fantastic net design—fish are able to be selected for size at sea, which is fundamental to the overall ocean sustainability of our fishing stocks.

They come on board the vessel in a better shape—another selection process there. Boats are now being designed with holding tanks to history essay hold these fish in a pristine condition. This is all about sustainability. This is reaching into these very important lucrative markets that, of course, Labour and New Zealand First and the others do not want to support through the Trans-Pacific Partnership. University Of Chicago Essay! This is about New Zealand investing in world-leading net technology, and I am really excited about it.

Another one that is really important for the forestry sector is the history essay, steepland harvester. It has been so successful that it has now been exported around the world. It was designed by a couple of Kiwi guys in Nelson. Basically, it is a digger that operates on a steepland slope. Marketing Principles Unit 4 Assignment! And now they have designed it so that you do not need to have an operator working this machine.

Is that not fantastic? Just last year I saw the guy—and my kids are not bad on the PlayStation, but I saw this operator and he was even better—working remotely, offsite. The digger was operating, felling trees, a cable coming down with a sensor on the end of it and a grapple picking up these trees—not a human on site. You think about the productivity advantages from of communication essay this technology, but we should not forget health and five set up, safety as well. History Of Communication! So, once again, New Zealand is leading the world in research and technology. Of Chicago Questions! Also, we have just recently celebrated nearly $7 million in essay the Sustainable Farming Fund. It has been going, actually, since Labour’s time, and it has been very successful. In 16 years $125 million has been invested in the collector" novel by John Fowles" grassroots programmes. Very, very successful, whereby farming groups and history of communication essay, arable groups come forward to the Ministry for Primary Industries with ideas, and five set up, they are appraised by a technical group deciding which programmes get funding.

But this is about grassroots research and technology: farmers and of communication, growers and foresters making decisions for themselves to actually help us to realise our aspirational goal of doubling the value of our primary sector exports out to 2025. There is a huge amount happening and hnd business marketing principles, I am very excited and very supportive of a big part of the New Zealand economy, which is our primary sector. History Of Communication Essay! Social Development and Housing Sector. ALFRED NGARO (Chairperson of the Social Services Committee): It is an honour and privilege to speak as the chairperson of the Social Service Committee this evening in regard to the annual reviews. We know the Ministry of Social Development delivers two particular services. One is the social support service that it delivers, both in the delivering and purchasing of services, and the other is social policy advice. This advice is quite important. It also administers benefits and superannuation throughout New Zealand, and it delivers that to over a million New Zealanders every year. So it is an important role that it plays. Also, it is the largest Government department in five paragraph essay set up New Zealand at the moment, with 10,100 full-time staff. I also want to commend the of communication, work of the chief executive, Mr Brendan Boyle, his senior management, and all the work that they do.

They came to the committee and presented their report, and I would like to speak about some of those things in particular. The ministry’s total revenue in 2014-15 was $1.392 billion, which is a 10 percent increase. It is a 10 percent increase on the 2013-14 Budget, and that is essay, quite significant. It shows that as a Government we have recognised the needs that are currently there and history, are providing for those needs as well. The areas of focus that were reported on were threefold: operating of the benefit system and paragraph essay set up, supporting people into work; carrying out social housing assessments and supporting projects relating to social housing reform; and working to protect vulnerable children. I want to talk about some of those facts in my speech this evening. Reducing welfare dependency and supporting vulnerable children is a key priority of this Government under its Better Public Services programme.

We have talked about of communication essay some of the cross-sector leadership and agency work that has been happening, and some of the work conducted has been quite significant. In the year ended 30 June 2015 the number of people receiving a main benefit decreased by 2.8 percent. That is something to be celebrated. In numbers, that is 8,237. Literature Apa Guidelines! There are 285,345 people currently receiving a benefit. The most significant reduction—and I think this is something that is quite important and has been the focus of the ministry—is around sole parents. That is down to 6.5 percent. History Of Communication Essay! The job seeker numbers declined to literature 2.5 percent. I know there is not a lot of cheering on the other side, but we on this side— Darroch Ball : Job seeker, work ready. Are you sure about essay that, Alfred? ALFRED NGARO : —know that it really is hnd business marketing principles unit, making a difference.

Yes, Mr Darroch Ball, these are the figures; I know they are hard to accept. They are the figures that are there. Let us talk about sole parents—down to 6.5 percent. Why is this making a difference? I visited the teen parents unit at Henderson High School. Helen Peke was there, and she was talking about the difference that this Government is making to some of the teen parents there. Young mums, as young as 16, 17, 18, are going there. The focus on history of communication, upskilling, the ability to be able to take their young children there to be cared for and looked after, and giving those teens the opportunity to move on—not to be dependent on welfare but to short essay of smoking move into educational and of communication, employment opportunities—is significant. That is a fact. That is the reality.

That is what is happening out there. [ Interruption ] I know that has got Labour members excited for all the right reasons, and I know they love this. Here is another thing that will get you excited. Under this Government, we have set what is called an aspirational goal. I know that previously there have not been a lot of goals. The aspirational goal is this: we want to reduce the overall number of working-age clients by 25 percent. That is right.

It is an literature review, aspirational goal. Why? Because we on this side of the House truly believe that the longer that our people and of communication essay, our communities are on welfare, the worse off they are in essay harmful of smoking terms of their futures. So there is a significant goal that is really important as well. Here is some more evidence that measures the of communication, significance of the role that the Ministry of Social Development is playing—long-term beneficiaries. At 30 June 2015, 65,550 beneficiaries had been receiving job seeker support for more than 12 months. This is 3 percent fewer than the previous year. That is essays about night, making a difference. Why? Because, again, the role we are playing is about wanting to make sure— Darroch Ball : What does the Salvation Army say about that? ALFRED NGARO : Well, let us talk about the Salvation Army.

Let us talk about the Faith Factory down in View Road in Henderson. You may not have visited, but, actually, we go out and visit these places—real people and real places. Of Communication! We are talking to paragraph them about the roles that they are playing. That is right. We can name a place and history of communication essay, name a person. We have actually been there.

We have been to a soup kitchen to see the work that is university of chicago essay, happening, and it is making a difference. It is changing lives—we have seen that as well. Thank you. PHIL TWYFORD (Labour—Te Atatu): Last week in Tauranga I attended a public meeting, and in the course of the meeting a woman in her 60s stood up and history essay, told about living in her car because the Golden Grove Holiday Park, where she has been living for the last 6 months or so, is being redeveloped. She has been on the emergency housing waiting list for essay, 6 months, and is simply unable to essay find an short essay on other harmful effects, affordable place to live. Another woman, a solo parent with two teenage children, has been living in the Silverbirch Holiday Park for the last 6 months. She is a 42-year-old kindergarten teacher. She has put her name down with four letting agencies—no sign of anything she can afford. The Silverbirch Holiday Park owner, Sharon Makai, the next day told the Bay of of communication, Plenty Times that the holiday park was full, with up to a dozen people living in its cabins and caravans.

The majority of them, she said, were looking for an affordable place to live. This is John Key’s New Zealand. Of Chicago Questions 2008! In Tauranga, one of our most affluent cities, the median rent is now $425 a week. The city is rated as severely unaffordable. The median house price is now more than eight times the median household income in that city. People are desperate. You only history of communication essay, need to look at the pages of the Bay of of chicago 2008, Plenty Times every day of the week to history of communication know there is an collector" Fowles", acute housing shortage.

So what is this Government doing with the 1,200 State houses that it owns in Tauranga? It is selling them. Is it building more houses, the obvious thing that you do when there is a housing crisis and a housing shortage? No, it is selling them off. This Minister for Building and Housing, Nick Smith, and Paula Bennett, the Minister for Social Housing, are so out of touch. Nick Smith said yesterday that the housing crisis is a media beat-up. It is not a crisis, apparently—it is a challenge.

Well, Tauranga is one of history, two areas to get its housing sold off, and there are two short-listed consortia of groups. Remember these names. One consortia includes John Laing, the United Kingdom - based public-private partnership investor; another British company, Pinnacle Group; and a Canadian real estate investor, Brookfield Real Estate Services. The second consortia includes local iwi and Trust House Charitable Trust, but it also includes the investment firm Morrison and Co., two Australian property management companies, and investors. So for all of the talk about selling State houses to the Salvation Army and non-profit groups, which were going to do such a great job of managing them, this Government is selling off billions of dollars of land and housing to merchant bankers, to foreign companies, and to property investors. Essays About! If that was not bad enough, this National Government has already, in this process of history, privatisation, displayed the Wall Street ethics that are its trademark as it has gone about short essay on other selling off State housing. History Of Communication Essay! Merchant banker Andrew Body was paid $2.3 million in university questions 2008 contracts by this Government, first, to advise it on history of communication, developing the policy to sell off State houses, and, secondly, to advise it on the by John Fowles", how to actually go about selling them—$2.3 million over 5 years.

One of his clients throughout that process was John Laing, the UK private-public partnership investor, who had expressed an interest in buying the history, houses and is now one of the short-listed parties to buy over a thousand State houses being sold in Tauranga. Is that a conflict of interest? Is that a conflict of interest? The Government said “No. There’s no conflict of interest.”, and essay, it took an of communication essay, investigation by the Office of the essays wiesel's, Auditor-General to show that the Government had broken its own procurement rules time and time again by not tendering that $2.3 million worth of contracts to Andrew Body, the merchant banker. The Office of the Auditor-General said the history, Government had failed to follow proper procedures in relation to the conflict of interest, and it was rapped over the knuckles. This is what makes it so disturbing that the National Government recently legislated to give the principles, Ministers—in this case it is Bill English and Paula Bennett—extraordinary unfettered powers to sell off billions of dollars of State houses to whomever they like on whatever terms they like. It swept away all of the normal legislative safeguards for the sale of State assets in of communication this kind of situation.

Hon JO GOODHEW (Associate Minister for Social Development): I rise to my feet with the privilege of being the Associate Minister for of chicago essay, the social development portfolio. I want to cover off on a couple of things this evening. The first thing I want to say is history, that this landscape is changing, and it needs to. That is because this Government is tackling some really hard things. Collector" By John Fowles"! I refer to the Child, Youth and Family reforms.

I refer to the fact that instead of history essay, chucking money at people who are, for whatever reason, relying on a benefit, or chucking money at young women who are pregnant at a very young age, we are assisting those people to realise the short on other harmful effects of smoking, full potential in their lives. In my home patch of Rangitata we have seen an enormous drop in history the number of teenage pregnancies. In fact, we have a unit at Timaru Girls’ High School, which not so long ago had 17 young women and, I understand, has only about four there now. Of Chicago Essay Questions! In fact, what I also know is that for those who were there, they now have a goal. They will achieve what they want out of their lives. They will finish their education and they will therefore have a far better future for the children in their lives. What we are doing is not just simply dreaming up an history of communication, inventive solution or a way of hnd business marketing principles, getting into history, the lives of these people and trying to help; we are also requiring that we measure what we do and that we make sure that the hnd business principles, taxpayer dollars that we spend assisting people actually have an outcome—that it is measurable and that we have some research and evaluation going on, which has been woefully lacking in years gone by. I want to bring this around to just a short commentary on the social policy evaluation and history of communication essay, research unit. We are, within that unit, developing an effective evidence base for the social sector so that those making decisions can actually improve the lives of paragraph, vulnerable New Zealanders. This is our social investment approach. History Essay! It is about increasing the use of targeted evidence-based investment that will get better long-term results, not for the by John, some ephemeral sort of group of people but for real New Zealanders, for history of communication, real vulnerable children, for vulnerable adults, for vulnerable families—real results.

I have to say, though, that the work that is going on essays about night, within this portfolio and across Government is not easy. It is much simpler to just throw some money at it and history of communication essay, hope it works, or even to instinctively think that it works, when the reality is five paragraph essay set up, that going out history, there and seeking the evidence and then channelling the funding through to where that evidence shows us we are making a difference in the lives of New Zealanders is really much tougher. But it is worth it. It is absolutely worth it. And we have seen that with the university questions 2008, way that we have assisted young teenage mums, wrapped around them the of communication, assistance to keep them in education, to keep them in training, to assist them into jobs, to help them with budgeting, and to help them with parenting skills.

I just know, because I have seen it and I have met them, that it makes a real difference in their lives. Within the community investment portfolio we spend more than $330 million a year. Now we are doing a line-by-line review of what we spend, to ensure that it is directed towards the most vulnerable New Zealanders—those vulnerable children who really need us to make a difference in their lives, not just pat their mothers or fathers on novel Fowles", the back and say: “There, there, you have our sympathy.” They need real interventions—real interventions that result in changes in of communication essay their lives. We need to get better results from what are in fact billions of university of chicago essay questions, dollars that we are currently spending. We know the history, Opposition hates it, because what it shows is marketing principles unit, that the Opposition did not measure outcomes.

It was too afraid because what that really meant was it is not intentions—it is outcomes. So, in fact, what we are doing within the Government is tackling the hard stuff. It is not that easy to work out how to measure whether what you are doing is actually being effective, and so that is a challenge for us. GARETH HUGHES (Green): Kia ora. History! Nga mihi nui ki a koutou, kia ora. Around the literature review apa guidelines, country tonight, there are couples sitting around their dinner tables in history of communication their rented kitchens going over their household budgets and wondering how they are ever going to essays about wiesel's night own their own home. Of Communication Essay! They are probably not reading this Social Development and Housing Sector report. They are probably more likely watching reruns of The Block or Mitre 10 Dream Home . Kiwis, we sure do love our home renovation TV genre. But the fact is that for too many Kiwis this is Fowles", not reality TV—this is fantasy TV. These are people who work hard, who want to raise a family in a home of their own.

They are working, they are saving, but they are finding the deck is stacked against them. These people also have a name—these people are now called Generation Rent. This is a generation stuck in poor quality rental accommodation with out-of-date tenancy law. It is not an history of communication essay, accident. It is not a force of nature. Elie! This is the history, result of deliberate policies—deliberate policies skewing to screw the scrum, deliberate policies that benefit and profit property investors over first-home buyers.

These are policies that discriminate against Generation Rent and present clear economic and about, social risks to New Zealand. It is no way to run a country—to reward property speculators over people investing in productive enterprises and employing new workers. It is of communication essay, clear that something is out of kilter when a house can earn more in a matter of months than someone can earn working over 1 or 2 years. Simon Bridges last week said that the country does not have a housing crisis. But, Mr Bridges, say that to someone working on about, a minimum wage, paying the 12 percent before-tax compulsory student loan repayments, trying to save 20 percent for history of communication, a loan-to-value ratio deposit—someone who is told they have got to start saving for retirement too. Mr Bridges says that there is no housing crisis, but say that to someone in Auckland, where house prices have risen by $100,000 since January this year. Try saying that to someone in Otara, where 80 percent of people buying houses there are, in fact, estimated to be investors. Try saying that to someone stuck in a cold, damp rental house, when the official estimates say that we are seeing 1,600 extra deaths and five paragraph set up, 40,000 child hospital admissions because of our poor quality housing. Try saying that to the couple who do not go to Bali twice a year, do not drive a BMW on lease, do not have a 42-inch plasma screen, and do not spend 200 bucks at the bar on of communication, a Friday night, but are told in the media that it is their fault, that they are not disciplined enough to hnd business principles buy a house.

There are thousands of New Zealanders locked out of homeownership, Kiwis and families living in the holiday parks and living in history of communication essay the garages, and thousands of Kiwis literally sleeping on our streets. Anyone who says that is not a crisis has their head in the sand, and they are completely out of essays about wiesel's, touch. In this country we used to be called the half-gallon, quarter acre, pavlova paradise. Since those days our homeownership rates have now dropped to where they were in the early 1950s. Homeownership used to be called the New Zealand dream. But today it is just that: a dream. History Of Communication Essay! For my generation—we are called Millennials or Generation Y or Generation Rent—housing unaffordability is in fact one of the highest-profile symbols of the wider generational inequities we see. My generation, and collector" Fowles", the broader generation, could, in fact, be the first generation that is worse off than their parents’ generation. This is a generation that is history essay, burdened with $15 billion of student debt, gifted from a generation that had free education. Short Essay On Other Harmful! This is history of communication, a generation working in apa guidelines an imbalanced and indebted economy whose glory days were in fact 50 years in the past.

This is a generation facing and inheriting unswimmable rivers, species going extinct, and the very real possibility of history of communication, runaway catastrophic climate change. For my parents’ generation there was State support to get into a house, free education, and a job as good as guaranteed for life. Today a good job, an hnd business marketing principles unit, affordable education, and a house to call your own are considered luxuries. These are some pretty big issues facing the country, but what is the history of communication, Government focused on? Well, its flags and literature review apa guidelines, its foreign trusts. A great president once said that a house divided against itself cannot stand, and what we have seen in New Zealand in 2016 is generations divided by housing. I believe in history of communication essay fair and affordable housing as a basic human right for all New Zealanders. About Elie! If you work hard and you save, you should be able to get into a house for yourself, even in our biggest city. The solutions are not rocket science: (1) we need the Government to build a lot of new homes, like we used to; (2) we need a comprehensive capital gains tax, excluding the family home, to remove the unfair tax incentive to invest in property; and (3) we need restrictions on foreign property, as we see in other countries. SUE MORONEY (Labour): Well, for generations it has been the Kiwi way: the right of New Zealanders to be able to raise a family and have a secure place to live. Even through the Depression years that was something that New Zealanders were able to history of communication aspire to and to do, but not under John Key’s National Government—no more.

I am not talking about people at the lowest end of the income bracket even. I am talking about people who regularly come to MPs’ offices who are on decent wages, who are in by John Fowles" the middle brackets of income, who are telling us that they cannot afford the unaffordable housing costs that are going on history essay, under this John Key National Government. The Government members opposite are so out of touch that they have used this debate to explain to New Zealanders that it is not even happening—that their reality is not a reality at all. That Government is arrogant and it is out of literature review, touch. We have the Government members, in this debate about social development and housing, celebrating the reduced number of people who are receiving benefits. History Of Communication Essay! Well, the Labour Party members would join them. They would join in that celebration if those people were coming off benefits, to go into paid employment. But they are not, and there is five paragraph, no celebration in celebrating people being denied benefits only to end up at the food bank. Alfred Ngaro in his contribution recognised that that is history of communication essay, what is essays about night, happening.

He talked about going to of communication essay visit the Salvation Army to find out how much the food bank needs are increasing in the communities that it serves. That is the, nothing to of communication be proud of. Alfred Ngaro : And then you go into National policies. Apa Guidelines! SUE MORONEY : That is nothing to be proud of, Mr Ngaro. Your Government is putting more and more families through the food bank system—off benefits and straight into of communication, the food bank. That is elie wiesel's, not the vision that the Labour Party has for of communication, a brighter future for this country. When talking about housing, we cannot ignore the unaffordability that is continuing to creep right throughout New Zealand, under this National Government. It used to be confined to Auckland, but because of that Government’s failure to fix or even recognise the Auckland housing crisis it is ending up in many other communities. University Essay 2008! In respect of my own community of Hamilton, today the New Zealand Herald announced that in the last year house prices in Hamilton have gone up by 34 percent—in 1 year alone. That is on essay, the back of the previous year, when house prices had jumped 21 percent. So do the maths: 21 percent the year before last and on top of that another 34 percent.

It is no wonder MPs are seeing people coming through their doors in droves, saying that they cannot afford to buy into the market and they cannot afford the increasing rents that come off the literature review, back of that. History Of Communication Essay! But at the same time—and here is the big kicker—the Government is selling off State housing stock. So the people who normally would fall out and drop out of the private rental market now have no safety net with State housing. the Novel By John! Those Government members are pretending that they are not privatising; they are absolutely privatising the history of communication, State housing market and they know it. Here is a cautionary tale. Normally these tales come from overseas, but this is a cautionary tale from New Zealand.

The Government is doing exactly what it once did with the rest home sector. It pretends to give it to charitable organisations. Those charitable organisations do it to hnd business marketing the best of their ability, but find that they struggle quite quickly, and guess what? Within a decade we found that those rest homes are almost all now in private hands. That is exactly the of communication essay, path that that Government is literature apa guidelines, using to privatise State housing stock and to get it into their private investor mates’ hands. So we continue to see a Government that is of communication essay, focused on actually supporting people who want to hide their money and to find taxation loopholes in a country like New Zealand.

We are becoming a tax haven, for goodness’ sake! That is where that Government’s priority is lying, rather than in actually addressing the issues that are affecting everyday New Zealanders—hard-working New Zealanders who, as I said before, are on modest incomes and on middle incomes, and increasingly are finding it hard to make ends meet on even the higher level of incomes, because of that Government’s failure to act. Literature Review! It is not rocket science. When there is history of communication essay, a housing crisis we need more houses. We need more decent houses and we need the Government to act. The market is not fixing this one, National.

It is not fixing it. And we know that the National Party members sit on their hands and believe that the market will deliver. DARROCH BALL (NZ First): If we were to listen just to the Minister and to the Government benches about what was going on in social services and Housing New Zealand, then the public of New Zealand would be led to essays elie wiesel's believe that everything was hunky-dory and tickety-boo. But, as we all know, that is not the case. I just want to concentrate on one topic, which is Housing New Zealand and the State houses and the state that they are in at the moment. At the history, moment we are actually entering crisis point and five, we are going to essay epidemic levels in regard to the P contamination of State houses. The main fact is hnd business 4 assignment, that this Government has done nothing since it has been in Government, since 2008, and it is still continuing to do nothing about the P contamination of essay, State houses. In the 2013-14 financial year there were 28 State houses found to be contaminated with P. Hnd Business Principles! In 2014-15 that jumped up to 230 houses found to be contaminated with P. And in just the first 6 months of history of communication essay, this financial year alone that number is 280. That is in just the first 6 months of this financial year alone. That is epidemic levels.

That is crisis point, but this Government is not even acknowledging that there is a problem with P contamination of review, Housing New Zealand State houses. Not only that, add the fact that a quarter of all new State houses that were built in Christchurch have already been contaminated. In 2014 of the essay, 196 houses that were tested, 101 tested positive and, like I said before, already 280 in the first 6 months of this financial year have tested positive. Essay On Other! If you compare that with the hundreds of history, people on the waiting list because of these State houses being empty because of the contamination, then you can see where we are, with the issues with the waiting lists adding to that fact. But how does that translate into costs for the taxpayer? Well, luckily enough we have got a poster here. In 2013-14 it cost $700,000 to the taxpayer, in 2014-15 it cost just over $2 million, and hnd business marketing principles, just for the first 6 months alone of this financial year it cost almost $6 million. History! That is what you call an exponential curve—that is 4 assignment, what you call an exponential curve. There are two questions that fall out of this poster. Firstly, what is history, going to happen next year, 2016-17, if this Government continues to do nothing? The answer is review, that it will continue to exponentially increase.

The second question is this: why is there data only to 2013-14? That is because this Government did not even bother to history collate the information prior to 2013-14. Even though it knew that the evidence was there that this was going to be a problem, that it was a problem since 2008-09, yet it chose to questions 2008 still do nothing about it. In 2008 to 2012, prior to Housing New Zealand even collating the data about P contaminated State houses, there were no fewer than 16 major stories and articles about history of communication P contaminated State houses: from “P labs” to “Scientists telling of P house shock”, “P lab findings”, “Taxpayers carry can for P lab State house tenants”, and university, “P homes clean-up costly”. That was in 2012. If we talk about history of communication essay official documents that Ministers were given, there were no fewer than five official documents that Ministers were given between 2008 and 2015—the official reports stating the concerns with the P contaminated State houses. So the Government has known. But what has been done? What has been done—nothing. It is zero.

The only thing that the Government brought in in 2011 was a stand-down period of of chicago essay 2008, up to 12 months for of communication, a State house tenant who was caught using or manufacturing P in the Fowles" a State house. History Of Communication! Bill English has already said in this Chamber that that is not a firm enough measure and hnd business marketing unit 4 assignment, that they are looking at things that are firmer. But nothing has been done. Just out of some written questions—in fact, what I will go to, as I have got only a short time left, is looking at the responsibilities that Housing New Zealand actually has, as the country’s largest landlord. The Government’s own tenancy services state that if landlords rent out property that is contaminated by history of communication, P they are breaching their obligations under the Residential Tenancies Act 1986, as well as other legislation such as the Building Act and the Health Act.

This Government has let this crisis occur; it has known it was going to occur since 2008. The only review, thing it is planning on doing is selling off these houses. Hon ANNE TOLLEY (Minister for of communication essay, Social Development): There has been an awful lot of emotion and accusations thrown around the Chamber in the annual review debate on the Social Development and Housing Sector so far, but, I would have to say, based on very few facts. I want to essay on other harmful effects start off tonight by recognising the history essay, outstanding contribution of the staff who work for this Government, and this country, at Work and Income. University Questions! As I get around the country and meet and talk with staff and the clients sitting in their offices, either waiting for an appointment or working with a case manager, I have to of communication say I am continually impressed by the absolute dedication of essays elie, those staff in working alongside those people who for one reason or another have found themselves in difficulty, helping them solve what at times seem like completely insurmountable problems. I am always impressed by their enthusiasm, by of communication, their compassion, and, most of all, by their professionalism in working alongside those people to support them through the tough times, always with a focus on helping them into work and, therefore, into independence. Marketing Unit! Because that is of communication essay, what coming off a benefit means: it means you are independent of reliance on the State to maintain you and your family, and short essay on other of smoking, you cannot underestimate the benefit of that. The week before last I was absolutely delighted to announce that the history of communication essay, number of people in hnd business unit 4 assignment this country who were dependent on history of communication, a benefit had fallen below 280,000 for the first time since 2008. Did we get a celebration in this country from across this Parliament that that was an amazing achievement since the of chicago questions, global financial crisis—that all those people have gone, for one reason or another, from relying on history of communication essay, a benefit to essays wiesel's being independent? All we heard from the Opposition was carping that we could not prove they had gone into work.

Well, let me tell this Committee that most people go into history, work, but, funnily enough, people do not willingly give up a benefit if they have no other way of surviving. They can alter their circumstances; in fact, some people go to prison and therefore they do not need a benefit, but the vast bulk of literature review, them are going into history, work and that should be celebrated by every single member in novel Fowles" this Chamber. If people do not go into of communication, work; if they go off the benefit and hnd business, not into essay, work and there is not a valid reason for them to go off the benefit, then you have to five paragraph ask why they would do that. I have asked that question of the Work and Income staff. I have asked that question, because the accusation has been made tonight that they go off the benefit into of communication essay, the food banks. Essays Elie! I have asked that question of the Salvation Army, too, and some of the other food bank providers around—and that is nonsense. That is absolute nonsense. Some of those people have gone off the benefit because they have not fulfilled the obligations that the taxpayers have of them.

In other words, they have not been out looking for work consecutively. This is a small number of people, but we do have obligations. If you are supported by the taxpayer, you are expected to do a number of things. History! In some cases, it is to look after your children well; in some cases it is to be out finding work, but the vast majority of people go off the benefit because they have gone into work. One of the most successful schemes we have been running is 3K to Christchurch—1,900 people.

I remember when Minister Bennett announced it, and she was targeting 1,000 people, particularly young people, moving down to Christchurch, where there was a huge need for construction workers. Actually, when you talk to on other of smoking them today, 1,900 people have accepted that challenge and moved down to Christchurch, and by far the majority are now going into the hospitality sector, are going into the care sector—not construction any more. And that is to history of communication essay be celebrated. Collector" By John Fowles"! Did we hear celebration across this Chamber for those people who had moved off benefit and into work? No, of course we did not.

The Opposition went out and found some employer who said they stayed only for 3 months. This Government is of communication, working hard and five paragraph set up, the staff in the Public Service, in the Work and Income offices, are working hard to support those people into independence, because we know that work is the best way out of poverty, both for those people and, most importantly, for their children. Every step we take should be celebrated. History! The CHAIRPERSON (Hon Chester Borrows) : There are no Labour Party calls available at the moment. The Green Party has four left. JAN LOGIE (Green): I believe every family should have enough to sustain themselves, and that all children in this country should be safe and able to develop to their potential. Supposedly to deliver that goal, this Government’s top-line Better Public Services target is literature, reducing welfare dependency by 25 percent by June 2018. But despite all its media releases telling us how much money it has saved and how many people it has got off benefits, there is no way, on current projections, that it will achieve this target. Work visas match or outstrip new jobs, and job growth is projected to slow and unemployment is projected to increase. Government policies do not support beneficiaries getting into the workforce; they just tell them they need to do it. The Government has refused to pick up my member’s bill to provide workplace protections for victims of domestic violence, something that could significantly reduce the need for income support at all.

The reality is history, that even the chief executive officer of the review, Ministry of Social Development described this target of 25 percent as aspirational, and history, not in the sense that the Minister in the chair, Anne Tolley, suggested as a positive thing, but rather a “we’ll never make it” sense. Then there is the problem that the evidence does not support the Government’s assertion that getting parents off benefits, using its cruel sanctions system, actually reduces child poverty. The Government does not measure the impact of university of chicago essay, its interventions on essay, families or children. It cannot even tell us what happens to people once they are off a benefit, and essays elie wiesel's night, it dismisses the growing number of children in relative poverty as irrelevant. Let me remind you, as we have heard from previous speakers, that this is the Government that says it is all about the data. History Of Communication Essay! It tells us that it is of chicago questions 2008, all about the outcomes and proving it can do it, yet it does not measure the things that matter.

The chief executive officer of the Ministry of Social Development told us that it thinks its case management system will reduce the of communication, number of people on benefits, despite the evidence that was presented to principles unit 4 assignment the select committee showing that it was not likely to. History! So it does not have the targets that are appropriate, it does not have the measures to improve any positive benefit, and collector" novel by John Fowles", then it tells us that a method is going to work to history be able to achieve this, which the evidence says otherwise. Then the Commissioner for Children clearly told us in their hearing that this is the wrong target if we want to improve the well-being of hnd business marketing principles, children. He told the select committee that we need to set four targets: (1), reduce relative poverty; (2), reduce material deprivation and hardship; (3), reduce violence; and of communication, (4), improve housing quality. If we set those targets, we would ensure that our children were safer and healthier and out of poverty. I think we might also need to add another target to collector" novel by John Fowles" that, if that is not too arrogant of me, to history suggest that we have a target of ensuring people are accessing their legal entitlements. Because despite the Minister telling us that when she visits the offices she is hearing that everything is fine, that there is no problem, we do not actually have evidence to tell us that.

In fact, what we had in harmful effects this last year was evidence that despite two court rulings over history of communication, a period of time, Work and the novel, Income refused to change its policy to abide by the actual law, that it refused to give people their legal entitlements that had been twice established by the court. We have no ability to be secure that people are able to essay access their legal entitlements. And I think that was reinforced again by the fact that last month in Auckland, community advocates helped over 700 people at just one Work and Income office over 3 days—700 people, at one office, who had not been able to access their legal entitlements. That, to me, is an indicator, and, at the very, very least, it is smoke. The Government should be taking that seriously and putting in principles unit 4 assignment systems to audit whether people are able to access their entitlements, because we are hearing so many stories, and there is growing evidence that they are not currently accessing their legal entitlements.

If the history of communication, Government was serious about five paragraph addressing actual social harm and improving the health, well-being, educational outcomes, and life opportunities of our families, it would start by ensuring that people got their legal entitlements. Then, I think, it would start listening to the advocates for children and the experts in our society, and follow the advice of the Office of the Commissioner for Children. But it is not serious and, as a result, child poverty remains entrenched. Children keep dying from living in cold, damp houses and history essay, from other low-income-related diseases at a rate of more than one child a week, in this country that we used to call the land of marketing, plenty, where there are so many who still have plenty but who are not sharing. To go back to the Office of the Commissioner for Children, it was deeply disturbing to hear through the of communication, annual review process that the commissioner, who is tasked with the about wiesel's night, absolutely essential role of history of communication essay, monitoring the safety of paragraph essay set up, children in State care, say so clearly that his office does not have the resources to be able to do this properly, that there have been negative audit results where there were concerns for the safety of children, and that it is not able to follow up properly. This is in the context of a 56 percent increase in recorded offences against children in State care since 2009 and a 40 percent increase in sexual abuse against children in our collective care, where the absolutely critical role of the history of communication, watchdog of that system has been so underfunded that it is not able to do its job properly. Of Chicago Essay Questions! That is history of communication essay, a result of this Government’s policy—a Government that has promised, again and again, that this is not OK and university of chicago 2008, that it would fix this. History Of Communication! All we have had is report after report, an marketing unit, expert group, and a reduction in funding, and children have suffered in our collective care while that has been happening. It is time to move forward. Good change is 100 percent possible. It may not be achievable overnight, but it is achievable.

The Green Party would institute policies based on expert evidence and a fundamental belief that family, community, and society can thrive when the safety and other basic needs of our children are guaranteed—when our society is in balance. Currently, the policies of this Government are out of of communication, balance. I look forward to the Green Party rebalancing the the novel, policies in this country in favour of our children and the future of of communication, this country, to give all our families a decent go to unit 4 assignment be able to sustain themselves. JONO NAYLOR (National): I know that the Labour Party members were keen to take some more calls, and I was almost tempted to actually give them one because I was missing out on my dose of fiction this evening, after two weeks of adjournment and having the opportunity to watch a bit of fiction on television. I was getting a good dose of it from listening to the Labour Party speakers, and of communication essay, it was tempting to listen to a few more. Essays! Can I just say, being able to stand up and talk on this subject as a Government member is incredibly heartening. History Of Communication Essay! I feel incredibly proud to be able to stand up and by John, talk about essay some of these things that have been achieved over the last 12 months in this review process. the Novel By John Fowles"! We have a Government that is not afraid to of communication essay tackle the hard issues. We have Ministers in these portfolios who are prepared to face up to where things could be better and to actually do something about it, and I stand here with a sense of essays night, pride in history being part of a Government that is doing some great work in this area. There are almost too many things to talk about.

Some of them have been touched on, but, actually, there is an incredible number of things that are really great that are going on that we can be proud of. For a start, I just want to touch briefly on the overhaul of Child, Youth and Family. This is a critical thing that needed to be done. It was long overdue, and I think we would all agree that the results of the things we were seeing for children in care simply were not good enough. Over the years, as the Minister for paragraph essay set up, Social Development has said, we have had fantastic people who have worked on the front lines in our social services. They have been doing great work with the tools that they have had, but it is time for us to actually realise that some of the processes that we have got do need to come together and of communication essay, work a little bit better. I have reflected on this when we were talking about the collector" Fowles" other legislation. I remember being a social worker 20 years ago—and I still now have the history essay, dilemma in my own head—and, when you uplifted children, wondering whether you were actually, in fact, inflicting more harm on them by bringing them into essays elie night, State care than if you were to leave them in that situation. It is a horrible dilemma to be in, so that is why we have got a Minister who is leading the charge to ensure that Child, Youth and Family will have the overhaul that is required to ensure that we put children at history of communication essay, the forefront of what we are doing and that we improve the level of five paragraph essay, care and we improve the outcome for those children, if they are going to history of communication have the State providing them with the role of parent. I am looking forward to seeing those changes as they come through.

We have heard a lot of harmful effects, talk this evening about housing, and there is this myth that has been put out of communication, there that the Government is sort of flogging off every single State house that is out there. The way it has been talked about— Louisa Wall : Not every single one; just 6,000 of them. JONO NAYLOR : No, but the way it has been talked about is about, overinflated in terms of proportion. History! You know, we are talking about of chicago essay questions 2008 approximately 1,500 houses out of the 60,000-odd houses that are in Government stock. I for one have got to say that just because we had the really good idea some years ago that, actually, there would be a State housing service provided—it has been a good service. It has meant that people have been able to get into housing, and it has done reasonably well. But that does not mean it was the last great idea when it comes to social housing. We are looking to of communication do some other things around social housing. We are looking to short effects improve the service that people receive from the wraparound services that will be provided by community housing providers, and it is just great to history of communication see that, actually, some foresight and some forward thinking is occurring.

I went to Auckland the short essay on other effects of smoking, other week because I have heard so much about Auckland housing. Hon Simon Bridges : What were you doing? JONO NAYLOR : Well, it was something that someone has got to do—you have got to go up there and have a look. I had heard so much disgruntled conversation and talk about the Tamaki redevelopment programme. History Of Communication Essay! People were saying what a terrible thing this was, and I thought that I should probably go and at least have a look to find out what was going on there and to see what the fuss was about. Well, what I saw there was a whole lot of quite rundown, not-fit-for-purpose, old State houses sitting on pretty large sections that were not really necessarily being up-kept because they were too big for people to look after. But actually what is happening now is that those 2,500 houses that are sitting there are becoming 7,500 houses over time. There will still be the same amount of community social housing provision there, but there will also be another 5,000 houses that will be warm, that will be dry, and that will be fit for purpose for the people who will occupy them. This will ensure that we are starting to address the review, need for more houses in Auckland.

There are good things going on in this space, and history of communication essay, this Government is making sure that we are moving ahead, not stuck in the past, not just sticking to the old ways of doing things— METIRIA TUREI (Co-Leader—Green): A fairer future for this country is essay set up, 100 percent possible. Fixing the housing crisis in this country created by National is also 100 percent possible. Solving child poverty, largely caused by National, in this country is history of communication, also 100 percent possible. It comes down to a choice—the choice of having the fairer, cleaner, more sustainable country that New Zealanders want to build, leaving behind the disgraceful record of the National Government, which is driving this country well into the collector" by John Fowles", the past. It is time for us to move forward, and away from these old policies of the of communication essay, past from National, which drive our families backwards, and into the good green changes that can be made for by John Fowles", our families and for our communities. I have to say I found the Minister’s speech tonight disingenuous and disgraceful, frankly.

When she stood up to say how great it was that all these people were moving off the benefit, she could not say where those people have gone. We have asked her for essay, this information before. She does not know whether or not a person who has left the benefit has gone into a great job and is doing well—and we all hope that that is the literature review, case; we all want that to be the case—or is of communication essay, now living in a car with their kids, desperate for a place to review apa guidelines live, desperate for a regular and decent income, and desperate for some respect from the State agencies for which she has responsibility. The thing is, she does not know because her department does not ask, and it does not ask because it does not want to know. It does not want to know because it is of communication essay, interested only in the half measures that make it sound good; meanwhile, our New Zealand families are still living in terrible houses that make them cold and sick, and living on paragraph set up, miserable incomes so they cannot afford to pay the power bill and the rent, and feed their kids. That is the reality for New Zealand families under the National Government.

That is what National has driven this country to, but it need not be like that. History Of Communication! New Zealand can choose a different way. I want to address two issues out of these reports. The first is the Children’s Commissioner’s report and then also the Housing New Zealand report. Let me first congratulate Andrew Becroft on his appointment in the future as Children’s Commissioner. [ Interruption ] That is novel, one of the better decisions made by the Minister—yes, I agree with that. He will be a very fierce advocate for children and young people. He understands—she does not, but he does—how poverty impacts on essay, children, the kinds of university of chicago questions 2008, choices it constrains them to, and the difficulties they get into because poverty has exacerbated the of communication, risks that they face in their lives. He does not judge them and punish them and about, their families in the way that the Minister and her policies do. He is always looking for constructive ways to make sure that these children, these young people, have a path out of the circumstances into which they have been driven.

I am really looking forward to his contribution as Children’s Commissioner. Essay! Let me also say that our team in the Greens and I have really enjoyed working with Russell Wills and with his people as well. Russell Wills has played a critical role in making sure that child poverty is on the political agenda. It is on the agenda of New Zealanders, and the novel, that is part of the reason why New Zealanders over the years are increasingly saying that the gap between rich and poor, and child poverty, are major issues for them in this country. New Zealanders do not want to live in a country where children are going to of communication essay school hungry. New Zealanders do not want to live in a country where they can see the gap increasing between them and the by John Fowles", their neighbours and their friends and their families. They want to live in a country that is inclusive, that is supportive of children, that does not judge people on the basis of their income, and that does not punish them when they are poor. That is what National does. That is not what New Zealanders want to do. Russell Wills, through his work with the Expert Advisory Group on Solutions to Child Poverty and through his continual advocacy around the essay, effects of child poverty on New Zealanders, has been exceptional and has really helped to put child poverty on essays elie wiesel's night, the agenda.

National has traded away the potential of of communication essay, thousands of university, New Zealand children by allowing child poverty and the gap between rich and poor to stagnate at an all-time high. Under National in the 1990s child poverty and inequality rose to record highs, and it has stayed there because National’s policies continue to drive families down. Hon ANNE TOLLEY (Minister for Social Development): I want to take another call because I think, again, we need to put some facts on the table. A number of my colleagues have said that this Government has not been afraid to face the hard issues, and I concur with that. We have not been afraid to face the hard issues. We have not been afraid to history essay invest early in prevention and rehabilitation.

We have been a brave Government that has done things that other Governments have not been prepared to do. I would have to say that we have not been afraid to admit that some things are not working. Literature! In fairness, in last year’s Budget we recognised that there were too many children living in this country who were experiencing hardship. Despite the emotive rhetoric of the previous speaker, Metiria Turei, this National Government was the essay, first Government in 43 years to raise the benefit for questions, families—the first Government in 43 years. That is amazing for any Government to do. When Labour went right through the 2000s with all the money that it had, surplus after surplus, which it told us about, how much did it put into the very poorest in this country?

Absolutely zip. This National Government last month started paying $25 a week after tax to history essay those families dependent on a benefit. About Wiesel's Night! And, what is more, we did not stop there. We said: “Aha, but there are also families who are working, on the lowest of incomes, who also have children who are not experiencing the sort of New Zealand life we want for all New Zealand children.”, and we increased their Working for Families payments as well. That is what this Government has done, and of communication, last month that money started being paid out to those families. I have to literature say—I do not know about history of communication my colleagues, and I certainly do not know about the Opposition—that I have had people in my electorate offices saying: “This has made an enormous difference to us. We hadn’t realised how much difference that extra $25 a week will make to us and to our children.” I come back to the fact that you cannot escape the difference it makes in people’s lives when you help them into independence, so they are not reliant on the State for a benefit. What is more, it makes a difference for their children. Short On Other Effects Of Smoking! This Government has not been afraid to tackle the appalling record of Child, Youth and Family in looking after the children who need State care. We know that we are in for of communication, a complete overhaul of that system. Essays About Wiesel's Night! This Government has not been afraid to tackle the history essay, issue of the apa guidelines, harm caused to women, to of communication children, and to their communities that gangs impose.

The Minister of Police and Minister of literature apa guidelines, Corrections, the Hon Judith Collins, and I have announced a whole range of issues, not just from a law enforcement point of view but as a social development hand as well. I have announced two community pilots where we are trying some stuff to see whether we can make a difference in the lives of mainly the families of gang members who feature too highly in all the deprivation statistics, in all the family violence statistics, in all the history of communication, notifications to Child, Youth and literature review apa guidelines, Family statistics, and I have to history say in about elie wiesel's all the statistics around arrests, prosecutions, and criminal sentences. I come back to history of communication essay the fact that I say that this Government has not been afraid to tackle some of those hard issues, and accept that some of the effects, tried and true things in the past are not working. They are simply not making a difference in people’s lives, and we should stop doing them. We should try to experiment and try to find better ways of changing people’s lives, with the taxpayers’ money that we are investing.

This Government will continue to do that because we are determined to make a difference in the lives of those New Zealanders who rely on the Government to help them when something untoward happens to them. History Essay! METIRIA TUREI (Co-Leader—Green): Yet another half-truth about literature apa guidelines a half measure from this Minister and this Government. Let us make no mistake. Let us talk about the $25 increase in the benefit, shall we? What percentage of beneficiaries is getting the history of communication, full $25? It is about 50 percent—right? Only 50 percent of those who are entitled to that $25 are actually getting $25, because this Government has given with one hand and has taken with another. And 22,000 of short harmful of smoking, those families will be losing money because of the income-related rents.

About 40 percent of history essay, beneficiaries will be losing money from that $25 because of other services or other funding they are getting through the Ministry of Social Development that they will not be entitled to. So when this Minister stands up and says that beneficiaries get $25 extra, she is university 2008, not telling the of communication, whole truth. That is the problem with this Government: yet another half measure that does nothing. Her ministry and Treasury have all said that that $25 will not solve child poverty. So we know that it will not have an appreciable effect on families or bring families out of poverty. Let us talk about another half measure, shall we? This is about housing. As we know, housing—particularly rental housing for poor families—is a key driver to entrenching their poverty because it is expensive, and driving more costs, and because their kids get sick and have to elie go to hospital.

We know that a warrant of fitness—a proper, comprehensive warrant of fitness—for rental properties, to make sure that those rental properties are safe for the families and for of communication essay, the children who live in them, will save lives. It will save lives. Otago University has just in the last couple of weeks come out collector" novel Fowles", with a report saying that insulation to 2008 standards and a heating device saved 19 percent of children in essay those rental homes from essay on other harmful effects of smoking going to of communication hospital—a 19 percent reduction in hospitalisations because of high-quality insulation and a heating device. What is this Government going to on other harmful effects of smoking do with its miserable insulation bill— The CHAIRPERSON (Lindsay Tisch) : I am sorry to interrupt the honourable member but the history of communication essay, time for this debate has expired. A party vote was called for on the question, That clauses 1 to 7 and schedules 1 to essay on other harmful of smoking 4 be agreed to.

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Idioms Denoting Parts of Body Essay. It is common knowledge that one of the most important functions of language is to name the world or express human thoughts through a system of concepts. They exist in association in language and make up a giant network with many interconnection and history of communication essay, association among the various subparts. A good example of this interconnection involves metaphor. Paragraph. Metaphor is used in the literary or poetic language. It is also widely used in every day conversational language. It is obvious that metaphor is history of communication essay utilized to the collector" Fowles" express ideas sensibly and vividly as it has great expressive power. It is capable of conveying more of the human feeling, emotion or attitude toward what is said rather than the non-metaphorical or direct way of expression. The more developed the society is, the history essay more necessary the need of communication becomes; especially in the process of globalization, the communication has spread beyond the boundary of a country. Marketing Principles 4 Assignment. Together with the development of the of communication essay society in the era of integration, language has been clearly recognized as a very important tool in communication with many purposes.

Language can be used to show one’s feeling, attitude, and evaluation. And through communicating, reading newspapers etc., I realize that people often use words, phrases denoting human body to show their feeling, emotion… In our daily life, we can easily recognize words denoting our body parts used plentifully, not only on other harmful effects of smoking individual words but also word combinations containing more than one human body part. Regarding to of communication word groups denoting human body parts, their meanings are not the combination of each word’s meaning only, in some cases, their meanings are quite different from the original meaning. Learning of idioms is important, especially for the foreigner learners. Idioms correspond to a valuable vein in English language, so they need for explanation. Idioms are fixed expressions whose meaning cannot be deduced from the essay 2008 meaning of its components. History Of Communication Essay. Learners of English must be aware that the meaning cannot be taken as a combination of university essay questions 2008 words which the idiom consist of. History. Also behaviour of five paragraph idioms in history of communication essay, sentences is different. One cannot understand literally the meaning of an on other harmful effects of smoking, idiom. Sometimes it seems that it has no sense or it is history of communication essay illogical.

Idioms cannot be changed; especially one cannot use related words when the collector" novel idiom is concerned. Many of them cannot be used in passive form. The structure of idioms is extraordinary. That is why learners of English must know that the most important thing is not learning idioms by rote, but learning how to use them. History Of Communication. If speaker of English knows a lot of five paragraph idioms and he can use them in a right context, he will be able to communicate more easily.

Idiomatic expressions are phrases which use language in a non-literal way. This is history essay why interpretation of idioms is very hard. Idioms are group of words, phrases that meaning cannot be concluded from the essay questions individual words. Of Communication Essay. Every idiom has a deeper, metaphorical meaning. Idioms are very important in life because it is review apa guidelines impossible to speak, read, write and listen to English without knowing idiomatic expressions. Native speakers of English feel more comfortable using idiomatic phrases; however, non-native speakers can be frustrated because the of communication essay true meaning of an idiom is not always clear. One should remember that idioms can be used when every speaker master a language completely. Nowadays, idioms are essential elements that enrich the language. However, one should remember that speech which is overloaded with idioms loses its originality. On the of chicago essay 2008 other hand, lack of of communication essay idioms make that oral or written speech loses much in its expressiveness. A large number of phrases and sentences in the English language are related to body parts.

Some of them are descriptive while others, elusive. Their origins are dated from Biblical times to the recent days. Each generation adds new idiomatic expressions which are connected with their culture. The meaning of idiomatic expressions is indefinable. They show that metaphors are very important in collector" by John Fowles", our lives and that we do not look at things in the way they are in reality, but rather we perceive them through our understanding and our experience of the world.

The present thesis is an attempt at an analysis of English idioms with a body component. Its goal is to study and present the nature of idioms, their connection with culture and context. It is common knowledge that one of the most important functions of language is to history of communication essay name the world or express human thoughts through a system of on other harmful concepts. They exist in association in language and make up a giant network with many interconnection and association among the history essay various subparts. A good example of this interconnection involves metaphor.

Metaphor is used in the literary or poetic language. It is also widely used in every day conversational language. University Questions 2008. It is essay obvious that metaphor is utilized to express ideas sensibly and vividly as it has great expressive power. It is short essay on other effects of smoking capable of conveying more of the human feeling, emotion or attitude toward what is essay said rather than the literature non-metaphorical or direct way of expression. Achilles’ heel= the only vulnerable spot in a person or thing that is otherwise strong; a serious or fatal weakness/ fault After one’s own heart = to like someone because of history of communication essay similar interests An eye for an eye (and a tooth for a tooth)= retaliation/ retribution in kind, a punishment that is as cruel as the crime An eye opener = a surprise; a startling or enlightening experience Armed to the teeth = heavily armed. Behind one’s back = when one is not present. Blue blood = having the qualities of being of noble birth.

Can’t put one’s finger on = can’t locate immediately, can’t find the answer Can’t see beyond the end of one’s nose = limited vision concerning decisions of the future Crocodile tears = false tears, pretended grief. Face to face/ eyeball-to-eyeball = confronting each other. Foul mouth = a user of university essay 2008 profanity. Hand in history, hand= in close association. Hands are tied = restrained from acting. Heart-to-heart = intimate speaking freely and seriously about a private subject I could have bitten my tongue off= sorry you said something. In one ear and out the other = does not heed or pay attention It’s in your hands = it is apa guidelines your responsibility. On the tip of one’s tongue= at the point of telling or recalling One foot in the grave = old and decrepit.

Over one’s dead body= against one’s strong opposition. Right-hand man= chief assistant. To (not) lift a finger= not to history help in the slightest degree. To be all ears = to about wiesel's listen attentively. To be loose–tongued = to talk too much. To be up to one’s ears = immersed in, caught in. To break someone’s heart = cause great sorrow, disappoint someone To breathe down someone’s neck = to follow someone closely in history of communication essay, pursuit, the action of a superior who is looking for marketing principles unit, something wrong or watching someone very closely To bury one’s head in the sand = to refuse to accept facts To catch one’s breath = to rest to regain normal breathing To cry on someone’s shoulder = to go to someone to of communication essay talk to about a problem To foam/ froth at the mouth= to be very angry. To force one’s hand = make one reveal his plans. To get one’s hands on= obtain.

To get out of hand= become uncontrollable. To get through one’s head= to understand or believe. To give one’s right arm = make a big sacrifice; give something of great value To give someone a hand= help, assistance. To go to one’s head= cause dizziness. To have a big mouth= to talk too much. To have a sharp tongue= harsh or sarcastic in speech. To have an short on other, eagle eye= to have an excellent eyesight. For the of communication first time the term ‘phraseology’ appeared in 16th century and it meant ‘style’ or ‘vocabulary’. Collector" Novel By John Fowles". In 18th century it got terminological meaning such as ‘a group of word units’. History. At the same time in most of European languages ‘phraseology’ meant ‘empty words’. New linguistic branch ‘phraseology’ developed in 20th century, mostly in East Europe.

The forerunner of phraseology was Charles. Literature Apa Guidelines. Bally, Swiss linguist. He used the term phraseology when he wrote about different types of word-groups which differ in degree of stability from free word-groups to phraseological units. The study on phraseology was developed by Russian linguists A.A. Shakhmotov and A.D. Of Communication. Polivanov. M. Tarasevitch (1991:448) claims that “[…] linguists became aware of the existence in the language of special larger-than-words units: word-groups consisting of two or more words whose combination is integrated as a unit with a specialized meaning of the whole […]. Russian linguists made an attempt to study various word-groups on a scientific basis. They pointed out the need to establish a new branch of linguistics that would study unusual feature of word-groups.

In linguistics, ‘phraseology’ is about a term used for describing the context in which a word is used. The term also describes various structural and semantic types of phrases characterized by different degrees of idiomacity in given language. It includes typical sequences such as idioms, phrasal verbs, multi-word unit and collocations. “ Phraseology – the words and phrases used in particular profession or activity or a particular way of putting words together to express something” (Macmillan English Dictionary 2007:1119) Phraseology studies compound meaning of two or more words e.g. like a knife through butter. The meaning of the phrase is different from the of communication words used alone. Phraseology studies why such meanings come in review apa guidelines, everyday use, and what possibly are the laws governing these word combinations. At present phraseology is a branch of linguistics studying phraseological units.

According to M. Tarasevitch phraseological units are stable word groups that are not based on the generative patterns of history free word groups and they are characterized by an elaborate meaning. Tarasevitch claims that phraseological unit should have: * Stability of use; * Complexity of meaning and. * Word-groups are not built on the generative pattern of free word-groups. Stability of use means that phraseological units are language units which are members of of chicago essay 2008 a language community. Phraseology is connected with culture and speech community.

Structural separateness helps to distinguish praseological units from of communication essay, compound words. Complexity of meaning signifies the non-compositionality of phraseological units, which mean that the meaning of the whole phrase is different from the sum of literal meanings of the words. University Of Chicago Essay. Each unit is constituted according to its own unique rule, which cannot be predicted. One of three groups of phraseological units is history of communication essay idioms. Phraseological units are stable word groups and they have partially or fully transferred meanings (e.g. kick the bucket). They are lexicalized word group in common use. What is an idiom? “A group of words whose meaning is different from the literature meanings of the individual words” (Oxford Advanced. Learners Dictionary 2000:672) “An expression established in the usage of a language that is peculiar to itself either in of communication, grammatical construction or in having a meaning that cannot be derived as a whole from the conjoined meanings of its elements” (Webster’s Third New International Dictionary 1993:1123) “[…] an idiom is a lexicalized, reproducible word group in common use, which has the syntactic stability, and may carry connotations, but whose meaning cannot be derived from the essays about elie wiesel's night meanings of its constituents” (Cowie 2001:125)

The word ‘idiom’ comes from the Greek root idio, meaning a unique signature. An idiom is an expression, a phrase or a combination of history words that has a meaning that is different from a meaning of the individual words. Each language contains expressions which make no sense when they are translated literally into another language. Sometimes idiom can have literal meaning in some situation and different idiomatic meaning in unit 4 assignment, another situation. It is an expression or a phrase which does not always follow the normal rules of meaning and grammar. If somebody (especially a foreigner or a person outside a given culture) does not know that some words convey a meaning that is unrelated to the individual meaning of those words, he may does not understand what someone is saying. For example: kill two birds with one stone can literally mean that somebody killed two birds with one stone. Of Communication. But the idiom has totally different meaning: one resolves two difficulties or matters with a one single action.

Many idioms are similar to expressions in other languages, can be easy to understand and the collector" by John Fowles", its meaning is usually obvious. History Of Communication Essay. For instance, black ship of the family in Poland can be easily understood because there is an identical idiom and it can be easily translated. Other idioms come from older phrases which have changed their meaning over time, for example, kick the bucket originally referred to suicide victims standing on the novel inverted buckets, they kick them away and in this way hang themselves, but now it means simply to die. Shelley (1995) suggests that some idioms are slang. “Slang seems to mean everything that is below the standard of usage of present-day English” (Galperin 1971:96). Galperin cited a definition of slang of “Webster’s New World Dictionary of the American Language”: “1. Originally, the specialized vocabulary and idioms of history criminals tramps, etc. Essays Wiesel's. The purpose of history which was to university of chicago essay disguise from outsiders the meaning of what was said; now usually called cant. 2. The specialized vocabulary and idioms of those in the same work, way of life, etc.; now usually called shoptalk, argot, jargon. History Essay. “ (Galperin 1971:96). According to Thomas (1995) idioms are known as cliches. Cliches are expressions that have been used over and over marketing unit again. They are overused and common expressions.

Idioms are perceived as a very interesting part of the language because they are different from simple words and phrases. Of Communication. They make language life and rich because they take existing words and combine them with a new sense and create totally new expressions. “[…] language is literature a living thing […]. Living things grow and change, so does language.” (Seidl and McMordie 1988:11) English language being flexible enriches its vocabulary with the history essay words invented by 2008 language speakers, which makes English more colourful with new idiomatic expressions. History Of Communication Essay. Since idioms have unpredictable meaning, structure and collocations, they are linguistic curiosities. In many schools, dictionaries and books idioms are omitted because they are perceived as insignificant. They are rarely used in classrooms.

But in spoken language idioms are used quite often because of its metaphorical meaning. According to Seidl and McMordie (1988) the attitude to language is still changing. It is observed in some parts of grammar (case, number and tense), and in elie, style. Some words which were deemed as slang in the past now are considered informal or colloquial. Idioms are not any longer colloquial expressions. They appear in history, formal style, in poetry and in the language of the Bible. Idioms and culture. “By culture we understand the about elie night ability of members of speech community to history of communication essay orientate themselves with respect to social, moral, political and literature apa guidelines, so on history of communication values in their empirical and mental experience. Cultural categories […] are conceptualized in about, the subconscious knowledge of standards, stereotypes, mythologies, rituals, general habits and other cultural patterns”. (Cowie 2001:57) The term idiom refers to a group of words which are usually confusing to people who are not familiar with the language. Nevertheless, many phrases or expressions from natural language are in fact idioms or have idiomatic origin and of communication essay, they have been assimilated into questions 2008, the language.

Idioms are often colloquial metaphors. They often combine in history of communication essay, their semantics more than one type of cultural information. It means that they require some foundational knowledge, information and experience which are used only within a culture where groups must have common reference. As cultures are localized around some area, idioms are not useful for communication outside of that local context. But there are some idioms that can be more universally used than others, they can be easily translated and short harmful effects of smoking, their metaphorical meaning can be more easily deduced. History Of Communication Essay. Those common idioms have deep roots in many languages, they can be translated in other languages and literature review, tend to become international. Idioms are an essential part of English style language study. History Of Communication Essay. One cannot say that he know English history, culture and collector" novel Fowles", society without understanding the meaning and the roots of English idioms. Each generation has added its new non-literal expressions which are defined by the values, beliefs, traditions, customs and of communication essay, events of the times.

If you master idioms you will be on your path to better understanding English culture, customs, society and literature review, lifestyle of English people. History Of Communication Essay. The idiomatic phrases capture the true essence of society better than its equivalent prosaic description. When one uses idioms among English friends and even business associates, he can create emotional bands that bring him closer to their culture. Mastery of idioms can lead to better understanding of people. Essays Elie Wiesel's Night. Often background information on the origin or popular usage of of communication idioms provides important insight into culture. Different aspects of an literature apa guidelines, idiom. Seidl and McMordie (1988) said that idioms are not only colloquial expressions, but they also appear in formal style and in poetry. Idioms often occur in journalism, radio and magazines to make information, stories and articles more interesting. However, idioms are often connected with informal language. The construction of an idiom is strict and for one it can be odd (e.g. not by a long chalk).

Sometimes the construction seems to be illogical (e.g. for two pins). This is why learning idioms is not only very difficult task but also very exciting and intriguing. People who do not know certain idioms cannot easily understand the others. Such a phrase would not make sense and one cannot deduce what is actual meaning of the history of communication expression. These features causes that idioms have to be learnt as a whole expressions without any changes. Sometimes idioms have alternative forms without any change in their meaning (e.g. to drop a brick and put one’s foot in it mean to say something tactlessly or blue-eyed boy and golden boy – a favoured person). In some cases several verbs can be used in one idiom and the meaning is the same, but sometimes there are slight changes in meaning connected with the review verb which it substitutes (e.g. keep/bear someone in mind, come/get to/reach the point). History Of Communication. An idiom is natural to native speakers of the language and only people who are possess English very good can use idiomatic expressions in five set up, their speech. Idioms have different structures and history, combinations.

They can be short or long, they contain various parts of speech and about wiesel's, they are unpredictable, but sometimes one may guess meaning from the history of communication context, when the idiom is used in marketing unit, a particular situation. Foreigners know the meaning of the history of communication essay idiom when it is related to the mother tongue of the speaker (e.g. be in university essay questions, seven heaven in of communication, Polish its mean byc w siodmym niebie). Some idioms are so difficult that one cannot guess the meaning from the context correctly. It is difficult to learn them. Idioms can change their meaning during period of time or simple phrase can transform into idiom and get deeper meaning as it was with kick the bucket.

Learners of apa guidelines foreign language have to learn idioms as a single item with their meaning. History Of Communication. It is essential to master the rules of their use in sentences. They are strict in the collector" novel by John Fowles", their structure and they do not allow the word order to change. A learner must know how to use an idiom in the correct way. Idioms are not separate part of language, but they are very important part of lexicon.

Languages contain a large number of idioms and sometimes native speakers use them in the unconscious way. There are many problems with idioms. The main problem is of communication that it is marketing unit not usually possible to translate them literally. There are exceptions, for instance, take the essay bull by literature the horns can be translated literally into Polish as wziac byka za rogi, which has the same meaning. Mostly, the use of history essay normal rules in collector" novel by John Fowles", order to translate idioms will result in illogical phrases. Idioms have to be treated as single units in translation. There are idioms which are ‘frozen’. It means that an idiom appears in the same form and in the same order (e.g. for good – ‘forever’).

But, there is problem with idioms which change the form of the verb, which varies according to tense, person and number. For example, kick the bucket (‘to die’) one gets she kicks/kicked/will kick the bucket. History Of Communication. Some people have problem with recognising idioms because they behave like a simple sentence. One can think that the person really kicks the bucket and he does not imagine himself that the person died. The interpretation of the collector" novel by John idioms for one can be surprising. History Of Communication Essay. It is hnd business marketing better to recognise idioms which have ‘frozen forms’. Idioms pragmatics and context. “Pragmatics – the history of communication essay study of the way in which language is used to hnd business principles unit express what somebody really means in particular situations, especially when the actual words used may appear to mean something different.” (Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary of Current English 2000:1031). Of Communication. Pragmatics is involved with the comprehension process. The ability to short essay harmful effects of smoking understand another speaker’s aim is called pragmatic competence.

It is a linguistic study of the way in which people use language to achieve different goals. Suppose a person wanted to ask someone else to reveal a secret. These could be achieved in the different ways. The person could simply say ‘do not tell a secret, please’ which is direct and with clear meaning. Alternatively the person could say ‘do not spill the beans’, which implies a similar meaning but is indirect and therefore requires pragmatic competence.

Idioms play very important role in those studies. Because idioms have general meaning they are rather used to express attitude then give specific information. They are used to express approval or disapproval and of communication essay, admiration or criticism. According to Collins Coubild Dictionary of Idioms (1995) idioms sometimes have connotations and about elie, pragmatic meaning which are not always obvious to people who do not know the history meaning and then the meaning of the expression can be missed. It may happen that somebody can use an university essay questions 2008, idiom and do not realize that it can be interpreted as critical or disapproving. It can cause wrong reaction of the person they are talking to. History Essay. Pragmatics is one of the most challenging aspects for essay, language learners to comprehend, and can be learned by experience. The interpretation of what the speaker wanted to say using particular words is often influenced by factors such as listener’s assumption or the context. In pragmatics two contexts can be distinguished: linguistic context (is the set of words that surround the lexical item) and physical context (is the location of given words, the situation in history essay, which the the novel word is used, as well as timing, all of them lead to proper understanding of the words). 1.2. History Of Communication Essay. Practical Value.

When we use idioms? According to Seild and McMordie (1988) one should know in which situations it is correct to essays about night use idiom and weather an idiom can be used in a formal or an informal situation. English native speakers use idioms all the time, and they often do it in an unconscious way. This means that the of communication communication with them can be very difficult. They use idioms to express something that other words do not express as clearly or as cleverly. Of course choice of words depends on the person who is speaking, on the situation and the place.

If people are friends and they are talking in private there is no reason to avoid using idioms, slang or jargon. But, if in the same situation one of speakers is foreigner they should not use idioms until this person will master the language completely. Of Chicago Essay Questions 2008. Learning idioms cause a lot of troubles to English learners because they do not know the culture and history behind the idioms. That is way they often use idioms inappropriately. Learners use idiomatic expressions carefully because they are afraid of using them incorrectly. In formal situations, it means when one is talking with a stranger or speaks publicly than one should shun idioms. Using idioms one should know whether an history essay, idiom is about elie wiesel's night appropriate in certain situation. When idioms are used judiciously, they can even improve the history of communication atmosphere of hnd business 4 assignment one’s formal writing and provide more interesting descriptions. But when one uses too many idioms, he will damage his work and it will create a wrong impression. History Essay. Learners of foreign language should know that they cannot translate idioms exactly because they achieve ridiculous effect.

The results of short essay harmful effects foreigner’s translation may be bewildering to the English native speaker. Sometimes one may be lucky that the two languages have the same vocabulary. It is connected with close relation between language and history, culture. Idioms can be learnt only by listening to collector" novel by John native speakers or reading texts which contains idioms. “Mastery of idioms comes only of communication slowly, through careful study and observation, through practice and experience.” (Seidl and McMordie 1978:8) Idioms with a body part component. Many English idioms are related to external and internal organs of the human body. Body parts idioms contain following aspects: ? body parts which are connected with senses. ? limbs and essays, limbs’ elements. ? other body parts.

Body idioms connected with senses. Ear – is an organ of essay hearing. It is a part of human auditory system and it is used to listen to the sounds. Ear idioms have both positive and negative meaning. Half of them are positively loaded; the other part is negatively loaded. Eye – is an collector" novel by John Fowles", organ of vision. History. According to Macmillan dictionary (2007) eye is one of two body parts used for collector" by John Fowles", seeing. Most of the idioms are positively loaded.

Nose – it is a part of people’s face that is used for smelling and breathing. Half of nose idioms have a positive meaning the other half have a negative meaning. According to Mcmillan English dictionary (2007) skin is the external layer of human’s and animal’s body. Skin also enables feeling. Body idioms connected with limbs and limbs’ elements.

Arm – is an upper limb of human body with your hands at of communication essay, the end. Short Harmful Of Smoking. Six arm idioms have a positive meaning, one is rather neutral and the others have a negative meaning. Shoulder – it is one of two parts of the body between one’s neck and of communication essay, the top of short essay harmful effects one’s arms. In dictionaries there are many different uses of word ‘hand’. As a body part ‘hand’ is at the end of each arm that people use for picking up and holding things, but it is also used for moving and touching things. Hand provides a good source for metonymic extensions and hand-based idioms convey both positive and negative meanings. That said, a hand that takes does not give, your hand and not the charity of others, someone’s hand outruns his/her tongue (speech), someone’s hand and strike, someone with a long hand, someone’s hand on of communication essay his/her heart, someone with an empty hand, someone with a loose hand, someone with a short hand, someone with a dry hand, someone dug his/her grave by hand, someone withdrew his/her hand from principles unit, someone/ something, soften your hand (imperative), as left by your hand, no power in hand, putting one’s hand in another’s throat and nobody hit him/her on the hand are all instances of hand based idioms that express negative meanings. Fingers are the essay long, thin parts at night, the end of human’s hands. Half of the essay finger idioms have a positive meaning and the other part is negative.

Leg – is review apa guidelines a lower limb of history essay human body with your foot at the end. Bigger parts of leg idioms have negative meaning (5), one is neutral and essay effects of smoking, the rest are positive. Foot – the part of your body that is at the end of the leg on which a human or an animal stands. History Of Communication Essay. Six idiomatic expressions are negatively loaded and hnd business marketing principles 4 assignment, four of history essay them have a positive meaning. Toe is the one of the individual parts at the end of human’s foot.

Only one idiom (be/keep on one’s toes) have a positive meaning, one is neutral (from top to toes) and the rest are negatively loaded. Heart is the organ in human’s chest that makes blood flow around the body. The term refers to our feelings and emotions in reference to people’s character. the Collector" By John. Heart is considered as the most important and influential part of human body. It is the history of communication place where people’s deepest emotions come from. Review. It is history believed that heart controls emotions and it is paragraph used to talk about love and happiness. This is essay why, the most of idioms are positively loaded. Essays Night. 80% of heart idioms contain the word ‘heart’ in Polish and of communication essay, 20% of idioms are not related to heart or feelings. Bone is one of the hard parts that form a fame inside the human’s or animal’s body. Bone function is to paragraph essay move and protect the internal organs of the body. Bones create the skeleton.

This is why they used to represent death. Nowadays, bone idioms are more general and they are not connected with death any more. Most of history of communication essay them (six) have a negative meaning, three are positively loaded and one is literature review apa guidelines neutral. Tongue is the organ in your mouth. It is a long piece of history of communication essay flesh fixed to the bottom of human’s or animal’s mouth. Paragraph Essay Set Up. People use it for of communication essay, tasting and speaking.

Tongue, mostly is use to talk but it also stands for a style of expression, a particular way of speaking and writing. Almost all tongue idioms have a negative meaning, which is surprising. It is the first body part which is so negatively loaded. None of idioms have a clear positive meaning. Only one is neutral: have something on the tip of one’s tongue. Other body parts idioms. Head is the top part of human’s or animal’s body that has brain, eyes, mouth and nose.

Head can also stand for mind and thought. Paragraph Set Up. It is often connected with reason, thoughts or memories. There are many various uses of the term, which are listed in Macmillan Dictionary (2007). Six head idioms have a positive meaning and history of communication essay, four of them are negatively loaded. Head provides an essential source domain for characterizing people human states and behavior. The implicit meanings of essays about head-based idioms are predominantly negative. This being the case, someone’s head getting big – which is equivalent to the English swollen-headed – is used rhetorically as a metonymy to stand for someone who is arrogant, whereas someone with a big head refers metonymically to essay any knowledgeable person (scientist, engineer or professor) who is five most appreciated by others, or to any person in power (minister, prime minister, or university president) who has mastery over issues others do not. Someone with a heavy head, which is equivalent to the English sleepy head, symbolizes a person who is less likely to history essay wake up early and almost misses the clock alarm. Other idioms which also implicate negative meanings include someone’s got dry or solid head, which is a metonymy for the attribute of stubbornness and which is parallel to paragraph set up the English hard-headed, and someone’s head and pillow, which symbolizes loneliness (unmarried or friendless person) and metonymically stands for anybody who need not look after anyone except him/herself.

When someone constructed roads in my head – which is equivalent to the English drilling a hole in someone’s head – is said by someone, then the speaker is complaining that he/she is of communication essay tormented by someone pertinacious, one who is persistently nagging and over-enquiring about something in a very unpleasant manner. The conventional pragmatic implications of the idioms could also be either positive or negative. Instances of university questions 2008 metonymic face-based idioms of negative implications which are of frequent use include someone has been eating my face, someone should not be given face, someone with a bloodless face, someone slept on essay his/her face = someone slept on belly, and someone’s face stops the livelihood. Someone has been eating my face is a metonymic expression used to stand for someone who relentlessly asks about something and about night, insists on his request. This idiom is history of communication also used to hnd business unit stand for creditors who insist on their request and seek to recover debt from debtors. Someone should not be given face is also a metonymy for a meddling person and this idiom is used as advice not to establish a relationship with any such type of people. There are some people who are intrusive overbearing in a very intolerable way, and if someone shows them a good welcome and smile in their faces once, they are encouraged to come back and hope to get more and more, and ask someone at every opportunity to give them what they want. If someone forgives and disregards an history essay, intrusive person’s mistakes, then the apologizer might go too far and keep insulting and literature apa guidelines, hurting the apologize unless the apologizer is stopped from doing so.

Further, there are some disturbing people who overstay their welcomes, in that if respected and welcomed in someone’s home or workplace, they come to visit someone every day in order for the host to undertake the duty of hospitality. For all these possible reasons, some people might use the metonymical idiom of someone should not be given face. Someone with a bloodless face is a metonymic expression that symbolizes rude and history of communication, shameless people who are likely to speak in a way that may be hurtful and offensive to others; people who do not care whether they are right or not due to over brazenness and lack of modesty and understanding. The metonymical idiom of someone slept on his/her face is normally used to describe someone who slept worried or slept because of the severity of fatigue. Finally, the expression someone’s face stops the livelihood is used to describe pessimistic people who are likely to get someone down. It is normally said when someone failed to fulfill something following running into a pessimistic person. Metonymical face-based idioms of positive implications are relatively few and they include you can see your face in about elie wiesel's, it and your face and not the moonlight.

The former is used as a metonymy to signify anything tremendously clean such as car, door, floor, etc. History Essay. It is so clean that one can see one’s face in it as if it were a mirror. The latter is said while addressing the beloved person and used to express the longing and welcome to the beloved person after a long absence. University Questions 2008. Also, someone with white face is a metonymy for a peaceful person who is innocent of some charges blamed on him/her accidently. Back is the history of communication body part that is opposite side to people’s chest, it is between the neck and the top of legs. Half of of chicago back idioms are positive and the other half has a negative meaning. Idioms are one of the most difficult parts of the vocabulary of any language because they have unpredictable meanings or collocations and grammar. One of the main difficulties for learners is deciding in which situation it is correct to use an idiom, i.e. the level of history of communication essay style (neutral, informal, slang, taboo, etc. idioms). Learners of English may also have difficulty deciding whether an idiom is natural or appropriate in essay set up, a certain situation. It is extremely unwise to translate idioms into or from one’s native language. One may be lucky that the two languages have the same form and vocabulary, but in most cases the result will be utterly bewildering to the English native speaker – and possibly highly amusing. Essay. (Seidl 1988)

Today’s English has a general tendency towards a more idiomatic usage. Even educated usage has become more tolerant, so the use of idiomatic expressions increased in literature review apa guidelines, frequency. Idioms are, in a very broad sense, metaphorical rather than literal: they are effectively metaphors that have become ‘fixed’ in language. In some cases, it is fairly easy to see how the idiomatic meaning relates to the literal meaning, in history, other cases, the literal meaning may make no sense at all. The primary goal of this study was to investigate the positive and short essay on other of smoking, negative pragmatic implications of body-based idioms that are enhanced by metonymy. It was found that metonymical idioms that include lexis for head, face, eye, hand, tongue, and leg predominantly implicate negative meanings. History Of Communication. Also, whereas metonymy-enhanced idioms that include body parts such as hair, nose, tongue, teeth, back, skin and blood were found to be expressing positive and negative meanings almost equally, metonymical idioms that are based on essays wiesel's night mouth and neck were found to be conveying positive meaning only. It might be possible to of communication essay argue that the use of the majority of body-based idioms is enhanced by the need to hnd business 4 assignment be polite. Having said that, we could say that the use to which these idioms are established and maintained is to protect the speaker’s and/or the addressee’s face. Idioms in general and those examined in this study in particular are all examples of indirect communication of opinions, human states and behaviour.

Almost every body idiom is history related to literature apa guidelines human being, to its behaviour, qualities and everyday life. Understanding of the metaphorical meaning of idiomatic phrases is related to of communication essay everyday experience and the world around us. It causes that metaphors are very important in people’s lives. This is whyone should know idioms especially when he is learning language. Hnd Business Principles Unit. Metaphors are part of the language. If one understands idioms, he will understand culture of foreign people. 3. Some Examples. If you are all ears, you are very interested and ready to history essay listen to what another person wants to tell you. Tell me what happened – I’m all ears. All in your head.

If something is all in your head, you have imagined it and it is not real. Five Paragraph Essay Set Up. Stop thinking that everybody hates you. It’s all in history, your head. Cost somebody an arm and a leg. If something costs an arm and a leg, it is university of chicago essay 2008 very expensive. This television set cost me an arm and leg. It wasn’t cheap at all. Armed to the teeth. A person who is armed to the teeth is using or carrying a lot of weapons.

The enemy soldiers were armed to the teeth. It was impossible to defeat them. At each other’s throats. If two people are at each other’s throats, they are arguing in an angry way. It looks like they are at each other’s throatsagain. They just can’t agree on anything.

If you have the guts to do something, you are brave enough to do it. He has the guts to express his opinions in public. If you hit a nerve, you upset someone by talking about an uncomfortable topic. I think you really hit a nerve when you mentioned her divorce. Pain in the neck. If someone or something is a pain in the neck, he/she/it is very annoying. Angela is a real pain in the neck. She annoys just about everyone she meets. Pick someone’s brains. If you pick someone’s brains, you ask the essay person for advice, suggestions and information.

I need some ideas. Can I pick your brains? If you play something by ear, you deal with a situation as it develops rather than according to any plan. We don’t have a plan. We’ll just have to play it by ear. Pull someone’s leg. If you pull someone’s leg, you make someone believe something that is not true, usually as a joke. Don’t take her seriously. She’s just pulling your leg. Put your foot down.

If you put your foot down, you stop something from happening by using your authority. She was out of control but her parents finally decided to put their foot down. 1. Courtney, R., Longman Dictionary of Phrasal Verbs, Essex England: Longman Group UK Ltd, 1994; 2. Gibbs, Raymond W. (1994): The Poetics of short effects of smoking Mind: Figurative Thought, Language, and Under-standing. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Of Communication Essay. 3. Gibbs, Raymond W. Berg, E. (1999): Embodied metaphor and perceptual symbols.

Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22, 4. Gibbs, Raymond W., Lima, Paula Francuzo, Edson (2004): Metaphor is five grounded in embodied experience. Journal of Pragmatics 36, 5. Gibbs, Raymond W. Essay. Wilson, Nicole L. Paragraph Essay Set Up. (2002): Bodily Action and Metaphorical Meaning. 6. Goossens, Louis (1990): Metaphtonymy: The interaction of metaphor and metonymy in 7. expressions for linguistic action. Cognitive Linguistics1, 8. Halliday, Michael A.K. (1985): An Introduction to Functional Grammar. Essay. London: Edward Arnold.

9. Short Essay Effects. Hansen, Gyde (2005): Experience and Emotion in of communication, Empirical Translation Research with 10. Think-Aloud and Retrospection. Meta 50, 11. Collector" Novel By John Fowles". Flavell, L. and R., Dictionary of Idioms and history, their Origins, Kyle Cathie LTD, London, 2002; 12. Manser, M., Dictionary of Word and Phrase Origins, London: Sphere Books Ltd., 1990; 13. Hnd Business Marketing. Rogers, J., The Dictionary of Cliches, New Jersey: Wings Books, 1994; 14.

Seidl, J., English Idioms, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988; 15. Warren, H., Oxford Learner’s. Dictionary of history English Idioms, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1994; 16. ***, The COBUILD Dictionary of marketing unit Idioms, London, Harper Collins Publishers, 1995 17. ***, The Longman Dictionary of English Idioms, Longman Group UK Ltd., 1979; 18. ***, The Oxford Dictionary of Idioms, New York, Oxford University Press Inc., 1999; 19. Of Communication Essay. ***, The Penguin Dictionary of English Idioms, Penguin Books Ltd., 1994; 20. ***, The Wordsworth Dictionary of Idioms, Ware: Wordsworth Editions Ltd., 1993; 21. ***, The Wordsworth Dictionary of the by John Fowles" Phrase Fable, Hertfordshire: Wordsworth Editions Ltd., 1993. University/College: University of California. Type of history paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter. Date: 20 February 2017. Let us write you a custom essay sample on Idioms Denoting Parts of Body. for only $16.38 $13.9/page.

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Quick Guide to Professional References. How to Create a Professional References Document. Providing professional references as a job seeker is history of communication certainly not a new practice, however there are two main points to keep in mind for principles unit, today’s job search: Do not include “References available upon request” at the end of essay, your resume. Essay! Employers know you will provide references if they request them, so there is no need to of communication use space on your resume to state the obvious. Create a separate document for your references and only supply this information upon request or at the interview. Five Essay Set Up! With so much of today’s job search occurring online, you do not want your references’ contact information falling into of communication essay the wrong hands or your references being contacted by a potential employer without the heads up from you. At the very least, you want to provide your references’ full name, title, company, address, email, and essays wiesel's night phone number. Use the same overall design to match your resume and cover letter and create a cohesive application package.

How many references you provide will depend on your experience level, however generally at of communication essay least 3 are expected. Example References Format. President, Market Street Advertising. 123 Pleasant Ave. Frederick, MD 21702. Manager, The Home Agency. Frederick, MD 21702. Associate, Custom Design, Inc. Frederick, MD 21702. Multiple Experience Sections On Your Resume.

How to display separate experience paths. The first half of the first page of your resume should be reserved only for literature, the information that will create the most excitement for history, your target audience. If your experience history includes varied roles and/or is not closely tied to your current objective, strategically split your experience history into the collector" novel two separate sections. You may find that your second experience section is not worth including on essay your resume after all, however this strategy does help you determine what, where, and how to include information on your document. For example, a recent BSN graduate may create a “Clinical Rotations” section for page one and an “Additional Experience” section for short on other harmful effects of smoking, page two outlining previous roles that are not directly relevant to of communication nursing, but could emphasize transferable skills. In my previous post, Unpaid Experience on university of chicago essay questions 2008 Your Resume, I went over possibilities for incorporating volunteer work, internships, and history essay other unpaid experience that may be more relevant than your paid experience. Suppose you are a chemistry student with multiple years’ experience as a research assistant as well as part-time gigs as a retail store team leader and principles unit high school tutor. In this case, creating separate “Relevant Experience” and “Additional Experience” sections would be advantageous to ensure you can fit all the important information – summary, key skills, research experience, and education – on the first page and push the other details to page two.

By separating an history essay, otherwise potentially lengthy or random experience section, you have more room for questions 2008, other sections that deserve first page space. Design Ideas for of communication, Resume Core Competencies. Effective ways to display your key skills. We have covered the importance of resume core competencies in novel by John Fowles" past posts, and history you likely understand by now how application tracking systems (ATS) work and how prevalently they are used by essays about wiesel's night, employers. While it is of communication critical to know what to include in this section of your resume, it is also very important to carefully consider how you present your key skills. Remember, your resume will be viewed by five set up, a human after the ATS approves it, so make sure you appeal to both audiences.

Your core competencies section serves two purposes: to help you get past the ATS and of communication essay provide the essay reader with a succinct and easy-to-read list of your top skills. History! Be sure your key skills are brief and dynamic action phrases (project management, client satisfaction, database management), not complete sentences or vague descriptors (go above and beyond, organized, think outside the box). Quick Recap of Core Competencies Tips: Review job postings to see the latest buzzwords employers are scanning for. Gather a list of 10–20 key skills. Place your core competencies section in paragraph essay the top half of your resume. Create a visually appealing design. Beneath the history essay Summary. Above the Summary.

To the Side of the Summary. Key Skills Headlines. These designs can be easily created in Word with the table and bullets tools. Short On Other Harmful! Avoid text boxes and columns, as these are generally not compatible with online job boards. Resume Writing Tips for Accounting Professionals.

Guest Blog by Freddie Rohner, CARW, CRS + AF. As a Certified Resume Specialist in Accounting and of communication essay Finance (CRS + AF), I write a lot of resumes for “numbers people.” The best thing about working with clients in the accounting field is questions 2008 that there are a lot of opportunities available at any given time. No matter what business sector a company operates in, they will always need a dedicated employee to take care of history of communication essay, their money. However, because there are such a wide range of opportunities, that means that the resume must not only be focused on accounting in review general, but rather the particular specialty or expertise you have to offer. Writing resumes for accounting professionals requires strategy, a detail-oriented approach, and most importantly, a focus on essay accuracy and “the numbers,” just like the essays about elie industry itself. As with resumes for other fields, the basic ideas remain the same: the resume must begin with a summary paragraph identifying what you have to offer an employer before moving on to cover your core competencies, professional experience, achievements, educational background, and other information such as licenses/certifications, additional training, affiliations, and community involvement. The most vital aspect of of communication essay, writing an essay questions 2008, effective resume for accounting positions is to of communication keep it simple and adjust your strategy depending on your career level and desired position. Five Paragraph Essay Set Up! Always be sure to flaunt your skills with accounting software like Sage Peachtree, QuickBooks, Microsoft Dynamics GP (formerly Great Plains), enterprise resource planning programs like SAP or MAS 90/200, and/or any recent experience you may have in industry-specific accounting (manufacturing, public, non-profit, etc.). Upper-level accounting professionals like Chief Financial Officers and Controllers require a strategy that highlights the contributions you have made to the company as a whole.

Did you implement a new software system to expedite internal reporting? Did you perform cost analyses that saved the company significant amounts of money? Additionally, you must tout your leadership skills, teambuilding abilities, budget management expertise, post-graduate degrees (MBAs), and certifications such as CPA, CMA, CFA, CIA, and CFE. Mid-level accounting professionals such as Accounting Managers, Auditors, and Staff/Senior Accountants will also need to show a requisite level of leadership abilities, but for this level of job seeker, the hands-on work of history of communication essay, accounting must be highlighted. Hnd Business Principles Unit 4 Assignment! Did you effectively manage accounts payable/receivable duties? Did you perform financial reporting and general ledger reconciliation duties in a timely manner? Did you maintain accurate records and ensure quick and problem-free external audits? The proficiency with which you can supervise and history essay perform the “nitty-gritty” accounting work is short essay on other effects what will separate you from the crowd and ensure success in history of communication essay your job search.

Finally, entry-level accounting positions such as Junior Accountants, Bookkeepers, Accounts Payable/Receivable Clerks, and Accounting Assistants will more than likely have experience in a certain aspect of the financial reporting/administration process. About Elie Night! For this reason, the best way to present yourself in this early stage of your career is to highlight the specific experience that you have within the accounting field and tout your soft skills and intangibles like abilities in customer service, vendor relations, data entry (and accuracy), technical troubleshooting, and essay records management. When writing your resume for positions in the accounting field, the most important thing to keep in mind is that the essay on other effects document must answer that simple question, “Why would this candidate be the best applicant for history essay, the position?” Always keep the reader in mind when writing your resume and be sure to focus on your results and specific expertise to paragraph prove to history of communication essay the potential employer that you’ve solved similar problems to theirs in the past and have the skill set needed to help them manage their business effectively. By Natalie Urquhart, CARW. Quick tips for updating your resume. A new year inspires change. Short Essay On Other Effects Of Smoking! Even if you are not actively searching for a different position, channel some of that energy into updating your resume so it is ready to of communication essay go if a new opportunity arises. Here are a few things to keep in university of chicago questions 2008 mind as you revitalize your document: Contact information. Don’t forget to review your contact information to history of communication ensure your email address, phone number, and physical address are still correct. New targets.

Changing careers? Targeting a different industry? Update your resume to reflect this. Modify your summary and key skills sections to appeal to your new audience. If you have a “Select Achievements” or “Career Highlights” section, be sure to include content that is relevant and exciting to hiring managers in your new field. Do your research to find out which buzzwords you should include.

New qualifications. Did you achieve a degree last year? Receive a certification? Master a software program? Enroll in an academic program? Add these details in to your resume. Conversely, designate any expired qualifications such as inactive licensure or memberships as appropriate (or simply delete them). Be sure all of the 4 assignment content in of communication essay your resume is up to hnd business marketing principles unit 4 assignment date.

Pay attention to dates. History! If it has been several years since you updated your resume, you may have information in your document that is doing more harm than good. Generally, dates and essays wiesel's night details from 15 or more years ago should be eliminated. Adjusting your career history. Adding in your latest and/or current position will affect the spacing of the rest of your document. Check to see if your resume spills onto an additional page and consider eliminating your furthest back position to make room for the new one.

If a current position on your old resume is no longer current, be sure to adjust the dates and ensure all content is history of communication presented in past tense. Review! Review the entire document. Even if you made only a few changes, review your document in history essay its entirety for errors, repetitive content, or spacing issues. Of Chicago Questions! Create multiple file types. History Of Communication Essay! Once you have finalized your new resume, create Word, PDF, and plain text versions to meet the varying requirements of collector" by John, online job boards and history essay applications. Take this quiz to find out! How long is your resume? What font is your resume in? Book Antiqua, Calibri, Cambria, Times New Roman, Garamond, Georgia, Arial, and/or Tahoma Century Gothic, Palatino, Comic Sans, Kristen ITC, and/or Monotype Corsiva Rage Italic, Algerian, and/or Curlz MT. How many font types do you use?

What size font is the body of your resume? What color is the bulk of the text in your resume? How many colors do you use overall? How much white space is on your resume? At least half an inch on the top and bottom and a few spaces between each section One space between each paragraph As little as my printer allows. If you answered “1” for most of these questions, your resume is likely very inviting to the collector" novel by John Fowles" read. If you leaned more towards the history of communication essay “3” answers, you may want to the collector" by John consider making some design changes. View your resume both on screen and on paper. Share it with trusted friends and family members who will give you their honest opinion on the overall look. Keep your audience in of communication essay mind at all times – even if lime green is your favorite color, it may be distracting from the most critical part of your resume: the content.

You may have been able to keep your resume within two pages, however shrinking the font down to such a small size that it’s difficult to read defeats the purpose. Don’t let poor design choices dissuade employers from reading your resume. Remember: content should always drive your format choices, not the other way around. Contract Positions The Umbrella Format. How to strategically display short-term positions on paragraph your resume. In some industries contract positions are the norm, but can be a challenge to lay out on history a resume.

Short-term positions often carry the stigma of job hopping and literature review can be difficult to essay squeeze into two pages. A great strategy to use for displaying contract roles is the “umbrella” format. Suppose you have freelanced, worked for the same parent company, or been employed by the same staffing organization since 1995, however traveled extensively across the country to complete projects for a variety of clients. University Essay 2008! By listing each client underneath the umbrella of your parent company (or your own firm if you were self-employed), you clearly show longevity with one organization (instead of appearing as though you have had 7 short-term positions with 7 different companies because you couldn’t hold a job). Depending on the amount of assignments and scope of responsibility, you may also opt to include specific details for only your top projects.

It is history essay advantageous to clearly designate positions that are contract as well. Five Set Up! Don’t force the essay reader to draw their own conclusions about about elie why you were in a specific role for a short period of time.

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70 useful sentences for academic writing. Back in essay, the late 90s, in essay on other harmful effects, the process of reading for my MA dissertation, I put together a collection of hundreds of sentence frames that I felt could help me with my academic writing later on. And they did. History Of Communication? Immensely. After the course was over, I stacked my sentences away, but kept wondering if I could ever put them to good use and perhaps help other MA / PhD students. So here are 70 sentences extracted and adapted for from the original compilation, which ran for almost 10 pages.

This list is organized around keywords. Before you start: 1. Pay close attention to the words in short essay harmful effects of smoking, bold , which are often used in conjunction with the main word. 2. [ ] means #8220;insert a suitable word here#8221;, while ( ) means #8220;this word is optional.#8221; 3. Keep in of communication essay, mind that, within each group, some examples are slightly more formal / less frequent than others. b. There seems to be no compelling reason to argue that ___. c. As a rebuttal to five paragraph essay this point, it could be argued that ___. d. There are [three] main arguments that can be advanced to support ___. e. The underlying argument in history of communication, favor of / against [X] is that ___. a. In this [paper], I put forward the claim that ___. c. There is ample / growing support for the claim that ___. e. Taking a middle-ground position, [X] claims that ___. a. The data gathered in short on other harmful, the [pilot study] suggest that ___. b. The data appears to suggest that ___. c. The data yielded by history of communication essay, this [study] provide strong / convincing evidence that ___. d. A closer look at the data indicates that ___. e. The data generated by [X] are reported in short on other effects, [table 1]. Of Communication Essay? f. The aim of this [section] is to generalize beyond the marketing, data and ___. b. There has been an inconclusive debate about whether ___. History Essay? c. The question of whether ___ has caused much debate in [our profession] [over the years]. On Other Harmful Effects Of Smoking? d. (Much of) the essay, current debate revolves around ___. a. In this section / chapter, the discussion will point to ___. b. Marketing Principles Unit 4 Assignment? The foregoing discussion implies that ___. c. For the history of communication essay, sake of discussion , I would like to argue that ___. d. In this study, the essay on other effects, question under discussion is essay ___. e. In this paper, the discussion centers on ___. f. Marketing Principles Unit? [X] lies at the heart of the of communication essay, discussion on ___. a. The available evidence seems to suggest that ___ / point to ___. b. Literature Review? On the basis of the evidence currently available, it seems fair to suggest that ___. c. There is overwhelming evidence for the notion that ___. d. Further evidence supporting / against history of communication [X] may lie in essay, the findings of [Y], who ___. e. History? These results provide confirmatory evidence that ___. a. I will now summarize the ground covered in this [chapter] by ___. b. On logical grounds , there is no compelling reason to argue that ___. c. [X] takes a middle-ground position on [Y] and essays about wiesel's, argues that ___. d. On these grounds , we can argue that ___. e. [X]#8217;s views are grounded on the assumption that ___. a. This study is an attempt to address the issue of ___. b. History Of Communication? In the present study, the issue under scrutiny is ___. c. The issue of whether ___ is clouded by the fact that ___. d. To portray the issue in [X]#8217;s terms, ___. e. Given the centrality of this issue to [my claim], I will now ___. f. This [chapter] is concerned with the issue of collector" novel by John, [how/whether/what] ___. a. [X] is history prominent in the literature on [Y]. b. There is a rapidly growing literature on [X], which indicates that ___. c. The literature shows no consensus on [X], which means that ___. d. The (current) literature on university essay, [X] abounds with examples of ___. a. History Essay? The main theoretical premise behind [X] is that ___. c. [X] is short essay of smoking premised on of communication essay, the assumption that ___. Marketing Principles? d. The basic premises of [X]#8217;s theory / argument are ___. e. The arguments against of communication [X]#8217;s premise rest on [four] assumptions: ___. a.This study draws on research conducted by ___. b. Although there has been relatively little research on / into [X], ___. c. Paragraph Set Up? In the history essay, last [X] years, [educational] research has provided ample support for the assertion that ___. d. Current research appears / seems to validate the short essay on other effects of smoking, view that ___. e. Research on / into ___ does not support the view that ___. f. Further research in this area may include ___ and ___. g. Evidence for [X] is history borne out by the by John Fowles", research that shows ___. Essay? h. There is insufficient research on / into ___ to draw any firm conclusions about collector" by John Fowles" / on ___. a. The consensus view seems to be that ___. b. [X] propounds the view that ___. c. Current research (does not) appear(s) to validate such a view . d. There have been dissenters to the view that ___. e. History Essay? The answer to [X] / The difference between [X] and [Y] is not as clear-cut as popular views might suggest. f. The view that _____ is in line with [common sense]. Apa Guidelines? g. I am not alone in my view that ___. h. [X] puts forward the view that ___. i. [X]#8217;s views rest on history of communication essay, the assumption that ___. If you found this list useful, check out the collector" novel by John Fowles" The Only Academic Phrasebook You#8217;ll Ever Need , which contains 600 sentences, as well as grammar and vocabulary tips. E-book and paperback available on Amazon.

171 thoughts on “70 useful sentences for academic writing” This is of communication essay incredible! Many, many thanks! I#8217;ll start putting these into use immediately in my DipTESOL assignments. Higor, glad I could help. Um abraco! Thanks for letting out university questions such a list. Of Communication? Seems to be of great help. Great list, Otavio! Thank you! You#8217;re welcome, Eduardo! #128578; Wonderful! It will help indeed!

Thanks very much! Be sure to check out my e-book, too, which contains 600 sentences, as well as grammar and collector" novel by John Fowles", vocabulary tips: This is very helpful, I wish I had known about this fabulous choice of words during my first year of graduate study. Of Communication? If you feel you need more help, check this out: Thanks, Luiz! This list is gonna be so useful! You#8217;re welcome, Michele! What a marvelous list. Thanks for your generosity. Melanie, thank you! my friend i cant access this book from my country pakistan#8230; can u please tell me another source. Really nice, Luiz.

I particularly like #8216;yielded#8217;. I#8217;ll definitely try to put them to good use during my next assignment. I remember teaching you #8220;yielded#8221; back in the, 1875, in MAC something. Maybe that#8217;s why. #128578; 1875? You#8217;ve been around awhile. Of Communication? Wonderful Listing Dear Brother #128578; Why were some alphabets left out ? Sure there would have been a GR8 reason ! Am converting this into questions 2008 a ppt and share it for many to history more to access hope no problems brother #8230;. LOL n Laughter all the way from Mumbai, INDIA. Literature Apa Guidelines? Thank you for dropping by. You can share the list with as many people as you like, of course. Please do acknowledge the source, though, ok? Maybe this will encourage more people to visit the history, blog.

What a wonderful list, very much needed for EAP learners (not to mention any academic writer). I#8217;ll definitely make use of it. Novel Fowles"? Thanks. #128578; Tyson, thank you for history of communication essay, your kind words. Short Effects? Much appreciated! This is a great source and I will definitely use it in my current literature review class. My professor provide us with your Blog. I am very glad for history of communication, two reasons, your Blog is a great source, and I think you are Brazilian ? I am from Sao Paulo, and as an review apa guidelines International student I struggle written in English. History Of Communication? Muito#8230; muito obrigada pelas dicas. Thank you, Dora! Yes, I am Brazilian.

Such a great work! It helps me to improve my English#8230;Keep It Up. Data is the plural of datum. Therefore, it should read #8220;The data appear#8230;#8221; Thanks for essay, stopping by. Both usages are correct. If one treats #8220;data#8221; as a singular / mass noun, a singular noun should be used. Here#8217;s what the Oxford Dictionary has to history of communication say: #8220;In Latin, data is the plural of datum and, historically and in specialized scientific fields , it is also treated as a plural in English, taking a plural verb, as in the data were collected and classified . In modern non-scientific use, however , despite the complaints of traditionalists, it is often not treated as a plural.

Instead, it is treated as a mass noun, similar to a word like information, which cannot normally have a plural and which takes a singular verb. Sentences such as data was (as well as data were ) collected over a number of years are now widely accepted in standard English.#8221; So I think it ultimately depends on the stylistic constraints of the hnd business marketing principles 4 assignment, piece of history, writing at hand and on the norms adopted by the academic institution you#8217;re writing for / on behalf of. But if history is anything to go by, I think very soon #8220;datum#8221; will be as rare as, for example, #8220;agendum.#8221; What a wonderful list: thank you for sharing. I#8217;m going (with your permission) to marketing use it with my EAP class. I have other lists (including from the of communication essay, Manchester phrase bank) but this is a list of phrases that have been used rather than could be used. Christine, I appreciate your kind words.

Of course you can use it! If you feel that your audience would profit from any of the stuff on this blog (aimed at by John, teachers of English as a foreign language), please just say where the sentences were taken from, ok? Every little thing than can increase traffic helps! And you#8217;re so right about the history, #8220;what people do say#8221; vs. #8220;what people could say#8221; dilemma. Before I put this list together, I made a point of googling each one to essays elie wiesel's check its approximate frequency. This alone sifted out at least half of my original list. Best regards from Sao Paulo, Brazil. These are invaluable, and they#8217;ll be put to history of communication immediate use in ICELT tasks. Thanks a million! Jessica, I#8217;m so glad you#8217;ll be able to use some of them. Um abraco!

Thanks a zillion for five paragraph, sharing, Luiz! Assessors worldwide will be amazed at how much the quality of candidates#8217; writing has improved! hehehe. We sure hope so, right, Marcia? #128578; Thanks for stopping by. Thanks for putting this work together. History Of Communication? I am preparing my readings for the Dissertation and in my collection your list of phrases will be useful. Very useful Christine and thanks for sharing. Thank you, Salma. What a fabulous resource for international students as well! Thank you.

Cally, thank you! Just great! Thanks for sharing it. You#8217;re welcome, Bruno! Thanks for sharing. Definitely I will use some ideas for my TEFL essay. Patricia, I#8217;m glad you found the list helpful! Courageous, generous and much appreciated. Thank you for your kind words, Chris.

Bonjour, English is not my first language and the information contained on this page helps me to construct proper essay sentences. Obrigada ! Bonjour, Denise. Literature? As a non-native speaker myself, I know the feeling and I#8217;m glad I was able to help! thank you for this! it helps me tremendously #128578; You seriously saved my life when I was writing a paper due the very next day. I have bookmarked it and it will be my go-to blog for future writing assignments! Thank you for your contribution. Glad I could help, Johana! Thank you for this- it is history of communication essay fabulous! Really helpful tips for writing good research papers also useful to students of literature. Great tips indeed. I think these tips must be shared with every student of literature, literature as there are lot many things they have to essay know. Thanks a lot.

What an review incredible work!! I will use it with my students #128578; Thank you, Serena. Incredible! Senor Barros, thank you for history, sharing. I#8217;ve never seen something like this beforegood prompts for writing. Ken (ESL Teacher from Thailand) Thanks, Ken. the Collector" Novel By John Fowles"? I appreciate your feedback. Essay? These sentences are Fantabulous#8230;. (Thumbs Up For You)

Completely agree. Fantastic expressions. Gonna have to study them for short on other harmful of smoking, some upcoming papers!! Luizo, it was really generous of you to have shared such a useful collection. English is my third language and history essay, was I having difficulty writing my dissertation. Hopefully your gift will help.

I cannot thank you enough. I hope one day I too can help by set up, uploading something this useful, free. You are a saint. your sentences are great I am going to use them as much as possible. History Essay? ighly descriptive post, I l³ked that a lot. Short Essay Effects? Will there. 10000 times thanks. Thank you a lot for sharing these useful and practical verbs and phrases ! Habib, glad I could help! Nice Work! Exactly what I was looking for classroom debates!

Honestly, I would seriously LOVE to see the original 10 page list. Essay? Thank you so much you have just saved me hours of trying to make my Masters assignment sound convincing! Thanks for the novel Fowles", what you#8217;ve done Luiz#8230; And give a try at updating the list, if possible. History? Thank you alto, this is a great list. I prepare for TOEFL but my writing is awful, I hope by using this list it improve. Can I send my writing to short effects of smoking you? The list is really wonderfully helpful for any teacher or student in writing a dissertation.

Thank you so much are very goods to my tesis. THANKS FOR HELPING PEOPLE. Thanks so much for your generosity. Just about to embark upon my MA dissertation and feeling very insecure, nervous and low in history of communication, confidence: the cosmic kick in the bottom, desperately needed! This is an awesome collection dude! I was looking something like this for my writing in apa guidelines, TOEFL test! Thanks for the list!

It#8217;ll really give me a boost for my future works! Thank you very much. It is very helpful. thank you for the list, most helpful. Luella. i been using these for a yr and my grades incresed dramatically now i have got an op 2 i can#8217;t thank u enough for these thank u. This is history essay very useful. IF I rate it I will 10. But I hope u will also common phrases that commonly use in hnd business marketing principles 4 assignment, school reporting. Btw, I am a filipino. This is brilliant! thanks!

Thank you so much. Great work. Thanks, I find many of the essay, phrases very useful for my own work. the By John? However, I see in general a tendency of history essay, being too wordy. This probably depends somewhat on the branch of science you#8217;re working in. For example, a phrase such as #8220;The available evidence seems to suggest that#8221; uses two hedges (suggest, seem) to mitigate the strength of #8220;evidence#8221;). University Essay? If there#8217;s a lot of such phrases in a paper, the readers just won#8217;t believe what your saying. First, I would like to say thank you so much for helpful idea and I really need to improve me academic English vocabulary but I t is still problem to improve it. Who will help me that. Very good work and can be updated to help postgraduate students in their writing. History Of Communication Essay? Thank you!

There#8217;s some exciting news on the horizon, Abdulghadar. Stay tuned! I find the examples very helpfu and would like to have your permission to share these information for my students please. Juliana,check out “The Only Academic Phrasebook You’ll Ever Need”, which I’ve just published: 2008? What a great list, greetings from Poland! Titoszka,check out history “The Only Academic Phrasebook You’ll Ever Need”, which I’ve just published: Elie Wiesel's? These phrases are going to be very very very useful for me#8230; Thanks a lot. Akshita,check out “The Only Academic Phrasebook You’ll Ever Need”, which I’ve just published: Thank you very much, these sentences will help a lot. Thank again. Djibril,check out “The Only Academic Phrasebook You’ll Ever Need”, which I’ve just published:

Thank u so much:) Thank you for this list. I m sharing it with my friends right now. It#8217;s a great source of good wordings))) Anastasia,check out “The Only Academic Phrasebook You’ll Ever Need”, which I’ve just published: History? Hey this source is great!

Thanks for about night, sharing. Jen,check out “The Only Academic Phrasebook You’ll Ever Need”, which I’ve just published: A brilliant resource for teaching academic writing, thank you! Sharon,check out “The Only Academic Phrasebook You’ll Ever Need”, which I’ve just published: It is perfect list!

Thanks a lot. Glad you found it useful! Kostas, check out history of communication essay “The Only Academic Phrasebook You’ll Ever Need”, which I’ve just published: Dear LUIZ OTAVIO, Nice list, It could be much greater If you could add any other vocabulary to use for academic writing in you blog. Dear Professor Avinash, check out “The Only Academic Phrasebook You’ll Ever Need”, which I’ve just published: Hnd Business Principles Unit? Luiz your list is of communication a time saver. you are very thoughtful.

Thank you! Diana,check out “The Only Academic Phrasebook You’ll Ever Need”, which I’ve just published: Thank you so much for posting this list, I#8217;ve been using it for last 3 years of my uni! Mac, check out “The Only Academic Phrasebook You’ll Ever Need”, which I’ve just published: Ottotito, check out “The Only Academic Phrasebook You’ll Ever Need”, which I’ve just published:

from Saudi Arabia, i would like a to thank you for those great expressions LUIZ, I admit using some of them to essay harmful of smoking improve my daily English Emails as well #128578; Majed, check out “The Only Academic Phrasebook You’ll Ever Need”, which I’ve just published: Dear Louiz, I am writing my PhD proposal and this is just what I need. History? Thanks a lot. Literature? Marie, check out “The Only Academic Phrasebook You’ll Ever Need”, which I’ve just published: Thanks a lot. It is very useful. Scorneo, check out “The Only Academic Phrasebook You’ll Ever Need”, which I’ve just published: Thanks a lot. It is very useful#8230; This is what I am looking for !! Thank you so much.. I will use them in may graduation research .. Hela, check out history “The Only Academic Phrasebook You’ll Ever Need”, which I’ve just published:

Thank you for sharing your superb list! Naz,check out “The Only Academic Phrasebook You’ll Ever Need”, which I’ve just published: the Collector" Novel Fowles"? Thanks a lot. It is history essay very useful. Kasra, check out “The Only Academic Phrasebook You’ll Ever Need”, which I’ve just published: Thank you so much, i am using your sentences in my thesis.

Minoo,check out “The Only Academic Phrasebook You’ll Ever Need”, which I’ve just published: Thank you for your help you realy helped me interms of academic work.please now will you help me on prepositions?this is when am learning English. Hi Micheal, check out “The Only Academic Phrasebook You’ll Ever Need”, which I’ve just published: I heaved a sigh of relief. Because this is my major struggle in writing academic papers.

Remain blessed for sharing. Blossom, check out “The Only Academic Phrasebook You’ll Ever Need”, which I’ve just published: Luiz, this is AWESOME! I#8217;m so grateful for this. Hnd Business Principles 4 Assignment? Currently I#8217;m roasting over my dissertation and this prompts lubricate the history essay, brain and neuro pathways. University Of Chicago Essay 2008? Thank you so much for your generosity. Blessings to history of communication you! Sarah, check out #8220;The Only Academic Phrasebook You#8217;ll Ever Need#8221;, which I#8217;ve just published: Sarah, check out: “The Only Academic Phrasebook You’ll Ever Need”, which I’ve just published: Review Apa Guidelines? im impressed Luiz. Thank you.

Check out history essay “The Only Academic Phrasebook You’ll Ever Need”, which I’ve just published: Sharing this list with my IELTS students in 3, 2, 1#8230; Thanks, Jorge. For those who want more sentences + grammar and five paragraph essay, vocabulary tips, you can also recommend “The Only Academic Phrasebook You’ll Ever Need”, which I’ve just published. Of Communication Essay? It#8217;s available on Amazon: Thank you. This is a bookmarked item. Be sure to check out my e-book, too: It contains 600 sentences, as well as grammar and about wiesel's night, vocabulary tips. A thousand million thanks. You’re welcome, Pat! If you feel you need more help, check this out: 5 bucks only and it contains 600 sentences + lots of of communication, grammar and vocabulary tips.

This seems a lot like the book They Say, I Say which was first published in 2006. Hnd Business Marketing? Hi Joelle. Thanks for history of communication, the reference. Just checked a sample on Amazon. Seems like a great book. Marketing Unit 4 Assignment? The sentences above, however, are all formal. Of Communication Essay? As far as I could tell, They Say, I Say includes a number of more neutral #8220;templates#8221; that students can use, say, in high school essays. E-book is not available.. the Collector" By John Fowles"? only the paperpack #128577; This is good, it will really help in history, preparing my research manuscripts for publication. Glad you find it useful! Yo have no idea how much I use this page for review apa guidelines, my papers. Special thanks to history of communication essay you!

I#8217;m glad you find it useful! Thanks a lot for your tremendous work, it is helpful and sophisticated. May you be rewarded. Unit 4 Assignment? Found the compilation very helpful. kudos! Thank you, Abdus. Great list! You have just saved my Final degree project. I#8217;m non-native English speager, and taking writing class. Of Communication? it really helped alot.


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essay times Nicholas Handler, is a junior at Yale University majoring in history. Handler is active in social justice organizations and hopes to become a human rights lawyer. I never expected to history gain any new insight into paragraph essay the nature of my generation, or the changing landscape of American colleges, in Lit Theory. Lit Theory is supposed to history of communication be the questions 2008 class where you sit at the back of the room with every other jaded sophomore wearing skinny jeans, thick-framed glasses, an ironic tee-shirt and over-sized retro headphones, just waiting for lecture to be over so you can light up a Turkish Gold and walk to lunch while listening to Wilco. That’s pretty much the way I spent the course, too: through structuralism, formalism, gender theory, and post-colonialism, I was far too busy shuffling through my iPod to see what the patriarchal world order of capitalist oppression had to do with Ethan Frome. But when we began to study postmodernism, something struck a chord with me and made me sit up and of communication essay look anew at about the seemingly blase college-aged literati of which I was so self-consciously one. Letter: Fortunately, College Has Changed. This is in regard to of communication essay your college essay contest that took place last year. The essay entitled Fortunately, College Has Changed by Matthew Bender from the University of Arkansas has several factual errors and insinuations.

Then entire first and second paragraphs are neither chronologically or factually correct. How do I know that there are errors? Because I am Mervin Jebaraj, the person referred to in the opening paragraph. 1. A committee of students wrote the actual text of a proposed bill not a note. Hnd Business Marketing Principles. The idea began in history of communication November of 2007 and not in the spring. 2. There was no staying up all night, and there was no on novel, campus bbq. The committee obtained a meeting with Sen.

Madison after a lot of work and didn’t just pass a note to her. The committee also spent months working with her and history of communication essay other legislators. to see the of chicago resolution passed. We don’t appreciate the trivialising narrative of our work. 3. The resolution never asked for the creation of history of communication socially aware investments, the options already existed. 4. The conference I went to the was well after the divestment process and history essay was to share ideas about divestment with others as opposed to receiving inspiration for divestment.

5. There is an implication that I was skinny dipping and smoking marijuana in Belize. Neither is true. I hold the New York times in the highest regard and hope that you will take this seriously. In the future, I hope you check the. veracity of statements made before you publish them. Mervin Jebaraj, Research Assistant, Center for Business and elie Economic Research.

Liz Addison , 38, is a biology major whose goal is to become a large animal veterinarian. History. She has trained a winning racehorse and is interested in American presidential history. Oh, the hand wringing. “College as America used to understand it is coming to an end,” bemoans Rick Perlstein and his beatnik friend of fallen face. Those days, man, when a pretentious reading list was all it took to lift a child from suburbia. When jazz riffs hung in the dorm lounge air with the smoke of a thousand bongs, and college really mattered. Of Chicago Essay Questions. Really mattered? Rick Perlstein thinks so. It mattered so much to him that he never got over his four years at the University of Privilege. History Of Communication. So he moved back to live in university questions 2008 its shadow, like a retired ballerina taking a seat in the stalls. But when the curtain went up he saw students working and studying and working some more.

Adults before their time. Today, at the University of Privilege, the history of communication student applies with a Curriculum Vitae not a book list. Shudder. Frankie Thomas , is a junior majoring in cinema-television critical studies, with a minor in gender studies. Her immediate plans include dropping out at essay on other harmful of smoking the end of the year to write and/or travel. History Of Communication Essay. She is literature a film maker and a blogger, with interests ranging from the social history of the Victorian era to birdwatching to history of communication essay the novels of Dawn Powell. I had the kind of college experience most people only dream about. Charged by the atmosphere of collector" novel by John intellectual exploration, inspired by professors who pushed me farther than I’d ever imagined I could go, I made fascinating new friends at Skidmore; together we discovered Nabokov and Kafka, Citizen Kane and Dr. Strangelove, and our own literary voices. It was a three-week summer program.

I was fifteen. Now I’m twenty, halfway toward graduating from University of Southern California, and if I had a thousand dollars for history of communication every college student I know who Struggles With Depression…well, I still wouldn’t have enough money to pay my full tuition. But it would keep me going for university a semester or two, assuming I didn’t lose my own struggle and history of communication drop listlessly out. As our SATs would have put it, “depression” is to “college campus” as “consumption” is to “Victorian orphanage,” and literature apa guidelines ours is a generation of wheezing waifs. Max Lance , 23, is a freshman at USC’s School of of communication Cinematic Arts, majoring in writing for film and the collector" by John Fowles" television. He hopes to make his mark either with a “life-changing TV show” or by “marrying someone rich.” When I dropped out of college three years ago I would have completely agreed that college isn’t the cultural experience that it was hyped up to be. Of Communication Essay. As I return this September, I’ve realized that it’s a good thing it isn’t. I completely agree that college as America used to know it has come to an end, but I believe that schools have changed for collector" by John Fowles" the better.

The problem I had when I quit school the first time around was that I never adjusted to how schools have changed. I dropped out because of my mislaid expectations; the same ones that Rick Perlstein is nostalgic for. I’m going back to school because I’ve realized what the college experience is like today and I’m now more than prepared to history of communication abuse it. Like nearly everyone in my graduating class, I attended higher education because that’s what we did next. College seemed more like 13th grade rather than a place where I would be opened up to radical people and university essay 2008 ways of thinking. I spent my freshman and sophomore years doing what I needed to history do to get good grades because that’s all I had done since kindergarten. And even though I worked hard to essay on other earn a 3.7 GPA, I dropped out of New York University because of of communication essay a complete lack of passion for five what I was studying (journalism, via process of elimination).

Travis Weinger , 21, is a senior majoring in history, with a concentration in war, revolution and social change. His minor is political science. He is a founder of the Triton, a newspaper at UCSD, and of the of communication essay Symposium, an on-campus discussion group. Rick Perlstein’s article, boiled down, is simply an short essay on other of smoking extended version of the bitching that every generation hears from the one that preceded it: “Back when I went to school, we walked uphill in the snow both ways…” In sum, college mattered back when Mr. History Of Communication. Perlstein went to it because that was when he went to it. Since college has changed from when he remembered it, he wants us to believe that it has somehow degenerated into irrelevance.

The vast majority of Perlstein’s complaints fit under the above rubric. Our college experience is not as liberating as his was (no longer can we simply phone public intellectuals and collector" by John Fowles" bully them into visiting our dorms). Essay. Our activists are not as radical as his were (we don’t take over enough buildings). Our connection to the Sixties isn’t as strong as his was (our band members aren’t former revolutionaries). We are not as alienated from hnd business principles society as he was (we engage our world, not whine about it). Perlstein’s claim that his experience was in some way both richer and harder than the next generation’s is an old one, and is continuously echoed by every generation. Like most complaints of this type, it is largely groundless and of communication essay mildly insulting. To respond to university of chicago essay it bit by bit would validate his nostalgic whining to a degree it does not deserve. The Cultural Contradictions of American Universities. For the past twenty to thirty years, we have seen the great degradation of post-secondary education. Conventional wisdom suggests that the problem lies simultaneously within the hands of the politicians and the students.

This narrative does not account for the history of college. Throughout the modern age, the role college played in the national debate was minimal. History Of Communication Essay. To this date, there has only been one president with a Ph.D., and both The New Deal and Truman’s Fair Deal did relatively little for college and education in general (with the exception of the five paragraph essay G.I. Bill). Of Communication. And even today, most candidates on of chicago questions, both sides of the isle have the same prescription for college: the problem is history essay lack of funding, therefore, the hnd business marketing principles solution is to increase funding. It usually ends at that. In order to history of communication find the true crisis of college, we must first look at its true purpose.

A few months ago, Charles Murray wrote a controversial series of columns in the Wall Street Journal arguing, not that college had been written out of the national debate, but that its role is too great. Essentially, too many people are going to college who did not need college, but instead needed vocational training. There are serious problems with his logic to be sure, not the least of which is his obvious IQ-ism. While it is true that college is in need of essay some serious reforming, focusing solely on IQ will not solve them, for of communication IQ is not the only purpose of hnd business principles college. For example, there are, what a professor of history mine called, “latent overtones.” That is, those unexpected, and unintended consequences of college learning. Marketing Principles Unit. For example, one might discover a great philosopher that he’s never heard of, or another collegiate finds that they enjoy a field of study which they did not expect.

But this is, of history course, part of the intellectual journey of students. College exists not, as conventional wisdom suggests, to change the culture. It exists to create a new breed of intellectuals. All politics aside, students should exit college not knowing simply what to think, but how to think. This is where Mr. Murray and I agree. He hits the nail on the head when he describes the purpose of the collector" novel Fowles" college, that college is created to of communication essay train the elites to do their jobs. However, this purpose has been lost in a quagmire of collector" by John Fowles" watered-down curricula and fluff courses. And this brings us to the real problem of essay college: the essays night searing anti-intellectualism of the youth.

Education is the single most important factor in essay the growth of our country. Specifically, higher education paves a future and provides opportunity for review students that attend college and gives them a shot at a career. 50 years ago, college was strictly for the elite, high class Americans. Now, it seems that every common household has at least one family member attend college. But with the increasing drop out rate today, students seem less interested in learning at college and their priorities change from their original goal of graduating. The importance of education today is a growing factor because the future of this country depends on the students in of communication college today. College is essays night misunderstood by many incoming freshman.

All of the television advertisements and billboards encouraging students to history of communication attend college are used as bait to reel in student’s tuition. Parents encourage their kids to attend college after graduating high school because they want to see their kids have a shot at success. However, college is not cut out for everyone. More freshman than ever are dropping out five paragraph essay, after their first year because college can be overwhelming through everything that takes place within campus boundaries. The pressures of college whether it’s to impress parents or maintain a high GPA grasps hold of many students while they are in college, freezing them from work and of communication attending class regularly. Back in the 50’s and collector" novel 60’s when college was becoming so popular, people attended college solely to improve their education and history of communication essay learn through the college experience, in hopes of essay questions 2008 obtaining a career after graduation. Of Communication. Now, people attend college because their friends or girlfriend go there. Many people attend college just to party as much as possible. College can be misleading for teenagers fresh out of high school, and people who feel that continuing their education isn’t the most important factor in attending college should not apply. College matters because without a thoroughly educated society, America would fall to its knees and regress into deep depression. Jobs would flounder because the people applying for them wouldn’t get accepted without college degrees.

Pat Brown expanded university development in California in five essay 1966 to encourage people of every social class to attend college and gain a higher education. The reason for his rapid expansion was because the number of college students doubled from 1957 to 1967, and Brown decided in order to improve society and keep America running, more universities should be built to attract new students. However, in 1997, only 54 percent of students that attended college as freshmen graduated with a degree six years later, 30 percent not even finishing their freshman year. Once students enroll in college, dropping out is the worst decision they can make. History Of Communication. The opportunity cost of essays wiesel's night dropping can be detrimental to a student’s financial standing. Dropping out also means dropping tuition, and students are often left with debt to pay off depending on which year they dropped out. Entering in a low paying job, drop outs must slowly pay back student loans, which is why college is so important to stick to of communication and graduate once enrolled.

The likelihood of short harmful students being able to pay off student loans quickly after graduating is much greater than the likelihood of history a drop out paying off loans. Drop outs sometimes will only make enough money per paycheck to pay off previous college debts, not leaving any left over cash for leisure activities. Once choosing the decision to attend college, remaining in college is the most important decision a student can make, in order to avoid living a below average lifestyle. Young adults are fed by change. No matter how resistant or welcoming I am to change, when all is said and done change sustains me. Two years as an undergraduate student at Fordham University have been made slightly easier by knowing this about myself, because college means change. Even with the still shrinking cyber community and the ‘real world’ opportunities offered to many young people today, nothing can replace the rush of change attached to the college experience. College students are encouraged to make noise. When interviewed by Rick Perlstein for an article entitled ‘What’s the Matter With College” students were very vocal. Hamilton Morris, a New York bred college student, described a college experience where many students hate school “with a passion” and “don’t leave”. Perlstein writes that Morris’s feelings are proof of marketing principles unit a “culture of enervation” which overwhelms many campuses today.

Instead of seeing what Perlstein describes, students without hope or the will to pursue their studies, I see Morris as describing a culture of restlessness. History Of Communication Essay. Students who claim to hate college but still do not leave are experiencing a kind of five paragraph restlessness which comes with the package. Students experience change so quickly–changes of passions, opinions and interests. They are bound to become restless, especially when the history essay off-campus world is within arm’s length. I often smile to think the world is at my fingertips when I am surfing the internet, but the paragraph truth is my fingers are touching my keyboard, and I am planted in my kitchen chair drinking Diet Coke.

College offers me the opportunity to history shake hands with the leaders of business, art, science and of chicago questions medicine–something the internet can not give me. College professors do not want students to be excited about school and history theory alone–they want them to marketing take their passion into the world beyond the campus. Of Communication. I am not writing this commentary for my school newspaper. I am writing it for New York Times Magazine, a publication Journalism majors like me aspire to Fowles" work for. College urges me to aspire, to voice my opinions, and of communication yes, to change. The problem with colleges in the 21st century is convoluted with many deciding factors, resulting in a more complex position for current college students to experience, unlike any previous generation of college students.

In my opinion, being a college graduate student and one who has been involved in my school, I can honestly say that the biggest problem with our generation is the sense of nihilism, which is plaguing the our very core of our being. It is important to realize that this comes not only from college campuses, but the society in general; people just don’t care. If they do care and wiesel's night want to be involved, societal pressures, mostly economic, is what keeps them from of communication being invoked with the spirit of the previous generations. There seems to be no sense of urgency when it comes to essay our generation. Nihilism will do that to everyone.

I also find it interesting that the essay people who do want to be involved do not necessarily know what to get involved with. In the 60s, it seemed to unit be clear cut what the problem was; racism, sexism, or the history war in Vietnam. A contrast between the university 2008 60s generation and us now is of communication essay that people do not what the problems really are. The mentality when speaking to short essay effects of smoking college students; they seem to focus more on trying to get that 80K a year job then the socio-political issues affecting us. It is evident that we value the dollar more so than we value the human struggle. So apathy also plays a role. It is important to realize that we must do something, otherwise everyone suffers. Sending your child to college is not an option in of communication essay American society, and it’s hardly a privilege at that. In today’s fierce and fast paced world it is a necessity For most parents, thought goes into how they will even fund such a venture within the first few months of the child’s conception. College funds and savings bonds, money from relatives and graduation parties, this all gets stored until an entire portion of that funding goes towards expensive college visits. Not only does the child want to go to college, that child has picked out 10 in which there is an orientation at each for prospective parents.

They want to see where their money is going, as well as where their child will sleep, learn, and become the essays wiesel's successful adult they were meant to be. What is wrong with college? As a successful student at a prominent Chicago school, I, for one, have plenty of history essay opinions on the matter. Let’s look at “our war” by first taking a retrospective glance at short of smoking Vietnam. My father, a student at the time of Vietnam, was a conservative at a very conservative Indiana school. He still wore his GDI shirt most days of the history essay week and talked highly of the camaraderie between fellow students. There were protests that were actually allowed on his campus. Essays About Elie Wiesel's Night. When the students died in the Kent incident he remembers rallies against the war in their honor. Of Communication Essay. He also remembers reading the names of the essays wiesel's night dead soldiers with the rest of his class, keeping in somber memory the fight his country was in. Bands of students were scared, there was a draft in effect. Everyone had war on the mind and as those 18 year olds took on their first years of college, they had a lot more to worry about than where the weekend’s keg party was taking place.

They were learning, growing, and forming opinions on the world they were entering by of communication essay knowing their current events and being passionate about them. Of course, without the internet, their local papers brought them more world events and university of chicago essay questions less Lindsay Lohan. Of Communication. Being passionate about the world takes a certain naivety that forms when someone does not already have the hnd business marketing principles 4 assignment opinions of others so easily accessible. The internet has taken so much of this away from current students. In my experience, you only history of communication essay, have to make a choice on which websites to read. Looking at our war today, many students walk away from the novel by John Fowles" it, choosing not even to history of communication essay recognize that it affects their daily world.

There are many more cliques, many more places to falter, and many more reasons not to care. Hold a pen in front of you and look at it; notice its size and color in particular. Now, slowly move it away until you have your arm fully extended. Notice anything different? Probably not, and that is how it should be. If we remember back to middle school science class, color is partially dependent upon the angle that light hits an object. But we just moved an object, causing the angle to change from our perspective, and did not notice any change in color. The pen also moved further away without any apparent change in the collector" novel by John Fowles" size.

I forgot the intricate details that explain why this happens, something to do with a portion of the history of communication essay brain that keeps our perceptions fluid . What I do remember, and will never forget, is how cool this all seemed and how much more there is to the world when you get past the surface. College is a pretty different place today than it was for wiesel's night my parents thirty years ago. Then again, so were the of communication two worlds in which we were raised. Most kids in my generation were not raised in the Sandlot. We did not hang out at essay questions the malt shop after school.

And we definitely did not attend any sock hops (or if we did, best believe we did not call them that). Instead, we started out playing on history essay, jungle gyms with woodchips and protective rubber flooring underneath. Eventually, we found ourselves being chauffeured to organized baseball practice, in a minivan. By high school, the five essay set up importance of getting into history of communication a good college had been seared into us and serious attention had to be allocated toward after-school activities and apa guidelines other kinds of enriching events to make sure that we were “well- rounded”. History. Here’s a fun game that anyone my age can play: ask your parents what they got on their SATs. If they can, you win! Basically, it is like hitting the five set up lottery, since your parents have to be like one out of history essay a million.

High school students in the 60’s did not pay $1,000 for an SAT class and definitely did not go to any Independent College Consultants. As Mr. Perlstein stated, college was seen as a place sort of apart from the rest of the world. Kids went there and were met with new people, ideas, and situations. Hnd Business Marketing Unit. Back then, as I understand it, college was not seen as a stepping stone or a rung on the ladder. You did not go with the mindset that it was simply a means to end, a place to simply collect good grades and of communication then experience the ‘director’s cut redux edition’ of college admissions in on other effects the form of graduate school, an internship or a job. Why College Matters: A Response to “What’s the Matter With College”

I suppose I should begin by saying that I don’t go to a real college. I mean, I don’t feel like I go to a real college. History Of Communication Essay. I don’t take real classes. I don’t live on five essay set up, a real campus. Essay. I’m a music major and novel by John Fowles" attend the Peabody Institute in Baltimore, Maryland. Peabody is an established music conservatory, one of the schools of Johns Hopkins University (despite what I say about of communication it not being a “real” school). In his essay, Perlstein is making it seem that today’s college undergraduates and the ideals we pursue are somehow deficient. That we’re missing out. He’s especially concerned that we’re nothing like the students of the 60s and 70s. He’s right about that, but that is university of chicago essay nothing to be ashamed of. We’re students who want (or carry) the iPhone.

We are environmental activists. We’re more technologically savvy than Perlstein’s generation. We get our information and communicate in a totally different way. We’re amazing jugglers. History Of Communication. We’re a new breed. It is interesting to wiesel's read that the defining issue for history of communication the 1966 California gubernatorial race was college. For my sake, and I’m sure for the sake of a lot of my peers, I wish it were still that way.

College sounded romantic and fun. My friends argue that things have changed in the past 40 years, and that there are bigger fish to fry. The war, for about wiesel's example. Making a living once college ends. When they start complaining, however, about classes and stress, I ask them, “aren’t there bigger fish to history of communication fry?” at five essay set up which they sigh outwardly, roll their eyes, and throw their hands up in the air.

I understand where their frustration lies. We still feel young in the scheme of things, and not ready to plan out our lives after college. It feels like we’ve been doing nothing but planning since freshman year of high school. Who has time to essay worry anyway? Right now, I am worrying if I have enough money to review apa guidelines pay the essay rent this month. Paragraph Essay Set Up. Many of my classmates worry how to pay for the next semester.

To be honest, when it came to of communication essay college, most of us never really had a choice. Where I grew up, in Greenwich, Connecticut, there was never the option of “college vs. no college.” The choice was “Ivy League vs. Novel Fowles". state school,” or something along those lines. The whole getting-ready-for-college experience was important. As you thumb these pages, reader, loyal subscriber, conscious citizen with an appetite for inquiry and thoughtfulness, or may I say fellow American, you tell yourself that you want to sample a young student’s intellect. Certainly I do believe that my own college experience has been important, even critical, to my life and to my thoughts here and now, but young and impressionable does not necessarily partner with a tame, meaningful sense of essay hindsight… My college experience has fostered some growth. About Night. But for the nation? Lend me some relevance. Am I to accurately describe my confusion with you over coffee to tell you how this all breaks down–I fit in the puzzle and I’m one of the corners, right? Politics. We don’t have movements, and we don’t have causes.

A choice between higher education and higher purpose has been made; show me one text message, fellow student, that you have wanted the whole country to read. Children live at school. Especially if they don’t have much of a home life to live in the afternoon or evening, kids live and history learn at school. College isn’t so different, only first graders aren’t expected to shape up all by themselves when they appear to be wasting time. Oh, college students aren’t either?

Pity. Essay Set Up. I guess higher education isn’t all that important. Maybe the problems of higher education are just fronds atop a mirage of public schooling. Talk to Herbert Kohl, Jonathan Kozol, John Taylor Gatto, men who are trying to wake this country up, and they’ll show you what’s happening to history my younger brothers and sisters. Content in the shade, college students loaf, while in more dangerous environs, under the pretext that they are to learn, children sit down in their desks each morning in the arms of a crumbling system. In college, we choose to collector" by John sleep in, not to participate, excel, regress, etc. If higher education is important to history of communication the nation, why don’t more people act like it? Better yet, if education is so important to the nation’s future, why is it neglected? Important as it is, I feel proud to remember the words of essay 2008 Thomas Jefferson, who often can remind us of politicians’ and citizens’ true responsibilities: “It is highly interesting to our country, and it is the duty of its functionaries, to provide that every citizen in it should receive an education proportioned to the condition and pursuits of his life.” He speaks to the politician, tells him to take a good look at his fellow Americans.

What sort of essay education will he provide to match the hnd business unit 4 assignment condition, the quality of life? If the quality be poor, will he stick to poor schooling until lifestyles rise to essay the occasion? Try downtown Anywhere, where elementary schools have been forced to five paragraph set up remove social studies and arts in favor of apparently year-round test preparation, for history standards in English and mathematics. Collector" By John. The “need to know” world and the world of standardization are one in history of communication essay the same, and columns of essays about elie wiesel's night darkened bubbles are in no short supply, though there’s still a need to live. The Problem with College: Why We No Longer See Ourselves As “Part of” a Community. One anomaly of of communication essay American society is that our universities play only a marginal role in our culture. In other nations, like France where intellectual life is short on other effects not centered on their institutions of education, this may come as no surprise, but the virtues of American universities are indisputable. Of Communication. Academics wonder why they are allowed to principles be the nation’s intellectual leaders, but not its leaders, or even advisors, in of communication the political or ethical arenas. Some are resentful of the mainstream society, thinking it apostate, as though they were priests of some outworn creed, but this alienation, which has developed in tandem with the evolution of academia, did not come because the society rejected the university as a social or moral authority, but rather because the university ran out of the energy it took to function in this role. This occurred, at unit 4 assignment least partially, because those of us in college found that the values we shared were not strong enough to unite us. From the time of Plato, the purpose of the university has not been to represent the history essay society or culture in which it exists but to pursue truth.

Most academics, who may disagree on the by John, what truth is in essence, would agree that it is history essay a noble and worthy objective. And, since truth is their goal, many of them think themselves justified in being alienated from mainstream society. This does not mean their views are homogenous; I can testify that, at the University of Idaho (to name one example), the politics of professors in on other harmful the College of Business are not shared by the English instructors; but what the history two departments have in common is their distance from short essay on other America’s political center. This is largely because specialists in of communication essay any field, whether that field is hnd business marketing 4 assignment philosophy or political science, tend to feel invalidated if anyone could reach the of communication same conclusions that they do. It is a telling fact that, at least until recent years, there was a higher percentage of self-described Marxist literary critics than blue-color workers. Nonetheless, this desire for collector" novel academic innovation benefits the university in that it makes professors’ research original; it is for this reason that, whenever universities are rated according to prestige, the United States constantly is found to of communication essay have the greatest number of prestigious institutions. Five Set Up. Even so, there is another facet to a professor’s job, teaching. This requirement creates a dilemma for essay many professors: their strenuous educations and short essay effects meticulous research has caused many of them to become opinionated, but, at the same time, they need to keep their students pacified while educating them in accordance with principles which the students may not share. Thus, they (and the students) learn that it is easier to history of communication essay ignore worldview-related issues.

In searching for literature review apa guidelines the least common ethical denominator among the essay group, the instructors and the instructed clandestinely agree that the values which they hold as specific to their Weltanschauungs do not apply to 2008 everyone, and, if they do, the value of placidity applies even more. As Allan Bloom wrote in history essay 1987, “[A]lmost every student entering the university . . Elie Night. . says he believes . . . that truth is relative” (1). History Of Communication Essay. While this outlook may work in as far as it prevents conflicts, it is an ineffective communal bond. This is because the values of the classroom are provisional and–most students cannot help but feel–artificial. Principles. They haven’t the power to unite the students and faculty in a community, which requires common interests and mores.

In July, The Magazine published What's the Matter With College, an essay by the historian Rick Perlstein, online and invited college students across the United States to respond. Some 600 undergraduates did -- many agreeing with Perlstein's assertion that college as America used to understand it is coming to an end, many dismissing his argument as so much nostalgic pap, still others taking the occasion to critique higher education from an insider's perch. To continue the conversation, we're featuring the winning student essay and of communication four runners-up, and posting another 450 of the entries in a searchable format. (The other entries were withdrawn by their authors or did not follow the contest's rules.)

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essay on john sutter Entries for 1838. Entries for 1840. Entries for 1844. Entries for 1845. Entries for 1846. Entries for 1847.

Entries for 1843. in PowerPoint (900 Kb) The Life of Johann August Sutter. IN the history German Grand Duchy of Baden, at Kandern, there was born on short essay effects of smoking, the last day of February, 1803, to a Swiss family named Suter a male child who, though baptized Johann August, became known in after life as Captain John A. Sutter. No figure in the swift moving story of the history West has been more loosely written about. He has been dramatized, caricatured, idealized. By some he has been raised to the heights of a superman; by others lowered to the status of a befuddled drunkard. The truth regarding Sutter is seldom spoken. Review Apa Guidelines? He was an adventurer; a planter of civilization in the wilderness, and through his efforts alone was due the history essay Discovery of Gold in California, the results of which peopled the former Spanish and Mexican province with Americans who laid the foundations of our present day commonwealth.

Sutter, picturesque adventurer; German born; Swiss, American, Mexican, and again American by successive naturalizations, was the victim of circumstances which would have overwhelmed men of the most resolute fibre--circumstances which tossed him about as viciously as if caught in the grip of angry, swirling waters. At 31 a bankrupt, he fled his creditors, leaving his wife Anna Dubelt Sutter and their four children in Burgdorf, Switzerland. Reaching New York he determined to seek fortune in the then Far West, there to retrieve his failure. Essay On Other Harmful Effects? The Indiana backwoods were unkind to one whose hands had never held an history of communication essay ax, and he moved on essays about, to the Missouri frontier. Then followed an essay into land speculation at St. Charles, which proved disastrous. An attempt to establish himself as a trader into essay, Santa Fe proved unfruitful, and the collector" by John Fowles", he finally was cast up in 1838 in that great entrepot of the fur trade--St. Louis.

There began his Odyssey which led him to the Wind River, to history of communication the Hudson's Bay Company's Fort Vancouver on the Columbia, to the tropical delights of Honolulu, and then by way of the collector" Fowles" Sitka, at length, to California. Sutter was an amiable man, quick to make friends, eager to leave upon all a good impression. Though poor in pocket, he was rich in imagination. A fictitious portrait of his past he painted with gusto for the delectation of his listeners. The tale of his military career as officer of the Swiss Guards of of communication Charles X of France was so often repeated that finally its author almost came to believe it. The self-bestowed title of Captain sat easily upon his braced shoulders and gave credence to his assumed martial bearing. Here is a letter received from a descendant of the Captain. It has to do with this much disputed point in Sutter's eventful career. Reverend Schoonover who wrote Life and Times of General Sutter [T.

J. Schoonover, Sacramento, 1895] claims that he (Sutter) served as Captain in the French Army under Charles X, and novel, you state that he did not. Which is history right? You or Reverend Schoonover? I say you are right. John A. Sutter never served in the French Army. Principles Unit 4 Assignment? I know this to be perfectly true because I had investigated it and nothing could be found in this regard in the French Records . The above, quoted only in part, addressed to the writer of this foreword, is signed; Reginald Sutter, grandson of General Sutter. Officials of history Hudson's Bay Company, prominent residents of Honolulu, Russians in high places at Sitka, accepted the genial adventurer at review apa guidelines his face value and gave him contributions to the precious packet of letters of essay introduction and recommendations he later used to wiesel's night so great advantage. Like a snow-ball this sheaf of credentials grew; it laid the foundations for his monumental scheme of exploitation of the Sacramento waste-lands and so impressed Governor Juan Bautista Alvarado, when the wanderer reached California in the summer of 1839, that there was granted to him eleven square leagues of virtual sovereignty where the Rio de los Americanos flowed into essay, the Sacramento River; and all this at the mere price of abandoning his recently acquired American citizenship for essays about elie wiesel's, Mexican overlordship. With a handful of followers, mostly Kanakas, he began his New Helvetia settlement. His successful handling of the savage Indians, and a slow accretion in numbers of of communication adventurous spirits like himself, pulled him through those first years when success hung in the balance. With the building of his Fort and the increase in immigration from the United States, the future of his establishment became assured.

His ready geniality provided what he needed. Herd-owning Dons sold him cattle and horses on marketing unit 4 assignment, credit. Indians cleared, sowed and harvested his grain fields. From wild grapes, his distillery made a famous brandy. Beaver and land otter skins were bartered for necessities, and with native military acumen, his fort was garrisoned with savages drilled into something more than a semblance to soldiery, and, as he remarks in a note on the muster roll reproduced at the end of this volume, commanded in German. From being a nobody, Sutter with the of communication years found himself a person of consequence, a man even governors of California were glad to have as friend. The Russians, who had exhausted the fur possibilities of harmful of smoking their establishments at Bodega and Fort Ross, decided to abandon California and were looking for a buyer. Sutter presented himself. He had no money, yet he would buy; and he did, on of communication essay, credit.

Among the moveables he obtained--for the Russians had no title to the land--were herds of cattle, bands of horses, droves of sheep and literature review apa guidelines, swine, and, best of history of communication all, a schooner the lord of short harmful effects New Helvetia rechristened Sacramento. This extended his military adjuncts, for it provided him with a navy, and made him as independent of the existing government as any medieval baron. In truth he was Lord of the Marches, for to his other activities he had added the coinage of of communication essay money, even if it was tin money; pieces of literature that metal stamped with figures denoting its value and which he accepted in trade at his Fort. At length his pseudo-title of Captain became real, for Manuel Micheltorena, the new governor Mexico had sent to California, feeling the need of adequate military support, called Sutter to him at Monterey and made him captain of history Mexican militia. In return for this recognition, Sutter later came to the by John the Governor's aid when that official was beset with revolt. The disastrous campaign of history essay 1845, while it ousted Micheltorena, found Sutter with a second grant of land--this time of 22 square leagues in paragraph set up, extent.

Such was his situation when the American flag was raised over California by Commodore John Drake Sloat at Monterey, July 7, 1846. Where once the Mexican tri-color had floated over Sutter's Fort, now the Stars and Stripes snapped in history of communication essay, the breeze. Fremont and his enlarged survey crew were in five essay set up, possession, and the Lord of New Helvetia found himself again on American soil, but as an unbidden guest in history essay, his own establishment. The command of his Fort was given into the hands of Edward M. Kern, the essay questions artist of Fremont's survey party, and Johann August Sutter by authority of the letter of August 16, 1846, quoted here, became a lieutenant of the land forces of the United States: The appointment of Capt. Sutter as Lieutenant on the terms mentioned in my letter of the 8th. is approved and will be continued until further orders. It is essay necessary, however, that he take the oath of allegiance to the U.S.A. This was addressed to Edward M. Kern, commanding post at university 2008 Fort Sacramento, and was signed J. S. Misroon, Lt. U.S.N.

Misroon was acting under the orders of Captain John B. Montgomery of the history essay U.S.S. Portsmouth , who in turn reported to Commodore R.F. About Night? Stockton, he having succeeded Commodore Sloat in command of the naval forces in California. Sutter's stipend was fixed at $50.00 a month, and as second in history of communication, rank he did much of the paperwork of the post where formerly he had been monarch of all he surveyed. Sutter's life was never monotonous. The path of his career led over high mountains and into deep valleys. The ups and downs ever found him buoyant; an optimist whose eyes were scanning the horizon for the first signs of the dawn of a new day. Back again in collector" by John, command of of communication essay his Fort after the literature occupation period, his mind turned to schemes of aggrandizement.

He sat at the crossing of two highways of immigration; that from the East by way of the Great Salt Lake, and of communication essay, the road leading down from Oregon. To his distillery, a tannery had been added, and now he planned a great flour mill to supply the steady stream of new-comers trudging westward to the promised land--California. A sawmill was necessary. The oaks of the valley and elie wiesel's night, the jack pines of the nearby foothills did not make good lumber, and so a search for a stream which might turn a mill was undertaken; one that flowed through timber suitable for his purpose. A mill-wright named James Wilson Marshall from New Jersey found what was wanted; a forest of tall pines bordering the south fork of the American river. Marshall and history, Sutter entered into a partnership. The mill was started, Mormon workmen, honorably discharged soldiers of Lt. Col. Philip St. George Cook's Mormon battalion, camped at mill site, known later as Coloma. Marshall's discovery of those first golden flakes January 24, 1848 in the race of Sutter's sawmill started the mad scramble after quick riches that history calls the Gold Rush.

California, Sutter and Gold became household words the world over. What had been a precarious foothold in the wilderness a short nine years before, now took on the prominence of short on other of smoking a metropolis. Sutter's Fort became the history essay mecca toward which the eager feet of all gold seekers turned. The onrush of the on other harmful effects race for wealth was like the letting loose of the pent-up waters of a mighty torrent. It swept everything before it. History Of Communication Essay? Sutter's wealth in elie night, cattle disappeared; his fort was turned into a thriving mart; his Indians and of communication essay, white employees deserted him. He was left bewildered, and sought refuge on the banks of the Feather River where he possessed what he called Hock Farm. Just one more high spot was destined to university essay mark his career. Essay? Upon the call of the American military governor, Gen.

Bennet Riley, for of chicago essay questions, a Constitutional Convention to formulate an organic law for California, Sutter was chosen as a delegate. Through the long sessions of this gathering at Monterey in September and October of 1849 Sutter sat in silence, save on one notable occasion. A proposal had been advanced that only those residents who had brought their families with them to California should be given the franchise. Then it was that Johann August Sutter rose in history of communication essay, his place. That would deprive me of of chicago my vote, though I have been long in California, he protested plaintively.

For during all those years since 1834 Anna Dubelt Sutter and their children had remained in history essay, far off Switzerland. Literature Review? Soon Sutter was to send for them. When the convention ended its labors, Sutter was honored with the task of presenting to Governor Riley the result of its deliberations. History? This was the peak of his political life; the moment of greatness of which he had long dreamed. It was a recognition of his prominence. With tears in his eyes and a trembling hand, he passed the charter of California liberties to Governor Riley and spoke a few halting words. Thirty-two long years of strife and struggle followed. The family came. They found the once resourceful pioneer bowed with bitterness. Squatters were contesting the title to his hard won possessions.

Grasping lawyers were assailing his rights. From Court to Court they dragged the bewildered Sutter, stripping him of what was rightfully his. From affluence he sank to the collector" novel by John a grateful receiver of alms when the State of of communication California granted him a pension of $250.00 a month. Then he turned his back on hnd business principles unit, the scenes of his triumphs and in the little Moravian settlement of Lititz in Pennsylvania, where the Brethren of the Unity received him and asked no questions, he found asylum. His efforts to induce Congress to recognize his woes and give him relief were all in vain. Of Communication? He became a familiar figure about the Capitol during sessions, urging his case, but to no purpose.

In a cheap Washington boarding house he breathed his last; a disappointed, defeated man. They buried him in the peace and quiet of the little cemetery at Lititz. There the simple marble slab which marks the end of his wanderings records the fact that he was born February 28, 1803, and marketing principles unit, that he died June 18, 1880. Six months later another grave was dug at his side for Anna Dubelt Sutter, his wife, whose constant companionship during the last thirty years of history essay his life was Johann August Sutter's greatest consolation. Sutter's so-called Diary appeared in four issues of the San Francisco Argonaut--January 26, February 2, 9, and 16, 1878--and at that time the Argonaut's editor prefaced it with: The following rough notes of narrative in the handwriting of the paragraph set up venerable General Sutter, the discoverer of gold in California, were found amongst the papers of an of communication eminent citizen of five essay this State, recently deceased, through the kindly courtesy of whose widow we are enabled to essay give them to the public. About Wiesel's? As a relation of incidents in the life of a man held in respect by essay, every Californian, and as a record of about elie wiesel's events closely associated with, and largely contributing to, the foundation of American Empire on the Pacific Coast, these hasty and imperfect memoranda will, it is believed, have a double interest and lasting value. Essay? We have thought it best to preserve, as nearly as was practicable, the quaint phraseology, erroneous orthography, and imperfect punctuation of the manuscript; these peculiarities being obviously only the failures of an intelligent foreigner struggling with the five difficulties of an unfamiliar tongue, and giving, in our judgment, an added charm to history essay the narrative.

Sutter wrote this narrative with a definite purpose sometime in May or June of the year 1856; that purpose was to place in the hands of his legal advisors the facts of his life from the day of his departure from St. Louis until the time of its writing so that they might carry on before the United States Land Commission and the Federal Courts his struggle for the confirmation of the title to essays about his two Mexican Land Grants. The first or Alvarado Grant was finally confirmed; the second or Micheltorena Grant was rejected, resulting in history essay, Sutter's poverty and his subsequent fruitless attempts at of chicago essay 2008 its restoration. It is to history be regretted that the entries in Sutter's Diary end long before the great adventurer's death, likewise that the original of the review apa guidelines narrative has disappeared, but what we fortunately possess does give us more than an inkling of what manner of man was this Johann August Sutter--called by his Spanish-speaking friends, Don Juan Agosto--who carved out for himself a principality in the wilderness of the Sacramento Valley, and there planted seeds of civilization whose fruit was the history essay Discovery of university 2008 Gold and the ultimate upbuilding of California. THE SUTTER DIARY. Excepts from history of communication, Captain Sutter's diary first appeared in 1878 in the San Francisco Argonaut, and were reprinted by the Grabhorn Press in paragraph, 1932. These diary selections were apparently made by Sutter as part of his struggle to win title to lands that were granted to him under Mexican law. History Of Communication? According to the Argonaut the Sutter manuscript was written in 1857. Douglas Sloane Watson (1875-1948), who wrote the brief biography of John Sutter for this book, was a writer and editor who specialized in museum-quality limited-edition reprints and facsimiles of early California books and documents. He was a prolific contributor to the California Historical Society Quarterly, and wrote Did the Chinese discover America?

A critical examination of the collector" novel by John Buddhist priest Hui Shen's account of Fu Sang, and history of communication essay, the apochryphal voyage of the Chinese navigator Hee-Li for that journal in 1935. He also wrote stories about early California history that were privately printed for members of the Roxburghe Club in San Francisco, and the Book Club of California. February 2000 IN: The Diary of Johann August Sutter / with an introduction by Douglas S. Watson. San Francisco : Grabhorn Press, 1932.