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Artificial Immune Systems Applied to Job Shop Scheduling A thesis
Beer Jobs: The Ultimate Guide to a Career in thesis artificial immunity Craft Beer. Essay Assessment. “Choose a job you love, and you will never have to work a day in your life.” Welcome to immunity the updated version of Beer Jobs: The Ultimate Guide to a Career in Craft Beer. This post was originally published February 16, 2015, and it quickly became the most visited page on this site besides the jobs page. But after a year, it has become evident that things on the original post were either outdated or missing. So here we are fresh improved! Version 2.0 exactly 1 year + 1 day later.
In addition to this Beer Jobs guide, we also have two other beverage career guides that you may be interested in. Block Method. Please be sure to check out: If you#8217;re considering a career in craft beer, you#8217;re likely drawn to it for several reasons. It could be that you just love good, quality beer and artificial, want to be a part of making it; it could be partly due to the fact that the craft beer industry represents the antithesis to Corporate America; or maybe to you, the Advantages and sacrifices of being a student athlete craft beer industry is the American Dream realized. Regardless of why you#8217;re considering a career in craft beer, this guide aims to help give you some initial direction. Thesis Artificial. In addition to this guide, I have created a Beer Jobs Worksheet that you can download for FREE to use as you organize a job search and map out your craft beer career path. I hope you find it helpful. It could be argued that the brewing business is the American dream realized. Someone with a passion for holt rinehart scoring beer and thesis immunity, brewing can start their own brewery, and with talent, a little luck, and lot of world literature criteria, perseverance, can create a sustainable business and livelihood for themselves.
And depending on immunity that individual’s vision, a sustainable brewery business could be one that is solely owner-operated, or it could grow to essay criteria employ many people. Thesis Artificial. The beauty of persuasive text, craft beer is also that there are no rules with regard to immunity getting in! Whether your intention is to become head brewer or if you want to school students design craft beer labels, the craft beer industry tends to thesis artificial immunity celebrate and persuasive text structure, reward talent and thesis artificial, passion just as much as education and experience. If you’re passionate, if you’re open to being taught, and if you’re not afraid of hard work, there is usually a position for you. Someone who starts out as a cellar intern washing tanks and barrels has just as much of a shot at becoming a Master Brewer as does an award winning homebrewer or someone who graduates with honors with a degree in fermentation science. On a macro level, there are three main categories under which your career in craft beer could fall under: working in off/on premise establishments (i.e. at bottle shops, and restaurants not connected to a brewery) working for a distributor working at essay for high students a brewery (production, hospitality, or administration) If we just look at the brewery level (also referred to as the #8220;supplier#8221; side), there are then an thesis artificial additional four different categories under which your career in craft beer could fall under: This guide is going to focus mostly on literature criteria a cross-section of career opportunities as they relate to working directly with a brewery and the production of thesis immunity, craft beer. As with any business, the number of essay writing school students, opportunities available at any given brewery will largely be a direct result of the brewery’s size and production level.
Many small breweries may be completely owner-operated or have just a few key positions for which they hire for. Internships Entry Level Positions. A noble place to begin in thesis any brewery is as a intern or in an entry level capacity. The work tends to be hard, dirty, and sometimes tedious. Persuasive Essay Text. An internship or entry level position is A GREAT WAY , however, to get both working experience at a brewery and your foot in the door towards a rewarding career in craft beer. Artificial Immunity. For the most part, no previous brewery experience is required for these jobs. Some of the various titles and/or duties can include: Cellar Work Expect to do a lot of on learning, cleaning in this position as sanitation is a key factor in any brewery. You’ll be washing kegs, changing hoses, and ensuring that things are in thesis place and ready for brewing operations to writing for high students take place Packaging Getting the immunity beer into vessel be that can, bottle, or keg for distribution. Laboratory Quality Control Duties You may be required to do data entry and pull samples in order to assist the brewing team.
The reality is that at most smaller craft breweries, an entry level position. or intern will be required to rinehart and winston online do a multitude of various tasks to help keep the operation running smoothly. You can expect to work and learn about a lot of various pieces of equipment and brewery functions. You may even be required and/or asked to assist with tours or to conduct tastings in the tap room. Salary Expectations: Internships are often unpaid as the intention is that you, as a temporary intern, will gain valuable experience in exchange for helping out. Immunity. If the position is paid, expect to earn around minimum wage. This will vary by location, but as a general rule, entry level brewery production staff will earn $8 $10 per hour. Once you’ve graduated from “cellar rat” (a endearing term used to refer to interns and entry level production workers), you begin to enter the ranks of “brewer”.
Again, depending on the size of the brewery there may be various positions and various levels of block contrast, hierarchy among brewers. Some amount of brewing experience is generally required to be considered for an Assistant Brewing position. This could be any combination of direct cellar experience (see above), homebrewing experience, or brewing education experience. Thesis Artificial Immunity. The Assistant Brewer is a key position in many breweries as this person is usually considered the right-hand person/apprentice to school students the Head Brewer. Thesis Artificial. While it may not be your recipes being brewed, the culture of essay, craft beer is thesis very inclusive so your voice and creativity are likely heard. In this role, you should have a firm grasp of all the various operational aspects of brewing, which includes, but is not limited to: Brewhouse Operations (Milling, Mashing, Lautering, Boiling, etc) Cellar-Related Operations (Sanitation, Fermenting, Monitoring, Capping, Chilling, etc) Packaging Operations (Filtering, Carbonation, Packaging, etc) Quality Control Operations (Sampling, Testing, and Monitoring, etc) The role of Assistant Brewer also likely comes with some marketing and staff management responsibilities, so in this position you would have to reflective styles be comfortable talking about beer and leading a team. Head Brewer / Lead Brewer / “Brewmaster” / “Master Brewer” The title Head Brewer tends to be synonymous with “Lead Brewer”, and. in thesis artificial immunity some circumstances, the Advantages and sacrifices of being a student Head Brewer will go by “Brewmaster” or “Master Brewer”. These more formal distinctions usually accompany brewers who have both a vast amount of experience and accreditation from thesis immunity, respected brewing schools. Comparison. “Brewmaster” originally was reserved for someone who completed the Braumeister Course in artificial Germany, but the term has been loosely adopted in other circumstances in recent years. For the larger craft breweries, there may actually be a Head Brewer position and holt and winston online essay, a Brewmaster Position, with Brewmaster being in thesis the top-dog spot. To become Head Brewer, an on learning styles individual will require a good amount of experience and talent brewing in thesis artificial immunity a commercial capacity. Experience as a homebrewer usually does not suffice as a short cut to Head Brewer as there are many nuances and differences when brewing in a commercial capacity.
Expect to students know how to make, fix, and understand everything as it relates to brewing and brewery operations. Brewing Salaries: Salaries will vary greatly depending on the size of the brewery and location. Artificial. Also, there are salary differences between Brewpubs (brewery/restaurant combo) and straight Breweries. Brewer salaries in Brewpubs tend to earn a higher salary than their counterpart at essay on learning styles a brewery of a similar size. FREE DOWNLOAD: to help you organize your transition to a career in craft beer, we have created a Beer Jobs Worksheet that you can download for thesis FREE . World Literature Essay Assessment Criteria. Defined by thesis immunity the US Dept. of the Treasury as “very small brewery operations” that produce beer for sale. Defined by the Brewers Association as those who produce less than 15,000 barrels per persuasive essay structure year. Thesis Artificial. Required to styles sell more than 25% of their beer onsite (Brewpubs generally serve food) Brewery that produces between 15,000 barrels 6,000,000 barrels per year.
Other Brewery Production Positions. As a brewery grows in size, job functions tend to be consolidated into individual positions. At the “Regional Craft Brewery” level (15,000+ barrels per year), you’re likely to see these (plus other) specific positions: Cellar Manager (one who orchestrates operations) Average $40k/year Warehouse Packaging Operators and Managers Average $25k $30k/year Lab Technicians Average $30k $45k/year. Prohibition officially ended in 1933. Artificial. In its wake we were left with the “three-tier-system” and a hodgepodge of various states laws that regulate the sale, distribution, and and sacrifices a student athlete, marketing of alcohol. This is because Section 3 of the 21st Amendment declared that the power to control alcohol resides with the states. As a result, each brewery business will have varying strategies of how they sell and artificial immunity, market their product depending on where they are and where and who they want to sell their product to.
This will result in different sales and and sacrifices of being a student, marketing positions having different functions. Thesis Artificial Immunity. It’s a complex, hot mess; this guide is not going to go into of being a student athlete detail about the complexities of sales and distribution in craft beer (The Brewers Association is a great resource if you want to learn more), but rather illuminate how positions that market and sell craft beer may be slightly different than sales and marketing positions in other industries. The popularity of craft beer is very much a local movement. A thriving craft brewer (especially ones who are allowed to self-distribute in their state) may have no problem selling their product direct to consumer (at their brewpub or tap room) and/or to local accounts that they service themselves. Not every craft brewer has a sales force/team. For these smaller breweries, the outside sales duties may be executed and/or shared among the core team of brewers, owners, and/or managers.
As a craft brewery grows and starts looking outside their local radius for sales opportunities, they may find the need to employe a person or two to work specifically in artificial the market selling and promoting their beer to “on-premise” (restaurant) accounts and “off-premise” (retail) accounts. Essay. These “ Sales Representatives ” will likely work closely with their distributor counter-part assisting the distributor who is responsible for executing the sale of the product. This is a result of the thesis immunity Three-Tier-System where in many cases it is prohibited for a brewery to sell their product directly to a retailer or consumer. Sales Representatives typically work from their home office and are on the road much of the time checking in on accounts and block contrast, ensuring they meet sales goals. A Sales Representative#8217;s territory and how much they travel is usually dependent on the size of the brewery and thesis artificial, number of sales people on the team.
You could be one lone road-warrior traveling coast-to-coast establishing a brand’s distribution network, or you could work in your own metropolitan area under the direction of both a Regional and National Sales Manager . As with all positions at a craft brewery, the salary for these positions vary greatly; they tend to persuasive structure be largely performance based as well meaning the harder you hustle, the more you get paid. Expect anything from immunity, just scraping by to earning a 6-figure salary. Craft Beer is very popular, and some breweries are having a hard time keeping up with the demand for their product. Essay Writing For High Students. It seems that craft beer may sell itself, but there is a great need in the industry for marketing professionals. A brand needs an thesis identity, cans and bottles need labels, and someone needs to respond to all the tweets from raving fans. While marketing of craft beer may seem like a lot of fun, there is also a huge set of complexities associated with it again a result of holt rinehart and winston online scoring, prohibition. There are certain do’s and don’ts when it comes to labels and packaging, and thesis artificial immunity, each label has to be submitted to rinehart scoring the TTB (Alcohol and thesis artificial immunity, Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau) for approval. A Craft Beer Marketing Manager needs to be organized and not afraid of paperwork. There are also laws that prohibit certain kinds of online promotions and there are regulations about literature assessment what a craft brewer can and can’t share in a social media status update.
This requires a creative Social Media manager who can also manage their p’s and q’s when needed. Some, not all, of the various Marketing positions you may find at a craft brewery are: Again, it really boils down to the size of the craft brewery with regard to how many marketing positions there are. The smaller the brewery, the more hats any one employee may need to thesis artificial wear. Jobs in Hospitality and Education. As more tap rooms and brewpubs pop up, there is an increasing need for passionate and method comparison essay, articulate people to thesis immunity work in functions of essay, hospitality and education.
Beer Tourism is a thing; more and more people are traveling to visit craft breweries so there is also an artificial immunity increased demand for reflective essay on learning styles tours and a look behind the curtain. Thesis Artificial Immunity. Various positions in hospitality and eduction include: Many of these positions are considered “entry level”, and they are a great entry points into block method comparison the industry. Even though they are entry level, salaries can end up quite good because the positions tend to be gratuity based. We recently published a post on just how much craft beer servers can make, which you can read here. In addition, it is becoming increasingly more common for those working in hospitality and education to be required to become Cicerone Certified Beer Servers (see below).
The craft beer industry is still young and (almost by definition) is mostly family owned/operated by thesis the company founder. Ken Grossman started Sierra Nevada in 1979 and still leads the essay writing students company; Jim Koch started and thesis artificial, still runs the Boston Beer Company. Craft Beer is unlike wine in this sense; wine, as a more mature industry in terms of years, has many boutique brands who have had generations of essay styles, leaders come and go. Although there is that difference, the craft beverage business be that craft beer, wine, and spirits shares a unique quality in that even as a business grows and positions expand, the person at the helm usually has a deep love and understanding of production. A general manager or CEO at a winery usually is also a skilled winemaker, and the person running a larger craft brewery will mostly likely be a very talented commercial brewer. Thesis Immunity. This isn’t always the case in business where business leaders may not be so niche specific in structure their background or experience. Thesis Artificial. As the industry of craft beer grows, I envision it resembling the wine industry more in terms of career paths. There will come the day when someone will be able to graduate with an MBA in Craft Beer Business, be a skilled brewer, and work with the intention of holt essay, running a multi-million dollar business (and perhaps one they didn’t start). If you want to run a brewery in the near term, your best option is to start one. This is likely the a big contributing factor in the growth in the number of new craft breweries that have come on the scene in the last few years. While this guide’s focus is primarily around jobs with breweries, there is a growing demand and opportunity for thesis people who want to essay styles work on artificial immunity the distribution side of the Three-Tier-System and focus on persuasive essay Craft Beer.
Not only are larger distributors shifting more of their focus to artificial immunity craft beer, but there are new “craft” specific distributors popping up around the country whose primary focus is to writing school students support and sell craft beverage products. The Massachusetts Beverage Alliance and Kendall’s Pioneer Distributing (Washington State) are two that come to mind. These two distributors focus only on craft brands, and work to help smaller craft brands earn market share. These distributors are hiring! As craft beer grows, so does their business and the need for educated sales and marketing people to thesis artificial join their team. Brewing Schools Continuing Education. As the demand for world literature assessment criteria craft beer has increased, so has both the demand for more qualified brewers and interest in the profession of thesis artificial immunity, brewing . This has led to an increase in essay structure enrollment at schools and programs that teach and thesis immunity, train brewers. This increase in essay text demand has resulted in long wait lists for thesis immunity enrollment into the more established schools as well as resulted in new programs popping up for those wanting to enter the business of brewing. Degrees in “Fermentation Sciences”, which includes the study of brewing, cheese, bread, and winemaking are increasing in Advantages athlete popularity around the country. So are programs focused on educating students in the beverage business and getting individuals prepared to enter the workforce as beverage business leaders.
UC Davis Extension, the artificial Siebel Institute of Technology, and holt and winston online essay scoring, the American Brewers Guild are the longest running and most established brewing schools in the US. These schools have graduated some of artificial immunity, craft beer#8217;s most celebrated craft brewers; if you want in, sign up early. Professional Brewers Certificate Program Master Brewers Program. Advanced Applied Brewing Techniques Diploma Program Master Brewer Program. Essay Structure. Craftbrewer#8217;s Apprenticeship Intensive Brewing Science Engineering (IBSE) Other Educational Opportunities in Brewing and Business. Below is a growing list of higher education courses and programs geared towards the fermentations sciences and/or the thesis immunity business of brewing. We will add to this list as we discover more (let us know if we are missing any): Undergraduate Degree Opportunities. Appalachian State University Fermentation Sciences Boone, NC Colorado State University: B.S. in Fermentation Science Technology Fort Collins, CO Oregon State University: Four Year Program in Fermentation Science Corvallis, OR.
Continuing Education Opportunities Certificate Opportunities. American Society of Brewing Chemists , St. Paul, MN Master Brewer’s Association of the Americas St. Paul, MN Auburn University Graduate Certificate: Brewing Science Operations Auburn, AL Central Michigan University: Certificate of Fermentation Science Mount Pleasant, MI Central Washington University: Craft Beer Trade Certificate Ellensburg, WA Olds College Brewery: Brewmaster Brewery Operations Management Alberta, Canada Kwantlen Polytechnic University (KPU), Brewing Brewery Operations British Columbia, Canada Oregon State University PACE: Northwest Beer Cider Sessions Corvallis, OR Portland State University: The Business of Craft Brewing Portland, OR Regis University: Certificate in Applied Craft Brewing Denver, CO UC San Diego Extension: Professional Certificate in Brewing La Jolla, CA South College Certificate in Professional Brewing Knoxville, TN Also offers Business Administration Certificate with Concentration in Professional Brewing Science University of Vermont The Business of rinehart and winston online essay scoring, Craft Beer Professional Certificate ONLINE. This list is not comprehensive. There are also more and more community colleges around the country that now offer Associate in Applied Science Degrees in thesis immunity Brewing, Distillation and Fermentation.
Homebrewing is an integral part in the craft beer industry. The American Homebrewers Association has statistics that report that at least 90% of professional brewers began as homebrewers. And as craft beer the industry has exploded, so has homebrewing. The AHA also reports that there are over 1.2 million homebrewers in the US, with two-thirds of essay writing for high school students, that population starting in 2005 or later. Do you want to work in Craft Beer? A great way to start is to thesis homebrew and block comparison, join a homebrew club! Homebrew clubs are a great way to connect you to your local beer community, meet and network in the industry, and learn valuable brewing experience that will help you as you transition to commercial craft beer. The American Homebrewers Association is really the best resource around to find more information on homebrewing, joining a club, and attending events. A Certified Cicerone®, as accredited through the Cicerone Certification Program , is to artificial immunity craft beer what a Sommelier is to fine wine. A Certified Cicerone® is a highly trained and highly skilled professional in the business of beer namely in the business communicating and sharing the world of beer with others through sales education.
An individual will need to go through a rigorous training series and essay for high school students, need to pass several tests in order to artificial earn the title Certified Cicerone®. The training and tests are meant to method refine and develop the person’s palate and ability to thesis discern the essay writing for high school students nuances in beer through their senses as well as educate them in areas of brewing, beer and food pairing, beer service, beer styles, and ingredients. There are three levels of the Cicerone Certification Program: Level 1 is easily achievable and you can take an online test to earn the title of a Certified Beer Server through the thesis immunity Cicerone program. In fact, this is a growing requirement with many craft beer jobs, especially as they relate to marketing, selling, and educating craft beer. World Literature Essay Assessment. Level 2 is a much more difficult certification to artificial receive. Method Comparison Essay. The Cicerone Program is thesis artificial immunity less than 10 years old, and to-date, there are currently just over athlete, 1500 Certified Cicerone professionals world-wide. The program#8217;s 3 hour test requires a serious commitment from the artificial individual in order to pass. Being a Certified Cicerone will no doubt communicate your passion for craft beer and your commitment to Advantages of being athlete being a steward of thesis, beer. Having this level of certification is valuable in almost any craft beer profession, whether you are a brewer, buyer, sales representative, or beer writer. Level 3, Master Cicerone®, is a level only achieved by 9 people to-date world-wide.
Much like the Master Sommelier program, in Advantages and sacrifices of being order to achieve the ranks of thesis, Master Cicerone one will need to and sacrifices athlete complete a grueling 2-day exam process. A Master Cicerone is a true expert in the world of beer; as a Master Cicerone, one may consult, own their own brewery, be an author, or pretty much do anything related to beer that they desire. Immunity. Ready to text structure start your job search? Great! In addition to thesis immunity networking in your local craft beer community, which is definitely the essay best way to land a great job in craft beer, there are several online employment sites that will assist you in your search: Craft Beverage Jobs Yes, this is us! Make sure you are subscribed to thesis artificial immunity receive updates on new job openings in your area. It’s free!
Subscribe Here. Brewers Association If you are a member of the Brewers Association, you have access to their forum where members list job openings. Probrewer A forum for the brewing industry where employers list job openings. Brewbound Powered by BevNet. Craigslist Great for finding internships and entry level craft beer positions. Rinehart And Winston Essay. Even if your daily uniform is Carhartts, steel toed boots, and you sport a beard, you should still have a LinkedIN profile if you want to help yourself land a great craft beer job. In addition to having a completed profile, you should join a few groups that will better connect you with industry members and perhaps future employers! Not every LinkedIN group is created equal. Some are littered with spam, so I’ve gathered a few of the better ones you can join that are related to immunity craft beer: There are some great books out there about the world of beer. Rinehart And Winston Online Essay. From homebrewing to the history of beer, there are resources available for artificial immunity the job seeker to learn about nearly any aspect of beer that you want to study. Block Method Comparison Contrast. Below is a list that we#8217;ve curated with a slant towards the industry side of things, written by a few of thesis, today#8217;s top craft brewers: Some Closing Thoughts on Getting a Job in Craft Beer.
This is a great industry, and there is a great future ahead for the craft beer and the people who work in it. Literature. Jobs in Craft Beer are for people who are creative, driven, and artificial, dedicated to doing the best job they can while working with the best group of people they can find. While it’s a casual industry, there are still some formalities and final tips when applying for a job: Make sure your resume is current and accurately reflects your job history. Write a good and personal cover letter. Need some help on this? Download our free guide to writing an irresistible cover letter (it helps!) Are you a brewer? Make sure that the person considering hiring you tastes your beer! Drop off a growler, send them a 6-pack, and/or bend over backwards to make sure they get a sample of persuasive structure, what you can do even if that is your own homebrew and artificial, not something you brewed commercially. Network! Don#8217;t be shy and put yourself out contrast, there.
Ask for introductions, attend events, and engage online with your favorite craft brewer. When the time comes to apply for a job, make sure to remind them that they know you. We hope that anyone who wants to work in thesis artificial craft beer finds their dream job working in this wonderful industry. Keep us posted here at Craft Beverage Jobs on your journey, and tell us how it goes. Assessment Criteria. NOTE: We will work to keep this guide as updated as possible on a regular basis. If you find an outdated link and/or feel we missed something, please send us a note to: [emailprotected]
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sameer rathod resume Jacobs Engineering Group (JEC) Q1 2017 Results - Earnings Call Transcript. Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. (NYSE:JEC) Q1 2017 Earnings Call. February 08, 2017 11:00 am ET. Kevin C. Thesis Artificial? Berryman - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. Steven J. Demetriou - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc.
Jamie L. Cook - Credit Suisse Securities (NYSE:USA) LLC. Jerry Revich - Goldman Sachs Co. Steven Michael Fisher - UBS Securities LLC. Alan Fleming - Citigroup Global Markets, Inc. (Broker) Tahira Afzal - KeyBanc Capital Markets, Inc. Andrew John Wittmann - Robert W. Baird Co., Inc. Michael S. Dudas - Vertical Research Partners, LLC.
Anna Kaminskaya - Bank of America Merrill Lynch. Chad Dillard - Deutsche Bank Securities, Inc. Brent Edward Thielman - D. A. Block Method Comparison Essay? Davidson Co. Sameer Rathod - Macquarie Capital (USA), Inc. Good morning and welcome to the JEC First Quarter 2017 Earnings Call. All participants will be in listen-only mode. After today's presentation, there will be an artificial, opportunity to ask questions. Please note this event is being recorded. I would now like to turn the conference over to Kevin Berryman, Executive Vice President and CFO. Please go ahead.
Kevin C. Berryman - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. Thank you, Anita, and good morning and afternoon to all. We welcome everyone to persuasive essay, Jacob's 2017 first quarter earnings call. I will be joined on the call today by Steve Demetriou, our Chairman and CEO. As you know, our earnings announcement and Form 10-Q were released this morning and we have posted a copy of thesis artificial immunity, this slide presentation to and winston online, our website, which we will reference in our prepared remarks. Before starting, I would like to refer you to our forward-looking statement disclaimer, which is thesis artificial immunity, summarized on slide two. Structure? Any statements that we make today that are not based on historical fact are forward-looking statements.
Although, such statements are based on thesis artificial our current estimates and expectations and currently available competitive, financial and economic data, forward-looking statements are inherently uncertain and you should not place undue reliance on such statements as actual results may differ materially. There are a variety of risks, uncertainties and world essay criteria other factors that could cause Jacobs' actual results to differ materially from thesis artificial, what may be contained, projected or implied by our forward-looking statements. Essay Writing For High School Students? For a description of artificial, some of the risks, uncertainties and other factors that may occur that could cause actual results to block contrast essay, differ from our forward-looking statements, see our annual report on Form 10-K for the period ended September 30, 2016, including Item 1, Business; Item 1A, Risk Factors; Item 3, Legal Proceedings; and Item 7, Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of thesis artificial, Operations; as well as other filings with the rinehart and winston online essay Securities and Exchange Commission. We undertake no obligation to thesis artificial, update any forward-looking statements. During today's discussions, we will make a number of references to essay writing for high, non-GAAP financial measures.
You'll find additional disclosures regarding these non-GAAP measures, including reconciliations of these measures with comparable GAAP measures in the presentation that accompanies our prepared remarks, which can be found on our Investor Relations website located at www.jacobs.com. So now please turn to slide three for a quick review of the immunity agenda for essay text structure today's call. As in past quarters, Steve will begin our first quarter earnings presentation with some comments on the business and our results for the quarter, followed by a summary of backlog and market conditions for each of our four lines of business. I will then provide some more in-depth discussion on our financial metrics and results for each LOB. I will continue with some comments on our restructuring and capital allocation initiatives after which Steve will finish with some closing remarks. After, we will open it up for some questions. With that, I will now pass it over to Steve Demetriou, our Chairman and CEO. Steven J. Demetriou - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. Thank you, Kevin. Welcome to our fiscal year 2017 first quarter earnings call.
Before I begin, I'd like to recap the recently announced changes to our board of artificial immunity, directors. Assessment Criteria? Noel Watson, a true legend within our company and our industry decided to retire from the board last month. Thesis Immunity? As many of you know, for block method contrast essay more than 50 years, Noel has been wholly dedicated to thesis immunity, driving our company's industry leading growth and success. He epitomizes inspirational leadership and has been a clear role model for me and everyone at Jacobs. And at essay for high school the same time, John Coyne who served on our board since 2008 and who is an outstanding mentor to all of us on the leadership team, also announced his retirement. We wish both Noel and John success in their future endeavors. To replace the immunity Independent Director position vacated by John Coyne, I'm pleased to welcome Robert McNamara to the Jacobs board. Bob brings a wealth of block, industry experience in many of the markets we serve and thesis artificial all of us on essay for high school students the board are excited to have him as a new director. Moving to slide five, I'd like to summarize our first quarter fiscal year 2017 results. As projected in immunity, last quarter's earnings call, the challenging global economic environment that we experienced the for high school students last few years extended into our first quarter, although with evidence that certain hard hit markets are starting to show signs of life.
As a result of these prolonged market pressures, revenue burn in the first quarter was light at $2.6 billion. However, our focus on growth and specifically winning new business, is clearly gaining momentum. First quarter sales bookings were up 35% versus last year. And the higher value professional service component of our $18.1 billion backlog increased by more than $200 million sequentially. Equally important, unit gross margin improved to thesis artificial immunity, an overall company level of 16.4% of revenue as compared to 15.5% in last year's first quarter. And on the cost efficiency side of the equation, we continued to make great progress as we approached the persuasive text structure final stages of the company-wide restructuring initiative that began nearly two years ago. Total first quarter SGA cost was down 13% versus the thesis same period a year ago. So, putting all this together, our strong margin focus, our rigorous internal cost discipline and essay improved operational performance contributed to first quarter EPS coming in thesis artificial, modestly better than expected. On a GAAP basis, first quarter earnings of $0.50 per scoring share was up versus the $0.38 per share achieved in last year's first quarter. Immunity? And on an adjusted basis and excluding the discrete tax benefits of a year ago, we were pleased that our adjusted earnings of $0.68 per share stabilized versus last year's first quarter.
I'm also pleased with the strong performance across the company in driving working capital efficiencies which led to a further increase in essay text structure, our net cash position by the end of the first quarter. Consequently, we announced an enhancement to our capital deployment strategy with the initiation of thesis immunity, a quarterly dividend, while also continuing our share repurchasing program and increasing activity on exploring value-creating MA opportunities. In early December, we hosted our Investor Day and presented our three-year growth strategy for the company and individual lines of method essay, business. Artificial? As our current fiscal year progresses, we're beginning to see growth momentum build across the company, while we continue our transformation to a new stronger Jacobs. And, of course, in late December, we successfully concluded the Motiva arbitration, which was a very positive outcome for Jacobs, with the arbitration panel issuing a unanimous decision rejecting all of Motiva's claims and assigning no liability to world criteria, Jacobs or our JV partner. So, moving to slide six. As I previously mentioned, our total revenue and backlog finished at $18.15 billion for the quarter, relatively flat versus a year ago, but down by approximately $600 million sequentially. The strengthening U.S. dollar was responsible for close to thesis, $200 million in negative foreign currency movements.
And the decision by essay, one of our clients to cancel a large pharmaceutical investment accounted for most of the remaining sequential decline in backlog. However, the thesis artificial underlying story in our backlog is much more positive. The higher-value professional services component of our backlog, which at literature essay assessment criteria $12.2 billion represents more than two-thirds of our total backlog, increased for the fourth straight quarter and ended up at the highest level reported since March of thesis, 2015. And compared to a year ago, our professional services backlog is up by reflective essay on learning styles, over $800 million, despite more than $300 million of negative foreign exchange impact. So, as a result, the earnings potential in our backlog is measured by gross margin, is thesis artificial, trending positively. Block Method Comparison Contrast? As compared to last year's first quarter, gross margin in our backlog is thesis immunity, up more than 10% and is almost modestly higher on a sequential basis. And when looking at the unit gross margin of our backlog as a percent of revenue, each of holt rinehart and winston online, our four lines of business showed both year-over-year and sequential increases. Artificial? So, we believe the increase in quality and structure overall positive backlog momentum is benefiting by our more disciplined approach and stronger focus on leveraging synergies across the company to win higher value work. Thesis Immunity? Over the world next four slides, I'll provide more specifics for each of our lines of business.
Progressing to thesis artificial immunity, slide seven, our Aerospace Technology line of business backlog remained steady at rinehart online scoring $5.1 billion versus last year and artificial immunity is up by more than $260 million year-over-year. For High? It is also noteworthy that embedded in the AT backlog is thesis immunity, a year-over-year increase of $300 million of higher margin professional services work. Reflective On Learning Styles? The shift in mix to higher value business is offsetting a reduction in revenues associated with two contract re-bid losses back in the second half of thesis artificial immunity, 2015. Although we will continue to see pressure on our AT backlog in the second quarter due to these prior year losses, we are optimistic that the Advantages and sacrifices of being a student athlete strengthening pipeline of thesis artificial, new business opportunities, estimated to now be at a record high level for our Aerospace Technology business, will result in a growing backlog during the second half of this year. Across our markets, program funding continues to be stable, and persuasive essay we're targeting significant market share growth opportunities. Defense spending expectations are building momentum under the thesis artificial immunity new U.S. Federal Government. Holt Rinehart And Winston? Consistent with our strategy, we see significant opportunities in Weapon Systems Sustainment Services.
In the first quarter, the U.S. Marines Special Operations Command logistics support contract win was a nice step towards organic growth in this sector. Also, positively during the recent quarter, we made good progress in resolving previously protested wins. A prime example being our award of the U.S. Air Force 53rd wing IT support services contract, which had been mired in protest for an extended period of time. The value of thesis, our awarded contracts remaining under competitor protests has significantly decreased to what we now consider to be the new norm of approximately $100 million of protested project awards. Homeland security, cyber and intelligence related markets remained strong as areas of national priority spend.
Specific to our growing Jacobs Connected Enterprise service offering, the recently announced investment in ION software enhances Jacobs ability to deliver and manage Internet of Things capability for our global customer base across all four of our lines of business. The Jacobs Connected Enterprise suite provides clients the capability to connect, protect and analyze operational systems and data, and span several core functional categories including information technology and essay for high school network infrastructure, cloud solutions, data analytics and cyber security. The diversity of our Aerospace Technology business is a strength. The profitability of thesis, our U.S. telecom business continued to improve as unit margins increased, while we expand backlog with existing customers. In the UK, our position in the nuclear new build market continues to structure, expand. In addition to the ramp up of work at thesis immunity EDF at Hinkley Point C, we've been appointed by NuGen as a strategic partner to assist them with overall program delivery. Persuasive? And we were also successful in winning an extension to an engineering support services contract we have with NASA and a technical support services contract with Ford Motor Company. Moving to slide eight, our Buildings Infrastructure line of business is experiencing the best sales momentum in the company.
Sales were up significantly versus the year-ago quarter and artificial have continued to positively trend over the past several years. Our fiscal year first quarter backlog for Buildings Infrastructure is now at $5.2 billion, which is literature essay, up $120 million versus last quarter and thesis artificial more than $400 million versus the reflective essay on learning prior year period. Political dynamics are, for the most part, favorably impacting this business globally and seem to have unleashed some of the previous delays and opportunities. Specifically in thesis, the U.S., there was a flurry of activity late in persuasive structure, the quarter of RFPs coming out across the federal, state and immunity local levels, some fairly significant in size. Of particular strength for text structure Jacobs in terms of recent wins and building pipeline opportunities are in highways, rail, aviation and federal buildings. Specifically in buildings, during the quarter, we were awarded critical framework agreements for immunity the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, the U.S. Air Force in Japan and the renewal of our position on the defense infrastructure panel for the Australia Defense Force. Also on the Buildings front, healthcare is holt scoring, strong with $15 billion in current projects under management across the U.S. And we're experiencing excellent momentum in Australia, where we won an architectural services contract for the New Wales – the South New Wales helped Blacktown Hospital in artificial, a principal design consultant contract for Queensland Health, Roma Hospital. There are also exciting growth opportunities in educational facilities in holt and winston online essay, the U.S., UK and Australia driven in part by artificial, the expansion of students from Asia seeking higher education in these markets.
And also on persuasive text structure the Buildings front, we're actively targeting a select group of corporate clients and are seeing significant interest for fully integrated service delivery. Thesis Immunity? Jacobs is particularly well equipped to respond to these needs due to our long-term client relationships across a number of industries such as oil and gas, pharma and chemicals. The global infrastructure market, specifically transportation, is providing growth opportunities in a sector where we have excellent market positions. On Learning? We're seeing the thesis immunity UK government invest in infrastructure. Rail and and sacrifices of being a student athlete transit spend globally continues to be positive, especially in California, the U.S. Northeast, the Middle East, Australia and artificial Asia. Some recent wins include the Victorian Government Cranbourne-Pakenham transit depot, the transport for London-Camden station upgrade and of being athlete a detailed design services contract for network enhancements for Sydney Trains.
U.S. Thesis? Federal highway spending remains steady, and we're focused on those states and counties which have recently funded revenue packages. Opportunities also exist in the UK, Australia and New Zealand. School? And we experienced several wins in the quarter, including the Florida Department of Transportation Turnpike, the Texas Department of Transportation I-30 design project and the Bruce Highway Upgrade in Australia. Investment in new and existing aviation facilities continues to grow across the globe. Artificial? We've added top international aviation talent and block method comparison developed innovative best practices to support our clients. This has led to a string of recent successes. After program wins toward the end of our 2016 fiscal year at LaGuardia and LAX, we had further significant wins in the most recent quarter, including at Heathrow and Melbourne airports, and are pursuing several other major airport programs around the world.
Global water and environmental services markets continued to thesis immunity, grow and comparison contrast we're having success in expanding our service offerings by leveraging our Tier 1 expertise in thesis artificial immunity, Europe and top quartile capabilities in Australia. We're pursuing a number of opportunities globally and we're pleased with recent wins, including a four-year extension to our Bear Creek Georgia Reservoir OM contract, Miami-Dade Water and Sewer Department, Melbourne Water Treatment Plant expansion, and the ConocoPhillips Australia environmental services panel. And we're also excited about the persuasive text recently announced acquisition of Aquenta Consulting, which strengthens our leadership in artificial immunity, integrated project delivery services in on learning, Australia and across Asia Pacific. I'm now on slide 9 in the summary of our Industrial line of artificial, business. In the essay school first quarter, we experienced a significant burn in our Life Sciences' backlog, especially in the field services component.
We also had the cancellation of a significant biotech project associated with our client's decision to cancel the expansion. As a result, our quarter-end backlog was reduced to $2.5 billion. Immunity? However, the margin impact of reflective essay on learning styles, this decline in backlog was minimal as the thesis immunity first quarter professional service portion of online, our Industrial backlog remains solid. And in fact, is up nearly a $100 million versus the thesis artificial year ago quarter. In Life Sciences, despite the one single large project cancellation, the pharma market continues to be strong, particularly in the biotech space. The sector continues to look positive with a strong pipeline of new drug developments. We anticipate the third wave of expansions to include billing capacity for drug substances and supply chain optimization. During the quarter, we captured a significant biotech manufacturing project award for a confidential client in our actively performing site selection services for their new facility.
Our geographic market share continues to grow as we capture opportunities in Switzerland, Northern Europe and Hungary and we're seeing green shoots of recovery in China and Singapore. We've had success in expanding our construction management, commissioning and qualification capabilities to provide end-to-end solution for reflective essay styles our pharma clients and thesis artificial immunity we also had several recent wins this quarter in persuasive text structure, the Sustaining Services space, a strategic growth opportunity for immunity our business. Consumer goods and manufacturing spend is steady. This is an area of opportunity for us as we expect increased activity from increased existing clients looking to appeal to consumers who expect high quality, convenient personal care and wellness products that are environmentally friendly. This quarter, we secured two front-end project development opportunities demonstrating the pulp and paper sectors continued growth. An area of particular strength for us. Structure? We're also seeing growth as top brand in Tier 2 manufacturers looking how to provide consumers direct-ship and e-commerce options.
We are being rewarded with extensions from sustaining services contracts resulting from our relationships, capabilities and our ability to deliver value as the thesis artificial upward trend continues in this sector. Our field services business continues to create opportunities for us, particularly, as the U.S. and method essay UK industrial sector show signs of recovery. We're seeing increased interest in construction and maintenance prospects from clients we do not traditionally serve, such as within the nuclear and automotive industries. Capturing this type of work and leveraging the adjacencies within our overall corporate portfolio is a real growth opportunity for us. Overall, we're seeing positive growth in field services in multiple geographies and industries with increased sustaining services prospects. In the thesis specialty chemicals sector, positive trends continue for our Technology business, as our clients address new environmental regulations for sulfur emissions.
Additionally, several early-stage opportunities emerge this quarter for method comparison bleach and chemical plant prospects in Finland, Russia, Uruguay and the U.S. During the quarter, we were awarded a major sulfuric acid plant contract in Canada. And in the mining sector, we're seeing increased activity in preliminary studies and value-improvement programs. Positively, we secured three significant wins in our first quarter. Two for front-end engineering and design investments in Canada and the third for a five-year sustaining capital program. These awards along with a recent rise in thesis, copper and other base metal prices, are indications that mining and metal sector is beginning to slowly recover. Turning to slide 10, our Petroleum Chemicals revenue and backlog continue to stabilize in the first quarter at method $5.4 billion.
I'm very pleased with the quality of recent wins in artificial immunity, our Petroleum Chemicals business as evident by the unit gross margin and reflective on learning backlog increasing versus both last year and immunity last quarter. The upstream oil and gas market got a positive boost during the quarter by the OPEC agreement to cut reduction. Oil prices reacted positively, moving up to a $50 to $55 per barrel range by the end of essay for high students, our first quarter. While this is a positive, there still remains a relatively high level of caution and immunity uncertainty on crude prices over the near term. Looking further out, the crude market is expected to continue its slow recovery as demand for oil is forecast to modestly grow over the next several years. We do, however, expect market forces will continue to cause price volatility and that current high inventory levels coupled with a gradual recovery at non-OPEC crude productions will moderate any runway of prices. LNG prices experienced similar upward movement. U.S. LNG exports have been gradually increasing and moving to Asia markets due to a combination of higher demand, higher prices, and LNG plant outages in Australia. And we expect continued interest in new market creation scheme such as gas to power, small scale distribution, green fuel and transportation fuel substitution, which create opportunities for smaller scale LNG plant logistics investments, which is an area where we are more competitive.
Refining markets are generally steady with continued focus on efficiency improvements, regulatory compliance and maintenance that was deferred over the last couple of years. We expect larger capital expenditure projects to remain centered in the Middle East and Asia. Prospects that we are engaged in essay school students, are driven by the relative demand for diesel versus gasoline, which require reconfiguration of some of the new higher conversion refineries, increased octane requirements, increased coker capacity requirements due to the MARPOL regulations on high sulfur bunker fuels, and the continued trend to bring transport fuel quality of developing countries up to world's specifications. The chemical sector remains our strongest growth trend. The numerous ethane crackers in the U.S. coming online this year adding 7 million tons of capacity is promoting significant downstream investments, creating significant opportunity as our initiatives such as oil to chemicals and thesis other chemical derivative opportunities benefiting from persuasive essay, cheap feedstocks. Small and mid-cap spending is increasing on projects where we historically have our strongest share. It is positive to see the increasing pipeline of opportunities. And as a result of thesis immunity, several recent project wins, petrochemicals is forecasted to world essay, represent more than two-thirds of our Petroleum Chemicals business for fiscal year 2017.
Turning it now over thesis, back to Kevin. Kevin C. Writing? Berryman - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. Thanks, Steve. Now turning to slide 11, you will see a more detailed summary of our financial performance for the quarter. Adverse market conditions, as Steve noted, in certain end markets continued to impact top-line revenues during the quarter and resulted in revenues of $2.6 billion, down approximately 10% versus the first quarter of 2016. More positively, GAAP EPS was $0.50, up $0.12 versus the year ago quarter as costs associated with our restructuring efforts begin to slow as expected. On an adjusted basis, and when noting the $0.09 benefit in our EPS in Q1 of year ago associated with a discrete tax item, the company was effectively flat versus year ago on an operational basis at $0.68 versus a calculated figure of $0.69 in the year ago quarter. As Steve mentioned, backlog was $18.1 billion at quarter end and book-to-bill on a trailing 12-month basis remains above the weaker level seen in early fiscal year 2016 and finishing at 0.99 times compared to 0.92 times for the first quarter of immunity, 2016. Q1 gross margin percentage finished at 90 basis points versus the year ago quarter, further indications of our improved execution, our focus on literature essay assessment profitable growth and cost discipline. Importantly, our gross margin percentage for our professional services business was also up and thesis immunity improved to a level that the holt and winston essay company has not seen since 2014.
For Q1, GAAP SGA was reduced a significant $50 million versus the year ago period as restructuring cost began to abate as expected. On an adjusted basis, SGA fell $14 million versus the year ago period, continuing the positive signs of our success to drive greater cost efficiency. Operating profit for thesis the quarter was $89 million or $120 million on an adjusted basis. And on an adjusted basis, the OP margin improved 20 basis points versus the year ago period, as our unit margin improvements have mitigated some of the challenged end market dynamics that we have faced. Finally, our efforts to improve cash flows have seen working capital decrease of 41% versus the year ago quarter, with receivables down 14% over the same period. DSOs were lower than the year ago quarter by world essay assessment, three days and Q1 free cash flow was $84 million, a $70 million improvement versus the year ago period. At quarter end, the company's net cash position now stands at $347 million, an improvement of $79 million over last quarter, and a strong improvement of $528 million from the thesis artificial year ago period. Before moving on to the next slide, I wanted to also note that we have made a one-time accounting adjustment during the athlete quarter to artificial immunity, update our foreign goodwill balances in connection with certain exchange rate differences. These required adjustments were made during the quarter and were identified given the persuasive text additional transparency provided by and our transition to the company's enhanced ERP system implemented in Q1.
These adjustments were offset in the shareholders' equity of our balance sheet with zero impact to our PL and/or our cash flow. Artificial? And only were related to the translation of our goodwill and intangible balances to Advantages of being a student, our U.S. dollar functional currency. The adjustments were also deemed immaterial, and as such, we have made the correcting adjustments during the quarter. For further information, I refer you to our latest 10-Q that was released earlier this morning. So turning to slide 12, you will see the Q1 segment financials for our four lines of businesses. Regarding our Aerospace Technology line of artificial immunity, business, we saw a positive 6.4% increase in adjusted operating profit versus the first quarter of last year, and an increase of world essay assessment, 170 basis points in our operating profit margin versus the thesis artificial same period. The improvement in the margin profile of the year was supported by reflective styles, a continued improvement in the margin mix of this line of business.
The overall operating profit improvement occurred despite a drop in artificial, revenues. The reduction in revenue was driven primarily by certain unsuccessful rebids in 2015 associated with generally lower margin businesses. The margin in the quarter was further supported by additional project reserve releases given strong project delivery performance on several large projects. Meanwhile, the BI business saw revenue improve by 3.1% versus the year-ago quarter. But due to writing for high, the mix of thesis artificial, work being burned, adjusted operating profit declined by 4.1% over the same period and margins were actually down a bit, 50 basis points. Persuasive Essay Text Structure? The margin in the quarter was impacted by certain project start-up delays which resulted in immunity, staff buildup costs being less billable than originally expected. Margins, however, are expected to rebound over the course of the year.
The Industrial line of reflective essay on learning, business also saw an increase in thesis immunity, revenues for the quarter of 11.8% versus the year-ago quarter. However, adjusted operating profit was down 8.1% versus the same period and margins were also off 70 basis points. The primary driver of revenue growth would sum our Life Science business, although much of the a student incremental growth in this revenue was at lower margins due to field services work building on several major projects. In addition, our mining and thesis artificial immunity minerals business also contributed to essay writing for high school, some of the margin weakness, given the impact of immunity, a project settlement in Q1 of the current year. Sequentially, our Industrial business rebounded well versus Q4, almost doubling from the Q4 figure of essay assessment, $13 million.
Lastly, our Petroleum Chemicals line of business saw a 32% decline in revenue for Q1 versus the year ago period, but a more positive 30-basis-point increase in thesis, operating profit margin, as we increased our higher margin professional services workload in Petroleum Chemicals. The fall in revenue was driven by essay assessment criteria, the challenging end market dynamics that Steve has previously mentioned, but the margin improvement is a clear indication of the strong focus on cost, efficiencies and thesis immunity more profitable work. So, moving to for high school students, slide 13, you'll see the split of segment operating profit by each line of business on a trailing 12-month basis for fiscal years, first quarter 2017 versus the year-ago period. As we've previously highlighted, our revenues in segment operating profit mix continues to evolve towards higher growth and higher margin businesses, consistent with our strategy. Two thirds of our segment profit now comes from our two highest margin businesses, and which those two combined have increased their percentage of immunity, total segment operating profit by literature essay assessment criteria, 9 percentage points versus the year ago trailing 12-month period. In addition, revenues in corresponding segment operating profits from those portions of our portfolio most impacted by challenged commodity prices continue to thesis, represent smaller portions of our overall mix, respectively. Holt Rinehart And Winston Online Scoring? However, as these markets begin to rebound, we believe we are well-positioned to leverage our global talent and skill set to see strong improvements in these businesses as well. In summary, the profit mix of our portfolio continues to thesis, underscore the industry-leading diversity and stability of our portfolio. The diversity positions us well for profitable growth; as one, we continue to drive growth in our higher margin businesses; and two, we position ourselves to drive growth in holt scoring, those businesses currently impacted by weaker commodities, as these markets begin to recover. Moving to slide 14. Over the quarter, we continued our efforts to improve our financial discipline and performance, while further enhancing our business structure and operations.
The 2015 formal restructuring program is nearing completion, and has significantly enhanced our cost effectiveness as evidence by thesis artificial, the reduction in adjusted selling, general and administrative cost of essay structure, $62 million in the first quarter of 2017 versus the first quarter of 2015. The last reported quarter prior to the initiation of artificial, our restructuring program. Our lines of business realignment has further supported the restructuring effort, enhancing leadership focus and accountability. We will continue to take a rigorous approach to tracking business expenditures, and the return expectations associated with that. To that end, we previously announced during our fourth quarter 2016 call, and 2016 Investor Day that we are forecasting strategic investments to support various initiatives, and our pivot to reflective essay on learning, growth. We have taken a very disciplined return on investment approach to artificial, these expenses, and holt rinehart online much of the focus as you know is on upgrading our systems and immunity tools.
Our spend on these strategic investments started later than originally expected as plans were vetted and ultimately finalized. We now expect the spend to accrue over the first three quarters of the year as we continue to evaluate the persuasive mix of investments and returns associated with them. In Q2, we expect investments to approach approximately $0.05 earnings per share. Finally, slide 15 provides a short update on our capital allocation program activities for the first quarter. During the quarter, we continue to execute our share buyback program in a balanced and measured approach purchasing 600,000 shares for a total of $30 million. We have now spent $183 million of our approved $500 million share buyback program, purchasing 4 million shares in the process. We plan to continue to execute the remaining $317 million of this program in a balanced manner over thesis immunity, the remainder of the three-year term of the program.
In addition, we were excited to announce at our 2016 Investor Day that our board approved the implementation of a dividend program in online, fiscal year of 2017. We were also pleased to follow-up on this news by declaring in January a dividend of $0.15, a quarterly dividend payable on thesis artificial March 17 to shareholders of record at the close of essay, business on February 17. Given the significant improvements we have implemented at Jacobs, and our continuing belief in artificial, being able to drive strong cash flows, we believe returning excess capital to our shareholders in essay writing students, this manner is an appropriate use of cash, and artificial immunity we'll continue to support shareholder value. Of course, we also believe that the strength of essay, our cash flow not only artificial, supports these returns of capital to our shareholders, but still provides ample and the needed cash to support the most important use of cash, investments to drive our profitable growth strategy. To that end, after the close of the quarter, we have made two key growth investments. Essay? The first was our recently announced acquisition of artificial, Aquenta Consulting in Australia, which will support our integrated project service delivery in the Asia Pacific region. And then, of course, Steve also mentioned the investment on our new ION Software program, which will aid our Jacobs Connected Enterprise suite of holt rinehart online essay scoring, services and artificial immunity enhance our ability to deliver, extend and manage this key growth initiative. With that, let me hand it back over to, Steve. Steven J. Demetriou - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. Thank you, Kevin.
Moving to the last slide, we're pleased with the progress of enhancements we've made at Jacobs over the past 18 months, and the transformation that's now underway. Reflective On Learning? We remain diligent in our pursuit of increased operational efficiencies, and are driving a number of significant improvement initiatives. Key over the next several quarters will be a continued strong discipline and focus on improving margins and cash flows. Overall, we continue to project a stable fiscal year with strong underlying operational performance. Thesis Immunity? Our adjusted EPS guidance remains at $3 to $3.30 range. This includes certain strategic investments associated with our strategy implementation, which we will continue to essay for high school, make in the second quarter. However, the key change occurring in immunity, the company is our shift from a total focus on cost restructuring over the last two years to now a relentless focus on of being a student winning new business that provides profitable growth.
From a market standpoint, we're more positive, partly because certain hard hit markets, such as oil and gas and mining are showing signs of life. But also due to the more robust dynamics of buildings, infrastructure, aerospace, technology and thesis artificial immunity pharmaceuticals markets. All of this is giving us more confidence that we will see an increase in Jacobs' backlog in the second half of our fiscal year, positioning us for a stronger 2018 bottom line performance. The key is staying focused on executing the growth strategy we presented in essay, December. This includes focusing and investing in the priority targeted markets and geographies where we see the best growth and margin profile, where we have differentiated capabilities and immunity fit, while continuing to execute on Advantages of being a student a series of transformational initiatives that will ultimately drive a higher-growth, higher-margin, higher-return business; all with the ultimate objective of increasing shareholder value. With that, I'd like to thank you for listening, and artificial immunity we'll now open it up for questions. Anita?
We will now begin the writing for high question-and-answer session. The first question comes from Jamie Cook with Credit Suisse. Please go ahead. Jamie L. Cook - Credit Suisse Securities (USA) LLC. Hi, good morning. I guess, a couple of questions. One for, Kevin and then one for Steve.
Kevin, on the strategic investment, how much is the first quarter? I know you said $0.05 will hit the second quarter, and there'll be some in the third quarter? Kevin C. Thesis Artificial Immunity? Berryman - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. We estimated about that same level. Jamie L. For High School Students? Cook - Credit Suisse Securities (USA) LLC. So, $0.05 in the first quarter? Kevin C. Berryman - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. Jamie L. Cook - Credit Suisse Securities (USA) LLC. Okay.
Because I guess, as I sit here and thesis if I just take the fourth quarter, and then we're going to have incremental headwinds from the essay writing for high investment, $0.10 over the next two quarters. If you take the first quarter, you multiply by four, it implies you're $2.70 something with $0.10 more in incremental headwinds. So I'm just trying to thesis artificial, understand what are the drivers behind the EPS ramping, the main drivers to persuasive essay structure, get to immunity, even the midpoint of your guidance. I understand, the margin profile within the backlog is better. But we're still seeing significant sales decline. So I mean, is the lower-end, low to midpoint more likely or am I missing something? And then, I guess my second question, Steve, obviously, on the AT side, the profitability was good.
It sounds like there's a lot of essay writing, potential – the thesis bid opportunity looks pretty good. So could you just help me with one, in terms of the bids outstanding when you expect those to hit and does that help more 2018 versus 2017? And then, I think, last quarter you said you expect revenues to be under pressure for the full-year, is that still the right way to think about method contrast it, just because it matters with – just because that's your more profitable business? Thanks. Kevin C. Thesis Artificial Immunity? Berryman - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. Jamie, let me take a stab at a couple of the essay comments and artificial then, Steve, wants to add some color commentary. First thing is, and you mentioned it actually in your question is the gross margin in persuasive text structure, our backlog is improving. Thesis Immunity? And ultimately, we believe that, that gains additional momentum over the course of the world literature assessment year.
And we do believe that, as the incremental focus that's being placed on the growth initiatives, which Steve alluded to in his closing comments is real. Thesis? And so, the portfolio, both the writing for high school near-term and the balance of the year growth opportunities are positive. So we see those things improving over thesis artificial immunity, the balance of the year. We still feel that $3 to $3.30 is an appropriate number, and that's what our forecast and expectations will be at this point in time. I will tell you, and you heard me say it in Q1, that it is going to be important for us to develop some growth momentum over the course of the year. So, we're seeing that happen already with the gross margin and and sacrifices of being athlete backlog, and thesis we expect that, that will continue to happen over the course of the block comparison essay year. Steven J. Thesis? Demetriou - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. Yeah.
So, Jamie, building on block method comparison that and thesis artificial addressing your questions, let me start with the last part of block contrast essay, it when we look at sort of the top line. As I mentioned, we see backlog bases building momentum through the year, and we see the same thing from revenue that will hit our PL. So the same sort of second half stronger than the first half, which bodes well with regard to artificial immunity, starting to see some year-over-year growth on the revenue side as we get into the second half. And when we look at that, it's pretty much across the company. Aerospace Technology, which you've talked about, I can't emphasize enough our excitement around the pipeline.
It's very robust. We're very excited about it. It does take time and probably more time in AT than in essay school, any of our businesses to see it play through, because of some of the protest issues that go on in that industry. Thesis Artificial Immunity? But we are bullish as we get into contrast essay, the second half. And I would say, of thesis, all the world assessment businesses that probably bodes well more for 2018 and 2017, because of the artificial cycle time that I mentioned. Buildings Infrastructure, clearly, a business that's building momentum, as we've seen quarter over quarter over text, quarter growth that will contribute to our second half strength versus the first half that Kevin talked about in artificial immunity, this year's PL, as well as a growing backlog. Industrial, we had some one-time issues in the first quarter as we mentioned on of being the mining business, a project completion write-down that we took that we'll see some momentum with that, and some of the other factors in that business. And then Petroleum Chemicals, we also see building momentum as we get through the year on work that we won late last year, and thesis also, some good book and essay styles burn business in the second half. So. Jamie L. Cook - Credit Suisse Securities (USA) LLC. I guess just to – just to be more clear, Steve or Kevin, to meet the low-end of thesis artificial, your guidance, can you get there just on the margin improvement that you're seeing in your backlog or do we need incremental wins as well to hit the low-end?
I'm just trying to figure out how I think about the essay styles low-end versus the high-end? Kevin C. Berryman - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. Well, there's a couple of things, Jamie, to think about. The other piece you didn't alluded to, which I think is, at least part of the thesis equation is the incremental savings we're getting relative to the topping-off with a restructuring. So it's not the huge amount of money, but there is literature assessment, incremental savings that we'll see in the back half. So that will be a tailwind for us. As it relates to our margin profile that we have now, we're going to need additional margin wins to ultimately get to certainly the top-end of our range. So I think, the bottom end of the thesis range will probably be more associated with – we're not seeing some of those incremental improvements that we expect. Jamie L. Reflective? Cook - Credit Suisse Securities (USA) LLC. Okay.
That's helpful. Thank you. I'll get back in queue. Our next question comes from Jerry Revich with Goldman Sachs. Please go ahead. Steven J. Demetriou - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. Jerry, are you there? Hi, good morning, everyone. Thesis Artificial Immunity? In Aerospace Technology, you folks had excellent margin performance in the quarter; in the Q you spoke about some project close-out benefits and better progress on fixed price work. Can you just maybe parse that out for block contrast us?
What was the project benefit? What do you expect the run rate margin of the portfolio to look like over the balance of the year? Steven J. Thesis Artificial Immunity? Demetriou - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. Let me start just from a sort of a commercial and a mix standpoint that, clearly, the business, we mentioned some contract rebid losses in late 2015 that being replaced by new wins. The new wins are clearly higher value, higher margin business than the block method business that we were burning off on thesis artificial immunity the contract rebids, the contracts that we had previously. So, there's been a very nice mix upgrade on the markets that Terry Hagen and his team have been going after. And it's consistent with the strategic focus that we talked about at Investor Day. Kevin, you want to reflective styles, take the, kind of the financial piece of artificial, that question? Kevin C. Text Structure? Berryman - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc.
Yeah. Look, I think, the pop-up in the margin for thesis immunity the quarter specifically can pretty much attributed to some of the project stuff that we alluded to in our prepared remarks. I won't go into the details as it relates to that. Essay? But the margin you see in Q1 is not necessarily sustainable until we kind of see the building momentum as Steve has outlined, as it relates to artificial, the margin profile longer-term. Okay. Persuasive? And then, regarding the two contracts that are rolling-off, when will we have annualized the revenue run rate of thesis artificial immunity, those contracts completely off the books? Can you calibrate us there? Kevin C. Berryman - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. I think it's probably around third quarter, I believe. Steven J. Demetriou - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc.
Kevin C. Berryman - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. . is assessment criteria, where we'll – third and fourth quarter is when we'll be past it. Okay. Immunity? And then you folks have been looking to build backlog in your Chemicals business; exiting 2017, I'm wondering if you could just provide an method comparison essay, update on those prospects and immunity the derivatives work and essay writing for high students any color you can share since the Analyst Day? Steven J. Demetriou - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. Yeah. I'd say everything we've talked about on the Investor Day is continuing to play through, very robust pipeline on the Chemicals side as we've talked about. We did a lot of front-end engineering design work last year. And what's happening now is, we're converting many of those to full EPC, EPCM projects.
A lot of activity around the world, a lot of foreign investment coming into the U.S. to thesis artificial immunity, take advantage of some of the energy dynamics, cheap feedstocks and text joining forces with – and immunity joint ventures. Styles? And we're participating in several of those in the U.S. and Europe. German – the major German chemical players, a lot of activity there. And we're a leader in that market with a geographic presence and our capability. Asia Pacific, especially we're seeing Singapore, Indonesia, other markets, strong prospect. So and of course, I'm sorry, Middle East, that seems to be a lot of focused investment there, a lot of thesis artificial, integrated refining chemical projects sort of new creative initiatives. So, we're very excited about that, and it's clearly the richest part of our pipeline. Okay. Thank you very much. Our next question comes from Advantages and sacrifices of being, Steven Fisher with UBS.
Please go ahead. Steven Michael Fisher - UBS Securities LLC. Thanks. Good morning. Kevin C. Berryman - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. Steven Michael Fisher - UBS Securities LLC. Hi, could you just give a little more color as to artificial, why the revenue burn, it sounds like it was a little lighter than you expected in the quarter. And it sounded like your answer to Jamie, is Advantages athlete, maybe that the second half of the year we start to see the immunity revenue start growing year-over-year, is that the right way to think about holt essay it? Kevin C. Artificial Immunity? Berryman - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. Well, look one comment specifically – look, we're still comparing to Q1 of a year ago in writing for high school, our Petroleum Chemicals business where we were still falling as it relates to that.
We think we're getting to a point where we're going to become more stabilized, so that's going to end up improving the year-over-year comparison going forward. Steven Michael Fisher - UBS Securities LLC. Steven J. Demetriou - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. Yeah. Let me just add to that, that I think, we've been pretty clear over the last year and a half that we're shifting to a more disciplined approach of not growing for thesis immunity the sake of growing, but growing profitably. And a lot of that has been shifting away from low-margin business to high-margin.
Less focus on projects where we end up putting on world assessment the books on low-value field services work to artificial immunity, where – we only want to do those projects if they're going to create value. And so, as we mentioned earlier, even though we have sequential backlog decline because of some of the dynamics about the large pharma, et cetera, the gross margin in our backlog is increasing. Our PL, gross margin is increasing. I think, there's evidence that the quality of Advantages and sacrifices a student athlete, earnings are increasing and thesis immunity we're seeing underlying growth in that. And Sacrifices Of Being Athlete? And we believe that will start to thesis immunity, play out in comparison contrast, the actual PL revenue by the second half year-over-year. So, we've been less focused. When you say below our expectations, that's not a number we've been focused on over the near-term, because it really, to us, is meaningless. What's more important is the thesis immunity gross margin improvement, the unit gross margins and ultimately the operating profit.
And so, we're actually pretty pleased with the writing for high students progress there and I think it will play out as the thesis artificial rest of the year goes on. Steven Michael Fisher - UBS Securities LLC. Okay. Advantages And Sacrifices A Student Athlete? And it sounds like despite – due to the more stable oil prices, customers are still a bit tentative. What are they asking you for at this point on immunity the projects that have been pending for a while? Are they still looking for more ways to take cost out of the project, is it different scopes or are they really just sort of waiting for something to give them the confidence to really pull the trigger? Steven J. Demetriou - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. So, if you look and based on the clients we've talked to plus publics information, it's almost a 50/50 CapEx story. Half the companies are stabilizing to increasing CapEx and the other half are still shaving CapEx for cash flow. I think all of them are focused on prioritizing now maintenance and turnarounds that they deferred over the last couple of years and that's a sweet spot for us and essay writing school that's what we're focused on with our clients.
The other is any growth CapEx that has a short cycle return. Artificial Immunity? So, very short-term payback type projects – productivity, very much productivity oriented. And that's a big focus for us, for a majority of world literature essay, our clients. Yes, we're involved in some of the Middle East and artificial immunity larger projects that will have a longer payback, but those are really focused far and few between, but I think the writing for high school majority of it is really around regulatory maintenance, sustaining capital and thesis immunity quick return projects. Steven Michael Fisher - UBS Securities LLC. Got it. Thanks a lot. Our next question comes from Andrew Kaplowitz with Citi. Please go ahead.
Alan Fleming - Citigroup Global Markets, Inc. (Broker) Hi. Good morning. It's Alan Fleming standing in for Andy today. Persuasive Essay Structure? Kevin, maybe I can start with a question on cash. I mean it looks like you converted about thesis immunity 100% of your adjusted net income to text structure, free cash this quarter, and I think 1Q tends to be a seasonally weaker quarter for artificial immunity you guys in terms of cash generation and persuasive essay text structure I know you had talked about reducing the DSOs at the Analyst Day and it looks like you did that. But I guess the question is, did you maybe make a little bit more progress this quarter than you had expected? And is that progress sustainable?
And then, what does that mean for the rest of the year given the target you put out there of kind of immunity, one-time net income I think over the next few years? Kevin C. Berryman - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. Thanks for the question. Look, I think the reality of block contrast essay, Q1, you're right. Certainly last year was a little bit lower in terms of the results in cash flow versus the balance of the year. But there can be some fluctuations in the quarter and artificial you'd look back over time, you'll note that. I would say with the fall in the revenue that there is some incremental benefit that's occurring in our cash flow because of the working capital benefit. And so that has certainly helped support the Q1 cash flow. I don't think it has any implications differently than what I would have suggested relative to what we're going to try and do from a cash flow conversion perspective. But certainly, you need to take that into block method, account as you're evaluating the analysis on cash flow because there was some benefit just because the business was down in revenue and so, obviously, working capital will go down relative to that.
But we also saw some efficiency gains. And those efficiency gains are the things that we will need to continue to focus on thesis immunity to get the kind of targets that I've outlined as it relates to world assessment criteria, our future cash flows. Alan Fleming - Citigroup Global Markets, Inc. Artificial? (Broker) Okay. I appreciate that Kevin. And then maybe a follow-up for block essay you, Steve. You talked about mining in your prepared remarks. And I know mining is still a relatively small part of the business today, but you have the capabilities and thesis artificial immunity resume for doing more mining work than maybe some of your peers do.
And so, I'm wondering how do you see your mining footprint evolving over the next 12 to 18 months? And is it worth getting excited about mining today for Jacobs or is it just too early? Steven J. Demetriou - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. Well, we're not going to get ahead of ourselves, but we're clearly more optimistic today than we were 6 to 12 months ago. World Literature Assessment? We've maintained, as you said, a very strong presence, strong team, talent base in where we think the money is going to be spent, places like South America, both Chile and Peru, Australia, we have – and immunity other capabilities around the world. And we're involved in world literature essay, some of the key projects that are starting to get put back on the table. And so, I think, the other big factor there is the immunity productivity of the whole mining sector has eroded, if you measure sort of the productivity of the mines over the last decade. And so I think between the clients wanting new innovative ways of improving the expansions or grassroot projects to be much more productive, as well as the fact that copper prices are now up 25% versus where they were six to nine months ago, and essay other metal prices are improving.
There's more optimism building around CapEx spend and projects for us going forward. Alan Fleming - Citigroup Global Markets, Inc. (Broker) Steve, do you think you can grow Mining backlog in 2017? Steven J. Immunity? Demetriou - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. I think the answer is yes, but it will be fairly immaterial based on the starting point because our backlog just got destroyed over the last two or three years. But we're now getting more excited about what that backlog could look like going into 2018 and beyond.
So, we'll just leave it at that. Alan Fleming - Citigroup Global Markets, Inc. (Broker) Okay. Thanks, guys. I'll pass it along. Our next question is from Tahira Afzal with KeyBanc. School Students? Please go ahead. Tahira Afzal - KeyBanc Capital Markets, Inc. Thank you. Hi, folks. Kevin C. Berryman - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc.
Tahira Afzal - KeyBanc Capital Markets, Inc. I guess, first question, if I look at your longer term margin ranges that you gave at thesis the Analyst Day, the two segments I noticed that's still a little below clip is Building/Infrastructure and essay structure Petroleum Chemicals. Should we be seeing some visible improvement? What the range is as we head into the second half of the year? Is that where we should see that margin commentary you made really materialize? Steven J. Demetriou - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. Well, I think Building Infrastructure, the more we grow, the thesis better that margin can play out because we are pre-investing now in resources to go after the bridge pipeline that's emerging. And so, I think a lot of persuasive text, that will be building the backlog and thesis continuing to drive some of the efficiencies across the company. And then getting some of these pre-invested resources build on to these growth projects will help build the margin over the course of the block contrast next couple of years, consistent with our strategy. Petroleum Chemicals, I think clearly that margin has been under pressure because of the excess capacity in the industry.
And as that business starts to artificial, recover, we should see a bit more discipline in margins across the market, but I would also say that PC of all four of our lines of business has the most robust productivity, internal productivity efficiency improvements in the company when we look at transform the core. And that should play out with margin improvement through the three year strategies period that we talked about. Tahira Afzal - KeyBanc Capital Markets, Inc. Got it. Okay.
And I don't know if this question is more for Kevin. Block Method Contrast? But the investments that you have made in the first quarter, are they concentrated in any one segment? Are they on the corporate side? Just to get an idea of thesis artificial immunity, how to think about them. Kevin C. Berryman - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. It's spread across the essay text structure – both the LOBs and the corporate business and then, of course, our corporate investments, ultimately much of them get allocated back to the LOBs anyway. So, there is some investments that are hitting the LOB operating profit, but it's spread across and they're all investing behind strategic initiatives. Tahira Afzal - KeyBanc Capital Markets, Inc. Got it. Okay. My last question is more macro.
As you try to thesis artificial, grapple with all the implications of what the new administration is proposing, clearly some positives on the Infrastructure and perhaps defense side. But would love to get your thoughts on how your customers are thinking about some of the (59:41) and writing for high school students some of the new labor – newer regulations that might come out. You guys outsource quite a bit really – well, not outsource, but have centers outside of the U.S., which are pretty effective and competitive. So I would love to get your initial thoughts on artificial this. Kevin C. Berryman - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. So, look, I think it's way too early to essay for high school students, try and figure out all of this. There's a lot of things that have been thrown about as it relates to potential tax-related activities. I guess the way I would characterize it, Tahira, is that I do believe, if anything, it's a net positive. If you look at one of the items in thesis artificial, isolation, perhaps it goes one direction.
But I think collectively, the all-in kind of world literature essay criteria, view that we have at this point in time is thesis artificial, that it's going to of being a student, be incrementally positive. How much? That is the case. Who knows? But that would be our view at this particular point in time. Tahira Afzal - KeyBanc Capital Markets, Inc. Got it. Okay.
Thanks, Kevin. Kevin C. Berryman - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. Our next question comes from Andy Wittmann with Robert W. Baird Company. Please go ahead. Andrew John Wittmann - Robert W. Thesis? Baird Co., Inc. Great. Thanks. A Student Athlete? I guess my first one is for Kevin. We just noticed that the unbilleds were up pretty materially I guess quarter-over-quarter. Is there anything there that we should be aware of in terms of thesis artificial, projects that are notable that are driving that?
Kevin C. Berryman - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. No. I don't think so. Andy, I do – look, as we track our receivables and what not, we are continuing to do a really good job in reducing our over dues and our aging of Advantages and sacrifices athlete, our receivables is improving over time as opposed to not. And we do include the non-billeds in that calculation. So, we're actually feeling – we're not perfect. There are some things that we always need to be focusing on. But overall, we're pleased with the progress we continue to make. Andrew John Wittmann - Robert W. Baird Co., Inc. All right.
And then, I guess, my second question is on MA. And you guys talked about immunity some of the characteristics and even some of the markets that you'd be prioritizing at the Analyst Day. As you stand here today, can you just talk about the robustness of the and sacrifices athlete pipeline? Maybe if you can give us some context about artificial some of the size of the deals that you're looking at? Do you feel like the environment is conducive, in other words, to writing for high school students, doing some larger scale MA, especially considering the valuations that we've seen run in the sector? I'd like to thesis artificial, get your perspectives on world literature essay assessment criteria that. Steven J. Demetriou - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. Well, we shut down our MA process during the restructuring period as we focused on the things we needed to improve the company and develop or transform the immunity core strategy.
But over the last several months, we've rebuilt our internal MA process and we have a full-time leader, Jeff Goldfarb, who runs the MA process and and sacrifices a student athlete a team in place both corporately and thesis immunity across the lines of business. And so, there has been an increased activity in the company around following the essay writing strategy development starting to look at what's consistent with that strategy we presented in December. Thesis Artificial? And there's a lot of world assessment criteria, interesting assets out there, both (01:03:11), small bolt-on opportunities, I'd say especially in Aerospace Technology and Buildings Infrastructure. But, of artificial, course, there is some things that we're starting to look at that could be larger in size. For High School? But of course, we really need to understand how they fit with both our strategy, our margin, return expectations. Thesis Artificial? And so, a lot going on essay for high in the company and really not much more to thesis immunity, talk about athlete other than that at this stage. Andrew John Wittmann - Robert W. Artificial? Baird Co., Inc.
All right. Thank you. Our next question comes from Michael Dudas with Vertical Research. Please go ahead. Michael S. Dudas - Vertical Research Partners, LLC. Good morning, gentlemen. Kevin, just making sure your thoughts on text bidding expense and it sounds like you're making investments to take advantage of this year to show the growth over the next handful of artificial immunity, years. Do you see an Advantages and sacrifices athlete, year-over-year increase in thesis, the amount spending on winning new work and has the holt restructuring into the lines of business helped with that process and artificial immunity maybe you make that process more efficient from an expense standpoint? Thank you. Kevin C. Essay Writing For High Students? Berryman - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. Thanks for thesis the question, Mike.
Look, two things. One, there are some instances where we're suggesting that we want to increase our kind of bid cost. But, what's really happening more so than that is we're focusing more on where we believe the margin and the opportunities are that allow us to profitably grow going forward. So, we're being much more effective in reflective essay styles, terms of how we're spending our bid dollars in thesis artificial immunity, the belief that we're going to be able to have a greater return base as the same numbers. And so, there isn't significant increases due to that fact and the preliminary successes that we're seeing is certainly indicating that that can happen. Michael S. Dudas - Vertical Research Partners, LLC.
Excellent, Kevin. Thank you. Our next question comes from Anna Kaminskaya with Bank of America Merrill Lynch. Please go ahead. Anna Kaminskaya - Bank of America Merrill Lynch. Morning, guys. Method Essay? My first question is just on artificial the guidance, more of world essay assessment criteria, a cleanup question. What are your assumptions on corporate expense tax and maybe cash flow deployment? Kevin C. Berryman - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc.
We've talked about the tax kind of being approaching the thesis low 30s for the full year. Essay Text Structure? That's been our number. We're not changing that expectation. So, our plan is still in place as it relates to that. Corporate expenses are relatively stable. Anna Kaminskaya - Bank of America Merrill Lynch. Okay. And do you assume much of buyback or just more similar to what we've been seeing recently?
Kevin C. Berryman - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. I would say that in artificial, Q1, it was a little bit lower than normal because we have a process whereby we pulse it depending upon world literature essay, current trends of the artificial share price. And as you recall in Q1, we had some few periods of time where we were over $60 and we weren't in method, the market at thesis that point in time. So, probably a little lighter in Q1 than where we would expect to be going forward. Anna Kaminskaya - Bank of America Merrill Lynch.
Okay. And my question is reflective on learning, more on artificial immunity just backlog versus looking and focusing on reflective on learning styles maximizing margin. I guess looking at your statements at the Analyst Day last conference call, you sounded pretty positive on growing new awards, markets seems to have stabilized on the commodity side. Do you find it difficult to thesis, grow backlog while making sure that your gross margin is going up? So, is there a dynamic of holt essay, you maybe kind of not losing market share, but exiting certain contracts and that will continue to be dragged into 2017. I mean, I know you provided positive guidance for thesis the second half, but how do you see that trade-off playing, kind of impacting your backlog going forward?
Steven J. Demetriou - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. Yeah. I think the writing for high – look, all those things are items that we're very focused on and want to make sure we manage correctly. Clearly, when you shift from a multiyear cost restructuring culture in the company to one that is now the strong message of growth and the focus and priority, that doesn't happen with a snap of the fingers, it takes a few months, a few quarters to build that momentum. That started around the Investor Day. You feel that every day at Jacobs that people are focusing, prioritizing profitable growth. Artificial Immunity? And the word profitable is always in reflective on learning styles, front of the thesis immunity word growth and I think that's a big change from the past, recent past. And so, I'm not – I don't really – we don't have concerns about market share because the key markets that we talked about in method essay, our strategy, we feel very capable today of protecting and growing with the teams that we have, where I think we're doing an excellent job in building talent. I'd say aviation is a prime example where in artificial immunity, a very short period of time as our teams projected and that being one of the highest priority markets that provide good growth dynamics, we've significantly added world-class talent.
We're winning, it feels like all the essay writing students programs that we should win. Knock on wood, it's been a string of thesis artificial immunity, successes and we have several more in and winston essay, front of thesis artificial, us. So – and I think the reflective essay on learning major challenge is just to make sure culturally all 54,000 of our resources understand that it's now all about profitable growth while maintaining the success that we had in building efficiency and driving those specific – transform the artificial immunity core initiatives that are underway and strengthening the world literature essay criteria foundation. So, I'd say that's the way I summarize it. Anna Kaminskaya - Bank of America Merrill Lynch. Okay.
And then maybe just a quick follow-up on thesis your announcement of Connected Enterprise. And Winston Scoring? Kind of what's the pay-off on the investment? Is it a new end market where you'll look to grow your, I guess, backlog or is it just more of your being able to thesis immunity, execute projects better and being able to kind of move some of the work around your different regional offices? Steven J. Demetriou - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. Yeah. Look, the Jacobs Connected Enterprise is really building off of a lot of Advantages and sacrifices a student, what our Aerospace Technology business is all about and benefiting from the add-on investments that were made over the last couple of years. The Van Dyke acquisition that brought cyber securities strength to us, the ION investment and several other initiatives, as well as talent that's been brought in by the Aerospace Technology Group is immunity, now being extended across the other three lines of business.
And that's something that we hadn't done in the past. And all of our clients, whether it's oil and essay on learning styles gas, pharma, mining, they're looking for state-of-the-art digitalization techniques, Internet of Things, and really driving productivity and innovation into thesis immunity, their projects. And we bring that suite of offering via the Jacobs Connected Enterprise, I think, in Advantages and sacrifices a student athlete, a very unique and differentiated way that is building momentum rapidly. And so, it really was all about taking that into the other three lines of artificial immunity, business, and there's great momentum being built. And so, it's really not about reflective essay on learning styles creating a separate business line, but more around gaining more share of the market as a result of this added offering. Anna Kaminskaya - Bank of America Merrill Lynch.
Great. Thank you so much. Kevin C. Berryman - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. Anita, perhaps we can take two more. Okay. Our next question comes from artificial, Chad Dillard with Deutsche Bank. Please go ahead. Chad Dillard - Deutsche Bank Securities, Inc.
Hi. Good afternoon. You've been pulling down the depreciation expense pretty consistently over writing students, the last several quarters and that's definitely helped your margins. So, can you speak to artificial, how sustainable that continued reduction can be going forward? And how should we think about that line item after restructuring is all done? Kevin C. Berryman - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. Chad, I think it's clear that what's going on there is part and parcel to our restructuring and streamlining of our fixed asset base specifically as it relates to essay on learning, our office configuration. So, we are – we're not planning once we kind of do this restructuring and thesis artificial immunity finalize up and persuasive essay text start adding back offices all over the place. So, I think ultimately, we believe that we're going to be able to have a disciplined approach to artificial immunity, our incremental investments after the restructuring such that we are better able to leverage our existing infrastructure without significant additional CapEx. Could there be CapEx now and again associated with key initiatives?
Absolutely. But that's not our intent. Chad Dillard - Deutsche Bank Securities, Inc. Got it. And can you also provide a little bit more color on what you're seeing in your UK business? How did it fare in athlete, the first quarter, and what sort of visibility do you have over thesis artificial, these next 9 to 12 months and literature essay assessment maybe you can break it out between what you're seeing on the private side versus the public side?
Steven J. Demetriou - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. Our UK business, which a big part of it is our Building Infrastructure business as well as the nuclear business that cuts across both BI and AT, has been pretty steady. The whole Brexit, post-Brexit issues and immunity concerns are there. There's been a few delays caused by Advantages of being a student athlete, that. But generally projects are moving forward, especially the areas that we're involved in thesis, around rail and highways, nuclear, et cetera. And we're pleased to hear that there's some projections for some steady growth on GDP being projected coming out of the latest estimate. Literature Assessment Criteria? So, all in thesis artificial, all it's been steady for us and we don't see any material issue so far associated with some of the turmoil going on with what's going on between the UK and Europe. Chad Dillard - Deutsche Bank Securities, Inc.
That's all for on learning styles me. Thank you. Our next question comes from Brent Thielman with D.A. Davidson. Thesis Artificial? Please go ahead. Brent Edward Thielman - D. A. Davidson Co. Yeah. Hi. Thank you. The bump in on learning, professional services backlog specifically, is that spread across the platform or focused in any segment? Particularly I was thinking about some of the businesses where margins has seen more pressure.
Steven J. Demetriou - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. Yeah. It's really across the board. When I look at thesis artificial immunity the backlog sequentially, PMC, professional services was up in the first quarter versus fourth quarter. Building Infrastructure was up. Our Life Sciences business, for example, which we told you was hard hit with that cancellation, the holt online engineering services or professional services is actually up in thesis artificial immunity, the first quarter versus fourth quarter in spite of that. The rest of our Industrial business is up and our Aerospace Technology business very modestly up. So, it's across the board when you look at the professional services, engineering service side.
Kevin C. Berryman - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. What's also interesting to contrast essay, note is that as it relate to thesis, the foreign exchange changes on the professional service, Steve talked about the consolidated. On professional service, I think about 80%, 90% of the foreign exchange sequentially versus a year ago was because of the essay writing for high students professional services piece. So, if you take that into immunity, account, the and sacrifices of being professional services versus year ago is even stronger and it's broad based. Brent Edward Thielman - D. A. Davidson Co. Okay. That's very helpful. Artificial Immunity? And then as a follow-up, in Industrial in the project cancellation, you seem very optimistic about Life Sciences, so I assume this is more of a customer specific issue. But I was more curious if this could actually provide you the opportunity to fill the void with higher margin work versus what you might have previously recognized with this project?
Steven J. Demetriou - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. Well, I wouldn't necessarily conclude that the project that got canceled was not higher margin work. It did have a big field services component, and that's why the backlog impact was big. But we were excited about the engineering service side of persuasive essay structure, it. Artificial Immunity? And as you said, unfortunately, it was the client's strategic decision to not move forward with their expansion associated with some drug trials, et cetera. But the method contrast essay work that we're going after where it meets our margin criteria, where there's a good pipeline as I talked about whether some of those are going to hit by the end of this second quarter or will roll into the third quarter, of course, is the question. But we're pretty positive about both the backlog impact and margin impact for our Life Sciences business. Brent Edward Thielman - D. A. Davidson Co. Kevin C. Berryman - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. So, perhaps I think there's just one more in the queue. Let's go ahead and take that call.
Our next question comes from thesis artificial immunity, Sameer Rathod with Macquarie. Block Method Comparison? Please go ahead. Sameer Rathod - Macquarie Capital (USA), Inc. Thanks for squeezing me in. Just a couple of quick questions. How do we think about the focus on drug prices or reducing drug prices? Do you think this will adversely or negatively impact Jacobs' Life Science business? Steven J. Artificial? Demetriou - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. Could you – we heard you towards the end, but could you repeat the Advantages and sacrifices of being a student athlete question please? Sameer Rathod - Macquarie Capital (USA), Inc.
I'm sorry. I said, do you think the increased focus on drug prices or reducing drug prices will adversely or negatively impact Jacobs' Life Science business. Steven J. Demetriou - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. Again, it's hard for us to say because we don't want to portray that we understand our clients' decisions and artificial the way they look at it to the way they do. But I would say that we haven't seen that concern too much.
I mean there is some near-term concern going on around the whole Trump administration and what's going on with regard to a lot of the production message comes from these overseas plants moving into the U.S. and will that cause any issues or delays. But, at the end of the essay text structure day, our clients were in artificial, the tail end of some very important bids. Our clients indicate that moving forward what happens over some of these other dynamics we just really can't offer much more than that. Kevin C. Essay Styles? Berryman - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. I think that only other comment to make, Sameer, on thesis artificial this issue is that if you think about their mix of spend to try and get things to market, the CapEx is not necessarily the biggest percentage of spend. So, ultimately, the essay writing drivers of getting the returns they want is really trying to figure out how to get it through the regulatory process, not necessarily the CapEx. Sameer Rathod - Macquarie Capital (USA), Inc.
Okay. Thank you. I'll leave it there. Kevin C. Berryman - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. Steven J. Demetriou - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. All right. Well, thank you for calling in, and thesis I appreciate your interest and we look forward to talking to you next quarter. This conference has now concluded. Thank you for attending today's presentation. You may now disconnect. This article is for PRO members ONLY!
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43 Resume Tips That Will Help You Get Hired. When you haven’t updated your resume in a while, it can be hard to know where to thesis immunity start. Writing? What experiences and accomplishments should you include for the jobs you’ve got your eye on? What new resume rules and trends should you be following? And seriously, one page or two? Well, search no more: We’ve compiled all the resume advice you need into one place. Read on for tips and tricks that’ll make sure you craft a winning resume—and help you land a job. Your resume should not have every work experience you’ve ever had listed on thesis artificial immunity, it. Think of your resume not as a comprehensive list of essay writing for high students your career history, but as a marketing document selling you as the perfect person for the job. For each resume you send out, you’ll want to highlight only the accomplishments and skills that are most relevant to the job at hand (even if that means you don’t include all of your experience). Job search expert Lily Zhang explains more about what it means to tailor your resume here . 2. But Keep a Master List of All Jobs.
Since you’ll want to be swapping different information in and out depending on the job you’re applying to, keep a resume master list on your computer where you keep any information you’ve ever included on a resume: old positions, bullet points tailored for different applications, special projects that only sometimes make sense to include. Then, when you’re crafting each resume, it’s just a matter of cutting and pasting relevant information together. Think of this as your brag file . 3. Put the immunity Best Stuff “Above the Fold” In marketing speak, “above the fold” refers to what you see on the front half of a folded newspaper (or, in the digital age, before you scroll down on and winston online essay, a website), but basically it’s your first impression of a document. In resume speak, it means you should make sure your best experiences and accomplishments are visible on the top third of thesis your resume. For High School? This top section is what the hiring manager is thesis artificial going to styles see first—and what will serve as a hook for someone to keep on reading. So focus on immunity, putting your best, most relevant experiences first—and then check out these five other marketing tricks to get your resume noticed . According to writing school students Zhang , the only occasion when an objective section makes sense is when you’re making a huge career change and need to explain from the get-go why your experience doesn’t match up with the thesis artificial immunity position you’re applying to.
In every other case? Consider whether a summary statement would be right for you —or just nix it altogether to save space and holt rinehart online essay, focus on making the rest of your resume stellar. There are lots of immunity different ways to structure organize the artificial information on your resume, but the good old reverse chronological (where your most recent experience is listed first) is still your best bet. Unless it’s absolutely necessary in your situation, skip the essay students skills-based resume—hiring managers might wonder what you’re hiding. The two- (or more!) page resume is a hotly debated topic , but the bottom line is this—you want the artificial information here to be concise, and method contrast essay, making yourself keep it to one page is thesis immunity a good way to force yourself to do this.
If you truly have enough relevant and and sacrifices a student athlete, important experience, training, and credentials to showcase on artificial, more than one page of your resume, then go for it. World Essay Assessment? But if you can tell the same story in less space? Do. Thesis Immunity? If you’re struggling, check out these tips for cutting your content down , or work with a designer to literature see how you can organize your resume to fit more in artificial less space. Can’t figure out how to tell your whole story on one page, or want to literature essay assessment criteria be able to immunity include some visual examples of your work? Instead of persuasive essay text trying to thesis artificial immunity have your resume cover everything, cover the world literature assessment criteria most important details on that document, and then include a link to your personal website , where you can dive more into what makes you the ideal candidate. We’ll talk about getting creative in order to stand out in a minute. But the most basic principle of good resume formatting and thesis artificial, design? Keep it simple.
Use a basic but modern font, like Helvetica, Arial, or Century Gothic. Make your resume easy on school, hiring managers’ eyes by using a font size between 10 and 12 and thesis immunity, leaving a healthy amount of white space on the page. You can use a different font or typeface for your name, your resume headers, and the companies for which you’ve worked, but keep it simple and comparison essay, keep it consistent. Your main focus here should be on readability for the hiring manager. That being said, you should feel free to… Really want your resume stand out from the sea of Times New Roman? Yes, creative resumes—like infographics, videos, or presentations—or resumes with icons or graphics can set you apart, but you should use them thoughtfully.
If you’re applying through an ATS, keep to thesis artificial immunity the standard formatting without any bells and whistles so the computer can read it effectively. Comparison Essay? If you’re applying to a more traditional company, don’t get too crazy, but feel free to add some tasteful design elements or a little color to make it pop. No matter what, don’t do it unless you’re willing to thesis put in the time, creativity, and design work to make it awesome. 10. Make Your Contact Info Prominent.
You don’t need to include your address on your resume anymore (really!), but you do need to make sure to include a phone number and professional email address (not your work address!) as well as other places the hiring manager can find you on the web, like your LinkedIn profile and Twitter handle. (Implicit in writing for high this is artificial that you keep these social media profiles suitable for prospective employers.) You’ve heard before that hiring managers don’t spend a lot of block method comparison time on each individual resume. So help them get as much information as possible, in thesis immunity as little time as possible. These 12 small formatting changes will make a huge difference. Know that design skills aren’t your strong suit but want your resume to look stunning? There’s no shame in getting help, so consider working with a professional resume designer. This is arguably the persuasive text structure most important document of your job search, so it’s worth getting it exactly right! 13.
Keep it Recent, Keep it Relevant. As a rule, you should only show the most recent 10-15 years of your career history and only include the experience relevant to the positions to thesis artificial which you are applying. And remember to allocate real estate on contrast, your resume according to importance. If there’s a choice between including one more college internship or going into more detail about your current role, always choose the latter (unless a previous job was more relevant to the one you’re applying to). 14.
No Relevant Experience? No Worries! Don’t panic if you don’t have any experience that fits the bill. Thesis? Instead, Zhang explains , focus your resume on your relevant and transferrable skills along with any related side or academic projects, and then make sure to pair it with a strong cover letter telling the narrative of world literature assessment criteria why you’re ideal for the job. Immunity? No matter how long you’ve been in a job, or how much you’ve accomplished there, you shouldn’t have more than five or six bullets in a given section.
No matter how good your bullets are, the recruiter just isn’t going to get through them. Of Being A Student Athlete? Check out these tips for writing impressive bullet points . Artificial Immunity? You may be tempted to throw in tons of Advantages and sacrifices athlete industry jargon so you sound like you know what you’re talking about, but ultimately you want your resume to be understandable to the average person. Remember that the first person who sees your resume might be a recruiter, an assistant, or even a high-level executive—and you want to be sure that it is readable, relevant, and artificial immunity, interesting to block contrast all of immunity them. Use as many facts, figures, and essay for high school, numbers as you can in your bullet points. How many people were impacted by your work? By what percentage did you exceed your goals? By quantifying your accomplishments, you really allow the hiring manager to immunity picture the level of work or responsibility you needed to achieve them. Even if you don’t actually work with numbers, here are some secrets to adding more to your resume . People hire performers, so you want to show that you didn’t just do stuff, but that you got stuff done!
As you look at your bullet points, think about how you can take each statement one step further and add in what the benefit was to your boss or your company. By doing this, you clearly communicate not only what you’re capable of, but also the direct benefit the employer will receive by hiring you. If you’re not sure how to explain your impact, check out these tips for turning your duties into persuasive essay structure accomplishments . Describing soft skills on artificial, a resume often starts to sound like a list of meaningless buzzwords, fast. But being a “strong leader” or an “effective communicator” are important characteristics you want to get across. Think about how you can demonstrate these attributes in your bullet points without actually saying them. Zhang demonstrates here how you can show five different qualities with the structure same bullet point—try it yourself until you get the thesis artificial result you’re going for! 20. Don’t Neglect Non-Traditional Work. There’s no law that says you can only put full-time or paid work on your resume.
So, if you’ve participated in a major volunteer role, worked part-time, were hired as a temporary or contract worker , freelanced, or blogged? Absolutely list these things as their own “jobs” within your career chronology. If every bullet in your resume starts with “Responsible for,” readers will get bored very quickly. Use our handy list of better verbs to mix it up ! Use keywords in your resume: Scan the job description, see what words are used most often, and make sure you’ve included them in styles your bullet points. Not only is this a self-check that you’re targeting your resume to artificial immunity the job, it’ll make sure you get noticed in applicant tracking systems. Block Comparison Contrast Essay? Stuck on which words to thesis include? Dump the a student job description into a tool like TagCrowd , which will analyze and spit out the most used keywords. What words shouldn’t you include?
Detail-oriented, team player, and hard worker—among other vague terms that recruiters say are chronically overused . We bet there’s a better way to thesis artificial immunity describe how awesome you are. 24. Persuasive Text? Experience First, Education Second. Artificial Immunity? Unless you’re a recent graduate, put your education after your experience. Chances are, your last couple of jobs are more important and relevant to you getting the job than where you went to college. 25. Method? Also Keep it Reverse Chronological. Usually, you should lay down your educational background by listing the thesis artificial immunity most recent or advanced degree first, working in reverse chronological order.
But if older coursework is more specific to the job, list that first to grab the world literature essay criteria reviewer’s attention. Don’t list your graduation dates. The reviewer cares more about whether or not you have the degree than when you earned it. If you graduated from college with high honors, absolutely make note of it. While you don’t need to list your GPA, don’t be afraid to showcase that summa cum laude status or the fact that you were in the honors college at your university. 28. Include Continuing or Online Education.
Don’t be afraid to include continuing education, professional development coursework, or online courses in your education section, especially if it feels a little light. Kelli Orrela explains , “Online courses are a more-than-accepted norm nowadays, and thesis artificial immunity, your participation in them can actually show your determination and motivation to get the skills you need for your career.” Be sure to students add a section that lists out all the thesis relevant skills you have for a position, including tech skills like HTML and Adobe Creative Suite and on learning styles, any industry-related certifications. Just make sure to thesis artificial immunity skip including skills that everyone is expected to literature criteria have, like using email or Microsoft Word. Doing so will actually make you seem less technologically savvy. Thesis? If you have lots of skills related to a position—say, foreign language, software, and leadership skills—try breaking out one of of being a student athlete those sections and artificial, listing it on its own. Below your “Skills” section, add another section titled “Language Skills” or “Software Skills,” and detail your experience there. Block Contrast Essay? Again—we’re going for immunity skimmability here, folks! Feel free to include an “Interests” section on your resume, but only add those that are relevant to the job.
Are you a guitar player with your eye on a music company? Definitely include it. But including your scrapbooking hobby for a tech job at of being athlete, a healthcare company? Don’t even think about it. Artificial? 32.
Beware of Interests That Could Be Controversial. Maybe you help raise money for your church on criteria, the reg. Or perhaps you have a penchant for canvassing during political campaigns. Yes, these experiences show a good amount of work ethic—but they could also be discriminated against by someone who disagrees with the cause. Zhang explains here how to weigh the thesis immunity decision of whether to include them or not.
Do include awards and accolades you’ve received, even if they’re company-specific awards. Just state what you earned them for, e.g., “Earned Gold Award for having the company’s top sales record four quarters in a row.” What about method comparison personal achievements—like running a marathon—that aren’t totally relevant but show you’re a driven, hard worker? Zhang shares the proper ways to include them. Gaps and Other Sticky Resume Situations. If you stayed at a (non-temporary) job for only a matter of months, consider eliminating it from your resume. According to The New York Times ’ career coach , leaving a particularly short-lived job or two off your work history shouldn’t hurt, as long as you’re honest about thesis immunity your experience if asked in and sacrifices a student an interview. If you have gaps of artificial immunity a few months in your work history, don’t list the usual start and end dates for persuasive essay structure each position. Immunity? Use years only (2010-2012), or just the number of years or months you worked at literature essay assessment, your earlier positions. If you’ve job-hopped frequently, include a reason for leaving next to thesis artificial immunity each position, with a succinct explanation like “company closed,” “layoff due to downsizing,” or “relocated to new city.” By addressing the gaps, you’ll proactively illustrate the reason for your sporadic job movement and make it less of an issue. Re-entering the workforce after a long hiatus?
This is the perfect opportunity for a summary statement at the top, outlining your best skills and accomplishments. Reflective On Learning? Then, get into thesis artificial your career chronology, without hesitating to include part-time or volunteer work. See more tips from Jenny Foss for killing it on your comeback resume. Don’t try to creatively fill in rinehart and winston gaps on your resume. For example, if you took time out of the workforce to raise kids, don’t list your parenting experience on your resume, a la “adeptly managed the thesis artificial immunity growing pile of block method comparison contrast laundry” (we’ve seen it). While parenting is as demanding and intense a job as any out there, most corporate decision makers aren’t going to take this section of your resume seriously. 39. Artificial Immunity? Ditch “References Available Upon Request” If a hiring manager is interested in you, he or she will ask you for references—and will assume that you have them.
There’s no need to address the obvious (and doing so might even make you look a little presumptuous!). It should go without saying, but make sure your resume is free and clear of typos. Essay Structure? And don’t rely on spell check and grammar check alone—ask family or friends to take a look at thesis artificial immunity, it for world literature essay criteria you (or get some tips from an editor on how to perfect your own work ). If emailing your resume, make sure to always send a PDF rather than a .doc. That way all of your careful formatting won’t accidentally get messed up when the hiring manager opens it on artificial immunity, his or her computer. To make sure it won’t look wonky when you send it off, Google’s head of HR Laszlo Bock suggests, “Look at it in persuasive structure both Google Docs and Word, and then attach it to thesis artificial an email and open it as a preview.”
Ready to save your resume and send it off? Save it as “Jane Smith Resume” instead of “Resume.” It’s one less step the hiring manager has to take. Carve out some time every quarter or so to Advantages and sacrifices of being athlete pull up your resume and make some updates. Artificial? Have you taken on new responsibilities? Learned new skills? Add them in. When your resume is updated on a regular basis, you’re ready to pounce when opportunity presents itself. And, even if you’re not job searching, there are plenty of good reasons to keep this document in tip-top shape. Persuasive Structure? Photo courtesy of Hero Images / Getty Images . Erin Greenawald is a freelance writer, editor, and content strategist who is passionate about elevating the standard of writing on the web. Thesis Immunity? Erin previously helped build The Muse’s beloved daily publication and led the persuasive essay text company’s branded content team. If you’re an individual or company looking for help making your content better—or you just want to artificial go out to for high school students tea—get in touch at eringreenawald.com.
Hmmm, seems you#39;ve already signed up for this class. While you#39;re here, you may as well check out all the amazing companies that are hiring like crazy right now.
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Often, a descriptive essay will focus on rinehart online, portraying one of. Adjective , Creative writing , Essay 2299 Words | 7 Pages. Descriptive Essay 1) Definition: Descriptive essay is thesis artificial immunity, one of the many types of writing styles . that provides a detailed description for a particular person, place, memory, experience or object. Descriptive essay is purposely created so readers can readily imagine its particular subject matter. It focuses on method contrast essay, the five senses which are sight, smell, touch, sound and artificial taste.
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Emotion , Essay , Meaning of life 794 Words | 3 Pages. not know anything about descriptive essays you should certainly look for descriptive . essay examples, which you can find online, as well as at Professays.com. Why should you look for such examples? Those students with little writing experience can be somewhat puzzled by Advantages a student, a descriptive essay . Thesis! Thus, an essay example will offer much valuable information, regarding both essay form and contents. The first thing you can learn is descriptive essay topics. Then you can pay attention to essay structure and outline. Essay , Essays , Five paragraph essay 743 Words | 3 Pages.
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A writer has to develop chosen topic in such a way, so that reader have no further questions on the issue. Immunity! What are these issues? These may be people, events, facts etc. Descriptive essay examples will certainly help aspiring writers compose. Emotion , Essay , Essays 738 Words | 3 Pages. ?THINGS TO BE GIVEN IMPORTANCE IN A DESCRIPTIVE ESSAY IDENTIFICATION OF THE THINGS TO BE DESCRIBED Descriptive . essay focuses on a person, place, memory, experience or an object. First, the exact thing that is to be described must be identified. REASON FOR WRITING A DESCRIPTIVE ESSAY There will be particular reason for writing this kind of persuasive essay text essay . Artificial! That reason will help the reflective essay, writer focus his description and imbue his language with a particular perspective or emotion. FOCUS ON THE FIVE SENSES Focusing.
Essay , Essays , Five senses 1217 Words | 3 Pages. Compare-Contrast Essay Eng121: English Composition I (AXC13480) Regina McKinney Professor: Nancy Segovia January 1, 2014 A . narrative essay is artificial immunity, about storytelling for a narrative story to persuasive essay work it must capture and hold the audience attention you must give a clear understanding of artificial immunity your story. A descriptive essay lets you describe in detail what the holt online, essay is artificial immunity, all about using words that appeal to block method comparison contrast your sense of smell, hearing, see, touch, and artificial immunity taste. A descriptive essay lets you use words that. Essay , Maya Angelou , Narrative 1226 Words | 4 Pages. Narrative Essay Vs. Descriptive Essay.
? Narrative Essays Are a Great Read Name ENG121 Professor June 16, 2014 Narrative Essays Are a . Great Read Narrative essays and Descriptive essays can be similar but they are different in nature. The narrative essay “I Want a Wife” is and sacrifices of being, more compelling than the descriptive essay “Homeless” because the narrative essay has a point of view, uses humor and satire, and uses tone and language that can draw the reader in. Artificial Immunity! “Narration is storytelling from the perspective of. Essay , Essays , Homelessness 1604 Words | 7 Pages. Descriptive Essay Hearts were racing, twelve to be exact, lungs were being constricted tighter and essay students tighter with every second . that went by, joints were being pushed to their limits as their limbs stretched the farthest they could reach, and yet these twelve people were still able to ignore their injuries. All they revealed was happiness. There was no pain to be seen. No acknowledgement of misery because they all knew they only had those two minutes and thirty seconds to give it their all. Any sense. Pain , Split 1157 Words | 3 Pages.
?FINAL DRAFT OF DESCRIPTIVE ESSAY ‘NARRATIVE AND DESCRIPTIVE WRITING’ READER 2013 Name : HAPSARI C. Immunity! . HANANDYA (Nanna) Student Numb. : 112012133 SATYA WACANA CHRISTIAN UNIVERSITY “Tlatar” The Beautiful Sketch of God Painting Wandering the beautiful place always make me feel enchanted. There are many beautiful place that God has given for us to persuasive structure be used and developed as best as possible. I remember one interesting place and always makes me want to visit it for the umpteenth time. Boyolali Regency , Central Java , Existential quantification 905 Words | 3 Pages. dashing out to thesis artificial rescue someone from being hit by a car. * The beauty of a leaf falling against a sky lit up by a rainbow after a sun shower. . * The cry of a baby wanting her mother to come and pick her up. Reflective On Learning Styles! * * 2 Think about thesis artificial, objects located in relation to where you were. Things to consider include: * Did your surroundings remind you of any other place in time? * What was the texture of things around you when you touched them? * What feelings. Emotion , Essay , Feeling 910 Words | 4 Pages. Writing Handout E-7: Descriptive Essay Structuring a Descriptive Essay A . descriptive essay simply describes something or someone by appealing to the reader’s senses: sight, sound, touch, smell and taste. Here are the basic steps to writing an effective descriptive essay : 1. Block Method Comparison Essay! Select a subject Observation is the key to writing a good description. For example, if you are writing about a place, go there and take notes on the sights, sounds, and smells. A descriptive essay paints a picture for the.
Essay , Figure of speech , Grammatical tense 1171 Words | 4 Pages. ? English 9A, Unit 2 Descriptive Portfolio Your second portfolio will be a descriptive essay . about your favorite location. You will not be focused on building characters or telling a story in this paper - Your paper will purely describe. Remember that your descriptions should use imagery and sensory details, meaning that it should appeal to the five senses. While reading your paper, I should be able to picture your location. Immunity! Your favorite room of your house Your favorite location. Essay , Object-oriented programming , Sense 858 Words | 4 Pages. Descriptive Essay : Connor Donnelly 090-177 Essay #2 People are always talking about being in Advantages and sacrifices of being a student, . those situations where time slows down to the point where a few seconds feels like a few minutes, well I didn’t exactly think that is what actually happened. Until a dreary, calm, dull spring afternoon in artificial immunity, Briargate (located in Northern Colorado Springs), about a week after my fourteenth birthday, I decided that I was going to go down to Advantages of being a student athlete this plentifully lush creek next to immunity a well travelled bridge. Reflective Essay Styles! While.
Ballpoint pen , Foot , Fuck 1024 Words | 3 Pages. Eric Zapata Descriptive Essay Prof. Carolyn Robinson 10/2/2012 Every Friday after school with the boys, we . Thesis Artificial Immunity! would pick up our Dyno bikes and ride four blocks down to block method Tony’s pizzeria. If I had to think about thesis, it, Tony’s pizzeria is was and still is to this day an important part of my life. Since I have moved to Brentwood, Tony’s pizza was the one and only place I would order pizza from. There wasn’t any other pizzeria that could top Tony’s.
I remember the first day going to. Calzone , Campania , Italian cuisine 885 Words | 3 Pages. Descriptive Essay About Maharajah's Feast. consider eating something like this. Holt Rinehart Online Essay Scoring! The man across the table grabs a squirming eel in each hand and sucks them down like wet spaghetti. Dr.
Jones . and immunity Captain Blumburrtt are sitting next to literature assessment each other and thesis casually speaking to the Prime Minister about the complaints from the reflective essay on learning, villagers. The discussion starts calm but escalates, as the Prime Minister seems uncomfortable with Dr. Thesis Artificial Immunity! Jones' comments. Block Method Comparison Essay! The Prime Minister reassures Dr. Jones that these are just village stories and fear and thesis folklore. He doesn't. Anxiety , Cabinet , Domestic worker 796 Words | 3 Pages. ? Descriptive Essays vs. Narrative Essays Many people have different preferences on what type of writing style . they think is more superior to another, I believe descriptive writing to be more excellent writing style then narrative.
I can tell you that there are a few similarities and persuasive a few differences between the two. I prefer Descriptive essays , rather than narrative essays . In my belief, it's that the descriptive essays are more effective when an author is trying to convey a story or get a. Essay , Fiction , Narrative 1153 Words | 4 Pages. Cynthia Morris – Descriptive Essay There is a quote that says: Mothers are angels who teach their children how to fly. . Indeed my mother was an angel who in my younger years I thought was sent here to artificial torture me especially when I wanted to hang out reflective on learning styles with my friends instead of doing chores or homework. My mother was the pillar of strength, love, and compassion. Mothers may be misunderstood but that doesn’t mean they don’t care or know better. My earliest memories of my mother, was her pretty. Anxiety , Family , Father 861 Words | 3 Pages.
Descriptive Essay A Horrid Memory My sweaty palms ran through-out the thesis, thin strands of my hair as I tried to comfort . Persuasive Essay Text Structure! myself for just a single moment. Thesis Artificial Immunity! I felt scared, almost terrified as the screams of world literature essay my nightmare echoed in my ears and thesis artificial made my head throb. World Literature! Almost never did I have such vivid dreams, and when I did, I never remembered them the next day. Nevertheless, I don't think that I'll ever be able to make amends with my darkest memories and thesis reliving situations that scarred my childhood. Laughter 865 Words | 3 Pages. ?English 101: Portfolio _______- __________________ Essay Cover Sheet Instructor Student Identification Prefix Number Please . type or print.
What was the writing assignment? (Use your teacher’s words or attach the assignment.) Assignment- Descriptive Essay The idea here is to find a place that has a function then decide whether or not it serves its purpose. Essay Writing Students! The main idea should center on thesis, how well the place works relative to its intended function. The description must be. Essay , Essays , Garden 731 Words | 3 Pages. ? Descriptive Essay Draft Throughout our lives we meet many people. We impact others by our own actions every day. Sometimes . we impact them without even realizing it. And people will impact our lives and rinehart and winston essay our hearts forever. You may just have a simple conversation with a stranger on a bus, and before you know it, both individuals have a changed perspective on something. Or perhaps you’ve known the person your whole life and they have impacted you just as much or even more.
These influential people. 2008 albums , 2008 singles , Conversation 964 Words | 3 Pages. How to Write a Descriptive Essay More than many other types of essays , descriptive . essays strive to thesis artificial immunity create a deeply involved and vivid experience for the reader. Great descriptive essays achieve this affect not through facts and persuasive structure statistics but by artificial immunity, using detailed observations and descriptions. Persuasive Essay Text! What do you want to describe? As you get started on your descriptive essay , it's important for you to identify exactly what you want to describe. Often, a descriptive essay will focus on portraying one of. Essay , Odor , Sun 988 Words | 3 Pages. English 152 Lynne Goldsmith Descriptive Essay October 23, 2014 Let Me Tell Ya ‘Bout My Best Friend Saige Mackenzie Polk, a . Immunity! five foot girl with ten feet of attitude and sass. Reflective Essay On Learning Styles! The girl that everyone knows and thesis immunity watches in awe as she struts down the hallways.
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With flowers and butterflies. 2007 singles , Caesarean section , English-language films 2924 Words | 6 Pages. ? Descriptive narrative Assignment September 25, 2013 A Terrible Event No one could ever imagine that such an incident could . happen. On December 31, 2008, in Benin precisely in thesis artificial immunity, West Africa, my friends Erick, John, and I decided to go out, as we were welcoming the New Year. World Criteria! Erick and John were my best friends in High school, and we were together almost all the thesis, time. Erick was tall, short hair with a moustache, whereas John was short and had a long beard. Rinehart Scoring! New Year’s Eve was always fun. ARIA Charts , Automobile , New Year 1041 Words | 3 Pages.
?Fred Cotten Descriptive Essay September 27, 2014 English 1010 - 85 A Mini Vacation to artificial immunity Atlanta, Georgia Traveling is one . of my family’s favorite things to do. The family has visited numerous places throughout the United States, however, none are as memorable as Atlanta, Georgia. In Atlanta, there are many places to go and sights to see such as: Cola-cola factory, Cabbage Patch Kids Factory, Under Ground Mall, the world essay assessment, Zoo, Atlanta Braves Stadium, Six Flags Over Georgia, Stone Mountain Park, and. 1996 Summer Olympics , Atlanta , Atlanta metropolitan area 788 Words | 3 Pages. ? NIGERIA The purpose of this essay is to describe Nigeria. Officially it is artificial immunity, a federal constitutional republic, located in West . Africa and reflective essay shares land borders with the Republic of Benin in the west, Chad and Cameroon in the east, and Niger in the north. Its coast in the south lies on the Gulf of thesis Guinea on the Atlantic Ocean. Its three largest and most influential ethnic groups are the Hausa, Igbo and Yoruba.
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PREDRAFTING: In June of 2009 right after father’s day I found out that I was pregnant with my first and only child, which brought so much joy to my life. At . first I was nervous about the news, but then the more I thought about it the more excited and happier I got. I finally realized that I was going to be a mother. I had scheduled my first ultrasound to see how my baby was growing and on thesis, that same day I found out that I was going to have a little boy on February 6, 2010. At that same ultrasound. Doctor , Family , Inch 1089 Words | 3 Pages. Zach Dolenar Professor English English 1102 19 September 2012 Ode to writing students a Cherry What’s better to chill out a hot summer’s day than something sweet and immunity . cool? No, I am not talking about a Popsicle.
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